1 Laws about military service
1 When thou goest out to battle against thine enemies, and seest See Ps. 20:7;Is. 31:1horses, and chariots, and a people more than thou, be not afraid of them: for the Lord thy God is Num. 23:21;ch. 31:6,8;2 Chr. 13:12;& 32:7,8with thee, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.
2 And it shall be, when ye are come nigh unto the battle, that the priest shall approach and speak unto the people,
3 And shall say unto them, Hear, O Israel, you approach this day unto battle against your enemies: let not your hearts [a]faint, fear not, and do not [b]tremble, neither be ye terrified because of them;
4 For the Lord your God is he that goeth with you, ch. 1:30;& 3:22;Josh. 23:10to fight for you against your enemies, to save you.
5 And the officers shall speak unto the people, saying, What man is there that hath built a new house, and hath not See Neh. 12:27dedicated it? let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man dedicate it.
6 And what man is he that hath planted a vineyard, and hath not yet See Lev. 19:23,24;ch. 28:30[c]eaten of it? let him also go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man eat of it.
7 ch. 24:5And what man is there that hath betrothed a wife, and hath not taken her? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man take her.
8 And the officers shall speak further unto the people, and they shall say, Judg. 7:3What man is there that is fearful and fainthearted? let him go and return unto his house, lest his brethren's heart [d]faint as well as his heart.
10 When thou comest nigh unto a city to fight against it, 2 Sam. 20:18,20then proclaim peace unto it.
11 And it shall be, if it make thee answer of peace, and open unto thee, then it shall be, that all the people that is found therein shall be tributaries unto thee, and they shall serve thee.
12 And if it will make no peace with thee, but will make war against thee, then thou shalt besiege it:
13 And when the Lord thy God hath delivered it into thine hands, Num. 31:7thou shalt smite every male thereof with the edge of the sword:
14 But the women, and the little ones, and Josh. 8:2the cattle, and all that is in the city, even all the spoil thereof, shalt thou [f]take unto thyself; and Josh. 22:8thou shalt eat the spoil of thine enemies, which the Lord thy God hath given thee.
15 Thus shalt thou do unto all the cities which are very far off from thee, which are not of the cities of these nations.
16 But Num. 21:2,3,35;& 33:52;ch. 7:1,2;Josh. 11:14of the cities of these people, which the Lord thy God doth give thee for an inheritance, thou shalt save alive nothing that breatheth:
17 But thou shalt utterly destroy them; namely, the Hittites, and the Amorites, the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee:
18 That ch. 7:4;& 12:30,31;& 18:9they teach you not to do after all their abominations, which they have done unto their gods; so should ye Ex. 23:33sin against the Lord your God.
19 When thou shalt besiege a city a long time, in making war against it to take it, thou shalt not destroy the trees thereof by forcing an axe against them: for thou mayest eat of them, and thou shalt not cut them down ([g]for the tree of the field is man's life) [h]to employ them in the siege:
20 Only the trees which thou knowest that they be not trees for meat, thou shalt destroy and cut them down; and thou shalt build bulwarks against the city that maketh war with thee, until [i]it be subdued.
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