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Exodus 12 - NIV

The Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread

1 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt,

2 “This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year.

3 Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb[a] for his family, one for each household.

4 If any household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share one with their nearest neighbor, having taken into account the number of people there are. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat.

5 The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats.

6 Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the members of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight.

7 Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs.

8 That same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire, along with bitter herbs, and bread made without yeast.

9 Do not eat the meat raw or boiled in water, but roast it over a fire—with the head, legs and internal organs.

10 Do not leave any of it till morning; if some is left till morning, you must burn it.

11 This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is the Lord’s Passover.

12 “On that same night I will pass through Egypt and strike down every firstborn of both people and animals, and I will bring judgment on all the gods of Egypt. I am the Lord.

13 The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt.

14 “This is a day you are to commemorate; for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the Lord—a lasting ordinance.

15 For seven days you are to eat bread made without yeast. On the first day remove the yeast from your houses, for whoever eats anything with yeast in it from the first day through the seventh must be cut off from Israel.

16 On the first day hold a sacred assembly, and another one on the seventh day. Do no work at all on these days, except to prepare food for everyone to eat; that is all you may do.

17 “Celebrate the Festival of Unleavened Bread, because it was on this very day that I brought your divisions out of Egypt. Celebrate this day as a lasting ordinance for the generations to come.

18 In the first month you are to eat bread made without yeast, from the evening of the fourteenth day until the evening of the twenty-first day.

19 For seven days no yeast is to be found in your houses. And anyone, whether foreigner or native-born, who eats anything with yeast in it must be cut off from the community of Israel.

20 Eat nothing made with yeast. Wherever you live, you must eat unleavened bread.”

21 Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go at once and select the animals for your families and slaughter the Passover lamb.

22 Take a bunch of hyssop, dip it into the blood in the basin and put some of the blood on the top and on both sides of the doorframe. None of you shall go out of the door of your house until morning.

23 When the Lord goes through the land to strike down the Egyptians, he will see the blood on the top and sides of the doorframe and will pass over that doorway, and he will not permit the destroyer to enter your houses and strike you down.

24 “Obey these instructions as a lasting ordinance for you and your descendants.

25 When you enter the land that the Lord will give you as he promised, observe this ceremony.

26 And when your children ask you, ‘What does this ceremony mean to you?’

27 then tell them, ‘It is the Passover sacrifice to the Lord, who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt and spared our homes when he struck down the Egyptians.’” Then the people bowed down and worshiped.

28 The Israelites did just what the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron.

29 At midnight the Lord struck down all the firstborn in Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, who sat on the throne, to the firstborn of the prisoner, who was in the dungeon, and the firstborn of all the livestock as well.

30 Pharaoh and all his officials and all the Egyptians got up during the night, and there was loud wailing in Egypt, for there was not a house without someone dead.

The Exodus

31 During the night Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Up! Leave my people, you and the Israelites! Go, worship the Lord as you have requested.

32 Take your flocks and herds, as you have said, and go. And also bless me.”

33 The Egyptians urged the people to hurry and leave the country. “For otherwise,” they said, “we will all die!”

34 So the people took their dough before the yeast was added, and carried it on their shoulders in kneading troughs wrapped in clothing.

35 The Israelites did as Moses instructed and asked the Egyptians for articles of silver and gold and for clothing.

36 The Lord had made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward the people, and they gave them what they asked for; so they plundered the Egyptians.

37 The Israelites journeyed from Rameses to Sukkoth. There were about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children.

38 Many other people went up with them, and also large droves of livestock, both flocks and herds.

39 With the dough the Israelites had brought from Egypt, they baked loaves of unleavened bread. The dough was without yeast because they had been driven out of Egypt and did not have time to prepare food for themselves.

40 Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in Egypt[b] was 430 years.

41 At the end of the 430 years, to the very day, all the Lord’s divisions left Egypt.

42 Because the Lord kept vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt, on this night all the Israelites are to keep vigil to honor the Lord for the generations to come.

Passover Restrictions

43 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “These are the regulations for the Passover meal:
“No foreigner may eat it.

44 Any slave you have bought may eat it after you have circumcised him,

45 but a temporary resident or a hired worker may not eat it.

46 “It must be eaten inside the house; take none of the meat outside the house. Do not break any of the bones.

47 The whole community of Israel must celebrate it.

48 “A foreigner residing among you who wants to celebrate the Lord’s Passover must have all the males in his household circumcised; then he may take part like one born in the land. No uncircumcised male may eat it.

49 The same law applies both to the native-born and to the foreigner residing among you.”

50 All the Israelites did just what the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron.

51 And on that very day the Lord brought the Israelites out of Egypt by their divisions.


a. Exodus 12:3 The Hebrew word can mean lamb or kid; also in verse 4.
b. Exodus 12:40 Masoretic Text; Samaritan Pentateuch and Septuagint Egypt and Canaan

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Shared by: Kevin Ruffcorn on Oct, 2016
Summary: Passover: the blood of the lamb and unleavened bread signify God's sacrifice of the lamb and God's deliverance.
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Scripture: Exodus 12:1-13:8
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Ron Tuit avatar
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Shared by: Ron Tuit on Sep, 2016
Summary: The Drama of the Gospel of the Lord Jesus continues to unfold in the institution of the Lord's Passover, protecting God's People from the disastrous tenth plague. The Passover Lamb points to the perfect sacrifice of Jesus 1500 years later.
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Shared by: John Gail on Sep, 2016
Summary: This sermon is from Exodus chapter 12 and is about the Passover, final preparation for the Exodus and the perfect sacrifice. Some of the ideas come from "Preach for a Year," by Roger Campbell and commentaries too numerous to mention. My thanks to all.
Scripture: Exodus 12:1-14
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Shared by: J Jeffrey Smead on Aug, 2016
Summary: The translation we heard states that the servants are waiting for the master a better translation describes servants who are expecting the master.Waiting is passive, much like waiting for a bus or a cab. Expecting denotes excitement, energy, enthusiasm.
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Shared by: Sam Hunsu on Jul, 2016
Summary: Anytime God is about to move in the direction of His children; He will always require them to sanitize themselves. Anytime God is preparing to pass through the midst of His Children, one thing He usually requested for is spiritual sanitation.
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Shared by: John Gaston on Jun, 2016
Summary: It was a terrible time for the land of Egypt. God had risen up against the land with horrible plagues. Death will strike down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt. Exception? Only those under the blood would be spared!
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Scripture: Exodus 11:1-12:51
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Shared by: Troy Campbell on Mar, 2016
Summary: Learn the benefits of applying the blood to our everyday lives.
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Shared by: Bob Marcaurelle on Mar, 2016
Summary: Message 9 uses the day the Exodus began as an example of how God keeps his promises and how He leads us through the wilderness of temptation, trial and tears to make us strong. It also shows that Jesus is our cloud and fire to guide and guard us,.
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Shared by: Bob Marcaurelle on Mar, 2016
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Shared by: Paul Carlson on Dec, 2015
Summary: PROPOSITION: Because Christ is the Passover Lamb; you need His blood to save you from your sins.
Series: O.T. Survey
Scripture: Exodus 12:12-14
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Ian Humphrey avatar
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Shared by: Ian Humphrey on Nov, 2015
Summary: The Importance of the Blood
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Shared by: Chris Jordan on Nov, 2015
Summary: In the story of Moses and the Exodus from Egypt, we see a beautiful picture of Jesus as our Passover lamb, who shed his blood so that we could be saved and delivered.
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Summary: The significance of God’s sovereign plan of salvation as revealed in the Old Testament, which is fulfilled by Jesus Christ in the New Testament. In this lesson, we will learn who Jesus is, as a Perfect Redeemer who became a Passover lamb.
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Shared by: John McCormack on Jul, 2015
Scripture: Exodus 12:23-32
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Views: 232
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Summary: 150 years Memorial Day was initiated after the Civil War. But Americans have difficulty remembering when this special day began and why its important to our nation. But 3400 years ago, God initiated His own "Memorial Day". Do you know when & why it began?
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Shared by: Tesh Njokanma on Apr, 2015
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Shared by: James Ledbetter on Mar, 2015
Summary: Why are churches taking down their crosses?
Scripture: Exodus 12:1-8
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Shared by: Ed Sasnett on Apr, 2014
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Shared by: Tom Feola on Apr, 2014
Summary: Jesus is our Passover Lamb. He is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin's of the world.
Dr. Larry  Petton avatar
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Shared by: Dr. Larry Petton on Feb, 2014
Summary: The Passover feast in Exodus 12 is one of the clearest pictures of Christ, the Lamb of God. Here are eight great parallels between the lamb and the Lord.
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Shared by: Pastor Jeff Hughes on Jan, 2014
Summary: "She did not live much longer in mortal form after she was saved, but she will live forever in the arms of Jesus. The blood transfusions she received helped to prolong her life here for a while; but the blood of Jesus Christ, was forever."
Scripture: Exodus 12:1-13
Denomination: Bible Church
Views: 1,691
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Shared by: Gordon Weatherby on Dec, 2013
Summary: The Jewish Passover was instituted on the night Israel was released from Egyptian bondage. God had decreed that to be the Jewish New Year. As Christians we can learn from what God had given to the Jewish People for our own New Year celebrations.
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Scripture: Exodus 12:1-14
Views: 1,612
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Shared by: Jim McCutchen on Oct, 2013
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