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Exodus 28 - NIV

The Priestly Garments

1 “Have Aaron your brother brought to you from among the Israelites, along with his sons Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, so they may serve me as priests.

2 Make sacred garments for your brother Aaron to give him dignity and honor.

3 Tell all the skilled workers to whom I have given wisdom in such matters that they are to make garments for Aaron, for his consecration, so he may serve me as priest.

4 These are the garments they are to make: a breastpiece, an ephod, a robe, a woven tunic, a turban and a sash. They are to make these sacred garments for your brother Aaron and his sons, so they may serve me as priests.

5 Have them use gold, and blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and fine linen.

The Ephod

6 “Make the ephod of gold, and of blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and of finely twisted linen—the work of skilled hands.

7 It is to have two shoulder pieces attached to two of its corners, so it can be fastened.

8 Its skillfully woven waistband is to be like it—of one piece with the ephod and made with gold, and with blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and with finely twisted linen.

9 “Take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel

10 in the order of their birth—six names on one stone and the remaining six on the other.

11 Engrave the names of the sons of Israel on the two stones the way a gem cutter engraves a seal. Then mount the stones in gold filigree settings

12 and fasten them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Israel. Aaron is to bear the names on his shoulders as a memorial before the Lord.

13 Make gold filigree settings

14 and two braided chains of pure gold, like a rope, and attach the chains to the settings.

The Breastpiece

15 “Fashion a breastpiece for making decisions—the work of skilled hands. Make it like the ephod: of gold, and of blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and of finely twisted linen.

16 It is to be square—a span[a] long and a span wide—and folded double.

17 Then mount four rows of precious stones on it. The first row shall be carnelian, chrysolite and beryl;

18 the second row shall be turquoise, lapis lazuli and emerald;

19 the third row shall be jacinth, agate and amethyst;

20 the fourth row shall be topaz, onyx and jasper.[b] Mount them in gold filigree settings.

21 There are to be twelve stones, one for each of the names of the sons of Israel, each engraved like a seal with the name of one of the twelve tribes.

22 “For the breastpiece make braided chains of pure gold, like a rope.

23 Make two gold rings for it and fasten them to two corners of the breastpiece.

24 Fasten the two gold chains to the rings at the corners of the breastpiece,

25 and the other ends of the chains to the two settings, attaching them to the shoulder pieces of the ephod at the front.

26 Make two gold rings and attach them to the other two corners of the breastpiece on the inside edge next to the ephod.

27 Make two more gold rings and attach them to the bottom of the shoulder pieces on the front of the ephod, close to the seam just above the waistband of the ephod.

28 The rings of the breastpiece are to be tied to the rings of the ephod with blue cord, connecting it to the waistband, so that the breastpiece will not swing out from the ephod.

29 “Whenever Aaron enters the Holy Place, he will bear the names of the sons of Israel over his heart on the breastpiece of decision as a continuing memorial before the Lord.

30 Also put the Urim and the Thummim in the breastpiece, so they may be over Aaron’s heart whenever he enters the presence of the Lord. Thus Aaron will always bear the means of making decisions for the Israelites over his heart before the Lord.

Other Priestly Garments

31 “Make the robe of the ephod entirely of blue cloth,

32 with an opening for the head in its center. There shall be a woven edge like a collar[c] around this opening, so that it will not tear.

33 Make pomegranates of blue, purple and scarlet yarn around the hem of the robe, with gold bells between them.

34 The gold bells and the pomegranates are to alternate around the hem of the robe.

35 Aaron must wear it when he ministers. The sound of the bells will be heard when he enters the Holy Place before the Lord and when he comes out, so that he will not die.

36 “Make a plate of pure gold and engrave on it as on a seal: holy to the Lord .

37 Fasten a blue cord to it to attach it to the turban; it is to be on the front of the turban.

38 It will be on Aaron’s forehead, and he will bear the guilt involved in the sacred gifts the Israelites consecrate, whatever their gifts may be. It will be on Aaron’s forehead continually so that they will be acceptable to the Lord.

39 “Weave the tunic of fine linen and make the turban of fine linen. The sash is to be the work of an embroiderer.

40 Make tunics, sashes and caps for Aaron’s sons to give them dignity and honor.

41 After you put these clothes on your brother Aaron and his sons, anoint and ordain them. Consecrate them so they may serve me as priests.

42 “Make linen undergarments as a covering for the body, reaching from the waist to the thigh.

43 Aaron and his sons must wear them whenever they enter the tent of meeting or approach the altar to minister in the Holy Place, so that they will not incur guilt and die.
“This is to be a lasting ordinance for Aaron and his descendants.


Footnotes

a. Exodus 28:16 That is, about 9 inches or about 23 centimeters
b. Exodus 28:20 The precise identification of some of these precious stones is uncertain.
c. Exodus 28:32 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.


Sermons on Exodus 28 More sermons: Exodus 28

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A Fit Man - A Study of the Garments of Aaron - The Linen Breeches
Shared by: Philip Harrelson on Apr, 2014
Summary: A look at the linen breeches worn by the Aaronic priesthood and its relation to the NT saint.
Series: A Fit Man
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Scripture: Exodus 28:1-8
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Shared by: Philip Harrelson on Apr, 2014
Summary: The significance of Aaron's linen coat and its connection to the NT saint.
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Scripture: Exodus 28:1-8
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Philip Harrelson avatar
A Fit Man - A Study of the Garments of Aaron - The Mitre and Bonnet
Shared by: Philip Harrelson on Apr, 2014
Summary: The symbol of Aaron's mitre and bonnet hold great truths for the NT believer.
Series: A Fit Man
based on 1 rating
Scripture: Exodus 28:1-3
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A Fit Man - A Study of the Garments of Aaron - The Robe of the Ephod
Shared by: Philip Harrelson on Apr, 2014
Summary: Aaron's robe of the ephod is important to understand and how clear the type is for the NT saint of God.
Series: A Fit Man
based on 1 rating
Scripture: Exodus 28:1-3
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A Fit Man - A Study of the Garments of Aaron - The Ephod
Shared by: Philip Harrelson on Apr, 2014
Summary: Aaron's ephod held meaning for worship in the Tabernacle as it does for us today in the NT church.
Series: A Fit Man
based on 1 rating
Scripture: Exodus 28:1-3
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bala samson avatar
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Shared by: bala samson on Jun, 2013
Summary: A person passionate and burning to see His Face would throw away everything for the experience!
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David Simpson avatar
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Shared by: David Simpson on Jan, 2013
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Scripture: Exodus 28:29
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Shared by: Antonio Silveira on Mar, 2012
Summary: The Breastplate wasn’t just an apron but in fact it was a bag containing two items inside, Urim and Thummim. . There are several theories about the meaning of the 12 stones. Though it’s obvious that the stones are connected with the 12 tribes of Israel th
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Jason Bonnicksen avatar
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Shared by: Jason Bonnicksen on May, 2011
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Scripture: Exodus 28:8-20:11
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David Elvery avatar
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Shared by: David Elvery on May, 2009
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Brian Buriff avatar
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Shared by: Brian Buriff on Mar, 2007
Summary: What every Christian should wear to church...or any other time in their sacred approach to God through worship, prayer, bible study and their devotions.
based on 13 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 28:15-30
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James May avatar
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Shared by: James May on Apr, 2006
Summary: #14 in the Series on the Tabernacle in the Wilderness dealing with the Garments of the High Priest. Before we can go into the presence of God beyond the veil we must make sure that we are clothed in the right garments.
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Brad Lewis avatar
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Shared by: Brad Lewis on Feb, 2006
Summary: Considers why God wanted Aaron and his sons to wear the priestly garments.
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Scripture: Exodus 28:1-43
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Johann Neethling avatar
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Shared by: Johann Neethling on Nov, 2005
Summary: Three uses of bells - to call us to Worship, to Warn us of danger, and proclaim something Wonderful. Sermon delivered on the occasion of a visiting church bell choir.
based on 24 ratings
Scripture: Exodus 28:33-35
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Joseph Smith avatar
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Shared by: Joseph Smith on Apr, 2004
Summary: For our Remembrance Sunday, when we recall church members deceased during the past year. Memories that are all positive or all positive leave judgment on our hearts. The gospel means that we learn and rejoice from them, but recognize that their lives we
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James May avatar
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Shared by: James May on Sep, 2003
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Bruce Landry avatar
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Shared by: Bruce Landry on Mar, 2003
Summary: God this week selects Aaron and his sons to be the High Priest of the Nation of Israel, let’s look at the clothing requirements and what they represent.
Series: Exodus 28
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Scripture: Exodus 28:1-43
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Jimmy Stewart avatar
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Shared by: Jimmy Stewart on Jan, 2003
Summary: In part 2 of this series, we look at the high priest of the tabernacle.
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Scripture: Exodus 28:1
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Curtis Kittrell avatar
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Shared by: Curtis Kittrell on Jun, 2002
Summary: Only the priests in Israel were qualified to make the sacrifices required from those who approached God. The New Testament teaching that every believer is a priest (1 Peter 2:9) makes these chapters dealing with Israel’s priesthood especially significant.
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Jeffrey Dillinger avatar
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Shared by: Jeffrey Dillinger on Dec, 2001
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James Groce avatar
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Shared by: James Groce on Oct, 2001
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based on 14 ratings
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Views: 961