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John Piper: 6 Reasons the Son of God Came Into the World

John Piper more from this author »

Desiring God

Date Published: 12/21/2012
There are at least six Biblical "witnesses" to the Incarnation. Do you know them?

Last night some time before 9:00, little Eric Larson, Glen and Patty's almost-two-year-old, died in his crib. At Children's Hospital in St. Paul we sat stunned as Perrin held him and Sara held him and grandparents held him and mom and dad held him. One of the things Patty said through her tears was, "How do people bear it who have no hope?"

As I was leaving later I passed through the lobby at United, and down the hall I heard a person sobbing great heaving sobs and saw two people in each other's arms. And I wondered, "Do they have hope?" You can't tell from the sobs. The hopeful and the hopeless both sob when someone precious is amputated from your life. The difference is mainly on the inside, and then how you live.

The Crucial Question Faced Every Christmas 

Now I realize that there have been very sophisticated attempts to show that statements like Patty's are not based on the reality of God outside of us, but are the basis of the creation of the idea of God inside of us. In other words people like the German philosopher Ludwig Feuerbach said in 1841 that God is not a reality outside of us that we can trust and obey; instead he is a projection of our own needs onto reality.

God does not create us, we create God. It's precisely because we feel what Patty felt that people are forced to create a God to believe in — the loss of a child would be unbearable without hope in an afterlife. And so over time God is created to sustain that hope. He has no other reality than we create for him.

That is the question every one of us faces every Christmas. Is this story of the Son of God coming as a human, born of a virgin, living a life of sinless love, and dying for sinners that all who believe might have eternal life — is this story a creation of human imagination because we need it to be true? Or is it true, and therefore we need to believe it?

Is Patty's viewpoint — that death is bearable because there is hope — the impulse for creating an imaginary Christmas story? Or is that viewpoint an impulse created by the reality of the Christmas story? The answer to that question is more important than anything you will think about this Christmas — or for that matter, all the rest of your life. Does our sense of need — for God and forgiveness and help and hope — cause us to create God? Or do we have all those needs because we were in fact created by God and have rebelled against him?

The Self-Authenticating Power of Scripture 

One of the ways to go about answering that question this morning is to listen patiently to the different testimonies from the Bible about why the Son of God came into the world. You see, I believe this book is inspired by God and is therefore very powerful to vindicate its own truthfulness. It is like a two-edged sword that penetrates to the division of bone and marrow.

And when people give it a chance, the result is often that not believing what it says becomes a moral impossibility. Its testimonies are too penetrating, its witnesses too diverse, its insights too high, its vision of divine things too wonderful, its authority too compelling, its love too rare, its Savior too radical that it should be the mere creation of sinful men.

Six Reasons for Jesus' Coming 

So I want to let six of the witnesses speak and testify to why the Son of God came into the world. The witnesses are Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Paul, and the writer to the Hebrews. The answers they give are six reasons for Jesus' coming:

  1. to ransom many, 
  2. to call sinners,
  3. to give sight to the morally blind, 
  4. to divide households, 
  5. to save from divine condemnation, and 
  6. to give eternal life. 

Are these imaginary acts dreamed up because of our need? Or do they fit our needs because they are true? You must decide.

Let's take these reasons for Christ's coming one at a time and just let the Bible witness to each one in its own words.

1. He came as a ransom for many.

Mark 10:45, "The Son of Man came not to be served but to serve and to give his life as a ransom for many."

The reason we need a ransom to be paid for us is that we have sold ourselves into sin and have been alienated from a holy God. When Jesus gave his life as a ransom, our slavemasters, sin and death and the devil, had to give up their claim on us. And the result was that we could be adopted into the family of God.

Paul put it like this in Galatians 4:4–5, "When the time had fully come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law so that we might receive adoption as sons." In other words the redemption or the ransom frees us to be a part of God's family. We had run away and sold ourselves into slavery. But God pays a ransom and redeems us out of slavery into the Father's house.

To do that, God's Son had to become a human being so that he could suffer and die in our place to pay the ransom. That is the meaning of Christmas. Hebrews 2:14 puts it like this, "Since the children share in flesh and blood, he himself likewise partook of the same nature that through death he might destroy him who has the power of death." In other words, the reason Christ took on human flesh was so that he could die and in dying pay a ransom and free us from the power of death.

Is this an elaborate creation of desperate human imagination, or is it God's exact provision for our need?

2. He came to call sinners to repentance.

Luke 5:31–32, "Jesus said to them, 'Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick; I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.'"

Jesus came to call sinners to repentance. First, there needed to be a ransom to be paid for sinners. Then, there could be a successful call to sinners. The call is based on the ransom. And Jesus says he came for both of these things.

He does not leave the ransoming or the calling to others. He ransoms and he calls. Even today he is calling through the Bible and through the preaching of the Bible. He is calling this morning.

That is the meaning of Christmas. He came to call sinners.

3. He came to give sight to the morally blind.

John 9:39, "Jesus said, 'For judgment I came into this world, that those who do not see may see.'" And John 12:46, "I have come as light into the world, that whoever believes in me might not remain in darkness."

Jesus did not merely come to ransom and to call, he also came to open people's eyes so that they can see the light and walk in it. Our problem is not just slavery needing a ransom, and lostness needing a call; our problem is also moral blindness, needing the gift of sight. We are simply blind to some spiritual realities that are utterly crucial to see and embrace.

This is why Christ came: that those who do not see may see. This is the meaning of Christmas.

4. Christ came to divide households.

Matthew 10:34, "Do not think that I have come to bring peace on earth; I have not come to bring peace, but a sword. For I have come to set a man against his father, and a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law, and a man's foes will be those of his own household."

The point of this word is not that God loves division and strife. The point is that strife and division caused by true allegiance to Jesus are better than no strife and division with no allegiance to Jesus. The point is that when a person is ransomed and called and given sight, something really radical happens to them.

They see everything differently with that new sight, and they have a new master because of that sovereign call, and they are wonderfully free from fear and guilt because of that sufficient ransom. And so they think differently and feel things differently and act differently. And for some in the family, that can be very threatening, and so tension develops. For this Jesus came into the world. That too is the meaning of Christmas.

5. He came to save from divine condemnation.

John 3:17–18, "For God sent not the Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through him might be saved. He who believes in him is not condemned, but he who does not believe is condemned already."

God sent his Son to save us from his own just condemnation and wrath. The need for salvation implies that there is a danger we need to be saved from. That danger is sin and death and the devil. But the most serious danger of all is the danger of the condemnation of God. If God is for us, then sin and death and the devil will fail to destroy us. But if God is against us, then nothing can save us.

Christmas, the coming of Jesus, is God's way of being for us — if we will believe. "He who believes is not condemned, but he who does not believe is condemned already."

6. He came to give us eternal life.

John 3:16, "For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes on him should not perish, but have everlasting life."

Christmas means that God sent his Son so that we could believe and have eternal life. 

This is what Patty was talking about when she said last night, with her dead child in her arms, "How do people bear it who have no hope?" The hope she meant was eternal life. And that life is the gift of God through Jesus Christ.


John Piper

John Piper is the Pastor for Preaching at Bethlehem Baptist Church in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He grew up in Greenville, South Carolina, and studied at Wheaton College, where he first sensed God's call to enter the ministry. He went on to earn degrees from Fuller Theological Seminary and the University of Munich. For six years he taught Biblical Studies at Bethel College in St. Paul, Minnesota, and in 1980 accepted the call to serve as pastor at Bethlehem. John is the author of more than 30 books, and more than 25 years of his preaching and teaching is available free at desiringGod.org. John and his wife, Noel, have four sons, one daughter, and an increasing number of grandchildren. 

Robert Camper
December 29, 2012
I think the image of the message was missed from being too close to the mirrow. Great word! [delete comment]
Kerri Peden
December 21, 2012
Accidentally 'reported' comment. Intended to point out the statement from Piper that 'we create God'. I think I understand the point Piper made but Dan Goddard said it best! [delete comment]
Jason Cardwell of Eastern Heights Baptist Church
December 21, 2012
Brother Piper actually has a book published called Fifty Reasons Why Jesus Came to Die, so I think he would agree this was not an exhaustive study, but a message crafted to respond to a particular kind of question. [delete comment]
Pastor Dennis West
December 21, 2012
He didn't say these six were the only ones......It is a Good sermon.Thank you for it Brother. D.J. West, Pastor Broken Spoke Biker Church Pollocksville, NC [delete comment]
Fred Gurule
December 21, 2012
He also came to: Destory the Devil, Defeat Sin, Conquer the Death [delete comment]
Dan Goddard
December 21, 2012
Although I appreciate John Piper very much as a pastor, preacher, teacher, theologian, etc... I believe we so often miss the primary objective from the God side of things. When we present the purpose of God's Son coming into the world as these very true reasons they still fall short - to ransom many, to call sinners, to give sight to the morally blind, to divide households, to save from divine condemnation, and to give eternal life. The primary reason including these and not from the man's side of things is so God could have a relationship with someone like Himself... as man (male and female) was/were created in His image for this very purpose. Without this being the primary focus of His birth we only see things for the selfish perspective. Man's side of things. Reason #1 as in the beginning "So God could have a relationship with man". Did John Piper say this? Yes maybe indirectly... BUT without saying it directly with emphasis. We can miss something so wonderfully beautiful about the why. Food For Thought... Pastor Dan Goddard, Martha's Chapel, Deville, LA [delete comment]
Edson Siwella
December 21, 2012
Six reasonsfor the coming of the Lord seem, well, OK. Not exhaustive, no. But there are many others. Howa baout the whole area of spiritual warfare which the Lord accomplished here on earth (1Jn 3:8) and the idea of gathering the sheep (Ezekiel 34) and building a body (a Church) here on earth . . [delete comment]

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