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I remember when I was growing up the father of my best friend, Bob Tucker, knew he was going to die. I remember sitting in his living room and listening to him - knowing that this would be the last time I ever saw him. He passed on wisdom to me - the idea of not holding back, and of caring for my loved ones - that shaped my future.
In the last three chapters of Genesis we have the accounts of the deaths of Jacob and Joseph. Jacob has felt he was close to death several times - especially while his sons were dealing with Joseph in chapters 42-45. But that was mostly rhetoric "you will bring my grey head down to the grave" and that sort of thing. Now he realizes it is time - so he does a couple of things - he sets the order of his sons - who gets the rights of the firstborn - and he gives prophecies to the family.
Jacob really told it like it was for his boys - nailed their character and the future of those they would give birth to. Yet for at least one of the sons - what was a pretty bad character had been transformed - and it shows in the blessing given to him - Judah - who would be the progenitor of the Messiah.
In this we learn that God can so modify us that what looks like a bad end turns out good, when He gets a hold of us.
Verses 1 - 4
Jacob was 147 years old.
Luz was Bethel - some 70 years before. Thatís the thing that Jacob remembers - not the adventures or the triumphs or the tragedies - but when he gave his life to God.
Verse 5 - 6
Manasseh and Ephraim were Ĺ Egyptian - they looked different.
These two were adopted by Jacob - no paperwork needed. They were elevated to the level of patriarch.
What we miss in the NIV here is that Manasseh and Ephraim are actually replacing Reuben and Simeon. A literal translation reads: "like Reuben and Simeon they will be to me." They have now become the first born and get the shares allotted to Reuben and Simeon.
Why is this here? Well - it may be that it is legal justification for the adoption. Since Rachelís line was cut short prematurely, the production of her offspring could be shown to be Jacobís - thus Ephraim and Manasseh fulfill that law.
Verses 8 - 14
Jacob knew what he was doing - crossing his hands over to make the younger get the blessing.
Verses 15 - 16 The blessing to Ephraim and Manasseh
These guys are 20 years old. What Jacob is saying is: "God who watched over me and delivered me through His angel will bless your sons."
Verses 17 - 20
It became proverbial - if you are really blessed of God you are like Ephraim and Manasseh.
This is like what happened with Jacob stealing the blessing from Esau. This was no trick - God says "just like with you and your brother Iím not doing things the way they seem to be done. But you donít have to manipulate this time to get it done."
Jacob says "Iím going to do it the way God wants me to."
God blesses by covenant not by human custom. Weíre famous for saying we think we know what God should do - and weíre famous for being wrong.
Thatís why there is no tribe of Joseph. He got two
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