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Bible study is very important for all believers. It is the very means by which you are equipped for Godís work. It is not just for those called to vocational ministry but for all believers. 2 Timothy 2:15 says, "Be diligent to present yourself approved to God, a worker who does not need to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth."
How does one go about "rightly dividing the word of truth?" Letís find out as we learn where Bible study begins and how to study the Bible.
Where Bible Study Begins
It begins with a preparation and a proper perspective. When we come to Godís Word we must see it as it is ó Godís holy, infallible, inerrant, inspired Word. Itís Godís Word!
How to Study the Bible
Once you have adequately prepared yourself for study by prayer and confession of sin, you must begin now with the basics.
You Must Read the Bible ("What does the Bible say?")
Jerry Vines said, "An unread Bible is like food uneaten, a love letter never read, a buried sword, a road map unstudied, gold never mined" (A Practical Guide to Sermon Preparation, p.69).
Richard Moulton said, "We have done almost everything that is possible with these Hebrew and Greek writings. We have overlaid them, clause by clause, with exhaustive commentaries; we have translated them, revised the translations, and quarrelled over the revisions...There is yet one thing left to do with the Bible: simply read it" (Cited by Vines, p.69).
Now that you have established a priority of reading the Bible. You must now:
Interpret the Bible ("What does the Bible Mean?")
The ultimate task in interpretation is to "discover why the author wrote what he wrote."
In doing that you must discover "the original meaning intended by the author" (Han Finzel, Unlocking the Scriptures, p.65).
To help with finding the original meaning intended by the author, you must:
Understand the problems. There are gaps that must be bridged like language, history, culture, and geography.
To help you bridge these gaps you need to be familiar with a few important principles:
1. Remember that context rules
2. Always seek the full counsel of the Word of God
3. Remember that Scripture will never contradict Scripture
4. Do not base your doctrine on an obscure passage of Scripture
5. Interpret Scripture literally
6. Check your conclusions by using reliable commentaries
Now that you are familiar with the principles you need to follow a particular procedure:
1. Ask specific questions (who, what, where, when, why) Who? (the characters), The writer, The recipients, The characters involved in the action, The characters not directly involved in the action,
Special people addressed in the passage. What? (the key truths or events), Key ideas, Theological terms, Key events, Important words, Figures of speech, Atmosphere. Where? (the geography and location), Places mentioned, Buildings, Cities, Nations, Landmarks. When? (the time factors), Date of authorship, Duration of the action, When in the church age, When in the life of Israel, Past, present, or future? Why? (the purpose of the passage or book)
"The answers to who, what, where, when, and why can be found by looking in these four places, in the order stated: content of the passage/book; context of the passage; comparison; with other Scriptures; consultation with resource books" (Finzel,
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