Isaiah 64:1–9 Oh, that You would rend the heavens and come down, That the mountains might quake at Your presence — 64:2 As fire kindles the brushwood, as fire causes water to boil — To make Your name known to Your adversaries, That the nations may tremble at Your presence! 64:3 When You did awesome things which we did not expect, You came down, the mountains quaked at Your presence. 64:4 For from days of old they have not heard or perceived by ear, Nor has the eye seen a God besides You, Who acts in behalf of the one who waits for Him. 64:5 You meet him who rejoices in doing righteousness, Who remembers You in Your ways. Behold, You were angry, for we sinned, We continued in them a long time; And shall we be saved? 64:6 For all of us have become like one who is unclean, And all our righteous deeds are like a filthy garment; And all of us wither like a leaf, And our iniquities, like the wind, take us away. 64:7 There is no one who calls on Your name, Who arouses himself to take hold of You; For You have hidden Your face from us And have delivered us into the power of our iniquities. 64:8 But now, O LORD, You are our Father, We are the clay, and You our potter; And all of us are the work of Your hand. 64:9 Do not be angry beyond measure, O LORD, Nor remember iniquity forever; Behold, look now, all of us are Your people.

1) The Community Longing for Advent. This text is a (prophetic) prayer of the Remnant of Israel/Judah (in the exile). It is set in a time when, “the Sanctuary” has been “trodden down” by adversaries (63:18). Thus, these longings for the Advent of God were set during those days after the Babylonian Exile, after the Temple and Jerusalem lay in ruins, calling on God for deliverance and restoration. Destruction often precedes deliverance.

2) The Collect Longing for Advent. A “Collect” a liturgical action and a short, general prayer which "collects" the prayers of people in a unified petition.
This collect-prayer or plea begins in Is. 63:15: “Look down from heaven and see from Your holy and glorious habitation.” “For You are our Father, though Abraham does not know us” (63:16). It is an example of a central theme in Is. 40-66 in calling for the Covenant Lord to “Return for the sake of Your servants and heritage...” to Zion (63:17). The lament is that “We have become like those over whom You have never ruled” (63:19). The second plea to “come down” arises in chapter 64 v1. God is implored to open up the heavens and come down as in the past (Sinai) when “You came down, the mountains quaked at Your presence” (64:3), when He gave revelation and purpose to His people. Prayer precedes deliverance.

3) The Confirmation of Those Longing for Advent. God fulfills His covenant promises but not in an unqualified way. There is confirmation for the pleading remnant: “You meet him who rejoices in doing righteousness,