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“Do unto others what you would have them do to you” (Matthew 7:12). Critics point out that this statement did not originate with Jesus. It had been around for centuries, as far back as the Code of Hammurabi, 1780 BC. It wasn’t called the “Golden Rule” until the late 1600’s. Nearly every world religion has some form of this rule. As a teacher, Jesus often reminded his audience of truth; all truth is God’s truth. This wasn’t a new concept but an old truism that needed reinforcing.
Notice the context: Jesus has just been talking about prayer, how God generously blesses us in spite of our sin, even though we hardly deserve His favor. We’re to take that same grace and extend it to others. Do you want mercy? Then be merciful. In fact, make a list of ways you like to be treated…then make that list your plan for how you treat others.
What is unique about the version Jesus presented is how He turned this notion around from passive to active. The Golden Rule, prior to Jesus stated: “Do not treat others in ways you would not like to be treated.” In other words, discover what brings you pain and resolve not to inflict such pain on anyone else. This was the form the rule had until Jesus, who gave it a positive focus--that of proactively seeking good for others, not merely avoiding harm. Saying “I haven’t hurt anybody” isn’t enough. Have you helped anybody? It is relatively easy to not hurt others, yet much more challenging to find ways to help others.
Passive faith doesn’t meet God’s standard. Bring up the nasty subject of sin and people will claim, “Hey, I’m not such a bad person; I haven’t killed anyone or robbed any banks.” OK, but what have you done? It’s not enough to avoid wrong-doing; what positive things are you accomplishing? “What on Earth are you doing for Heaven’s sake?” Our Lord’s version of the Golden Rule expects more than passive compliance; it expects active obedience. The pious (self-righteous) religious leaders felt confident in their conduct because they hadn’t murdered or robbed anyone…then Jesus explained that the spirit/intent of the Law of God includes hatred and coveting, which nearly everyone is guilty of.
The Golden Rule is best seen as a guiding principle of consistent fairness; a standard of beneficence, kindness, compassion, and mercy. If we live the Golden Rule, we're following a standard of concern for others which lies at the core of ethical conduct.
A companion principle is to “love your neighbor as yourself” (Lev 19:18),
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