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All the charismatic gifts are divinely bestowed powers or endowments that enable the church to function as the body of Christ during this present age. They are not intended to go beyond it.
In verses 9 and 10 are the explanations for why earthly spiritual gifts will cease. For we know in part and we prophesy in part; but when the perfect comes, the partial will be done away.
Paul’s first emphasis is the incompleteness of knowledge and prophecy. Those gifts mentioned are representative of all gifts indicating all spiritual gifts will one day be done away with. The word parts is plural and emphatic. Its meaning is a little here, a little there. At best, even the most gifted and wisest of us have a fragmentary understanding of God and Christ and the gospel. We know and can say so little concerning the conditions of life that are to come. Our preaching and knowledge give only glimpses of the heavenly reality.
Notice Paul says we including even the apostles. They too knew in part and prophesied in part. Scripture is full of references to the unfathomable and unsearchableness of God. [For example:1 Cor. 8:2, Job 11:7-9, 26:14, Ps. 40:5; Rom. 11:33-34, Isa 55:8-9.] Knowing Christ better was Paul’s supreme purpose and joy in life, yet even near the end of his life he insisted. “Not that I have already obtained it, or have already become perfect, but I press on in order that I may lay hold of that for which I also was laid hold of by Christ Jesus (Phil 3:8,12).
Paul said that when the perfect comes the partial will be done away. In the ‘perfection’ of eternity, all that is ‘in part’ now will be ‘abolished’. The need and the opportunity for the exercise of these ‘gifts’, even the highest of them, will have passed. Even prophecy and knowledge lift only a corner of the veil which covers the plan of God and its final accomplishment. When all mysteries are disclosed in the full light of heaven, what need have we of earthly glimpses?
Just what and when is the perfect (ôü ôÝëåéïí-the complete ultimate perfect, without defect when used of animals) that is to come? The perfect that is to come is the eternal heavenly state of believers. This allows for the continuation of knowledge and prophecy during the present, the tribulation and the millennial reign. (Kataregeo means to be abolished completely and finally). The point is that spiritual gifts are only for time but that love will last for all eternity. When we see Christ “face to face” we will be glorified, we will become like Him (Rev. 21:23; 1 Cor. 13:12).
“The eternal state began for Old Testament believers at the first resurrection, when they were raised to be with Him forever (Dan. 12:2). For Christians the eternal state begins either at death, when they go to be with the Lord, or at the rapture, when the Lord takes
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