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Proverbs 16:1-31:1

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1To humans belong the plans of the heart, but from the LORD comes the proper answer of the tongue.

2All a person’s ways seem pure to them, but motives are weighed by the LORD .

3Commit to the LORD whatever you do, and he will establish your plans.

4The LORD works out everything to its proper end— even the wicked for a day of disaster.

5The LORD detests all the proud of heart. Be sure of this: They will not go unpunished.

6Through love and faithfulness sin is atoned for; through the fear of the LORD evil is avoided.

7When the LORD takes pleasure in anyone’s way, he causes their enemies to make peace with them.

8Better a little with righteousness than much gain with injustice.

9In their hearts humans plan their course, but the LORD establishes their steps.

10The lips of a king speak as an oracle, and his mouth does not betray justice.

11Honest scales and balances belong to the LORD ; all the weights in the bag are of his making.

12Kings detest wrongdoing, for a throne is established through righteousness.

13Kings take pleasure in honest lips; they value the one who speaks what is right.

14A king’s wrath is a messenger of death, but the wise will appease it.

15When a king’s face brightens, it means life; his favor is like a rain cloud in spring.

16How much better to get wisdom than gold, to get insight rather than silver!

17The highway of the upright avoids evil; those who guard their ways preserve their lives.

18Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall.

19Better to be lowly in spirit along with the oppressed than to share plunder with the proud.

20Whoever gives heed to instruction prospers, Or whoever speaks prudently finds what is good and blessed is the one who trusts in the LORD .

21The wise in heart are called discerning, and gracious words promote instruction. Or words make a person persuasive

22Prudence is a fountain of life to the prudent, but folly brings punishment to fools.

23The hearts of the wise make their mouths prudent, and their lips promote instruction. Or prudent / and make their lips persuasive

24Gracious words are a honeycomb, sweet to the soul and healing to the bones.

25There is a way that appears to be right, but in the end it leads to death.

26The appetite of laborers works for them; their hunger drives them on.

27A scoundrel plots evil, and on their lips it is like a scorching fire.

28A perverse person stirs up conflict, and a gossip separates close friends.

29A violent person entices their neighbor and leads them down a path that is not good.

30Whoever winks with their eye is plotting perversity; whoever purses their lips is bent on evil.

31Gray hair is a crown of splendor; it is attained in the way of righteousness.

32Better a patient person than a warrior, one with self-control than one who takes a city. 33The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the LORD .

1Better a dry crust with peace and quiet than a house full of feasting, with strife.

2A prudent servant will rule over a disgraceful son and will share the inheritance as one of the family.

3The crucible for silver and the furnace for gold, but the LORD tests the heart.

4A wicked person listens to deceitful lips; a liar pays attention to a destructive tongue.

5Whoever mocks the poor shows contempt for their Maker; whoever gloats over disaster will not go unpunished.

6Children’s children are a crown to the aged, and parents are the pride of their children.

7Eloquent lips are unsuited to a godless fool— how much worse lying lips to a ruler!

8A bribe is seen as a charm by the one who gives it; they think success will come at every turn.

9Whoever would foster love covers over an offense, but whoever repeats the matter separates close friends.

10A rebuke impresses a discerning person more than a hundred lashes a fool.

11Evildoers foster rebellion against God; the messenger of death will be sent against them.

12Better to meet a bear robbed of her cubs than a fool bent on folly.

13Evil will never leave the house of one who pays back evil for good.

14Starting a quarrel is like breaching a dam; so drop the matter before a dispute breaks out.

15Acquitting the guilty and condemning the innocent— the LORD detests them both.

16Why should fools have money in hand to buy wisdom, when they are not able to understand it?

17A friend loves at all times, and a brother is born for a time of adversity.

18One who has no sense shakes hands in pledge and puts up security for a neighbor.

19Whoever loves a quarrel loves sin; whoever builds a high gate invites destruction.

20One whose heart is corrupt does not prosper; one whose tongue is perverse falls into trouble.

21To have a fool for a child brings grief; there is no joy for the parent of a godless fool.

22A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones.

23The wicked accept bribes in secret to pervert the course of justice.

24A discerning person keeps wisdom in view, but a fool’s eyes wander to the ends of the earth.

25A foolish son brings grief to his father and bitterness to the mother who bore him.

26If imposing a fine on the innocent is not good, surely to flog honest officials is not right.

27The one who has knowledge uses words with restraint, and whoever has understanding is even-tempered. 28Even fools are thought wise if they keep silent, and discerning if they hold their tongues.

1An unfriendly person pursues selfish ends and against all sound judgment starts quarrels.

2Fools find no pleasure in understanding but delight in airing their own opinions.

3When wickedness comes, so does contempt, and with shame comes reproach.

4The words of the mouth are deep waters, but the fountain of wisdom is a rushing stream.

5It is not good to be partial to the wicked and so deprive the innocent of justice.

6The lips of fools bring them strife, and their mouths invite a beating.

7The mouths of fools are their undoing, and their lips are a snare to their very lives.

8The words of a gossip are like choice morsels; they go down to the inmost parts.

9One who is slack in his work is brother to one who destroys.

10The name of the LORD is a fortified tower; the righteous run to it and are safe.

11The wealth of the rich is their fortified city; they imagine it a wall too high to scale.

12Before a downfall the heart is haughty, but humility comes before honor.

13To answer before listening— that is folly and shame.

14The human spirit can endure in sickness, but a crushed spirit who can bear?

15The heart of the discerning acquires knowledge, for the ears of the wise seek it out.

16A gift opens the way and ushers the giver into the presence of the great.

17In a lawsuit the first to speak seems right, until someone comes forward and cross-examines.

18Casting the lot settles disputes and keeps strong opponents apart.

19A brother wronged is more unyielding than a fortified city; disputes are like the barred gates of a citadel.

20From the fruit of their mouth a person’s stomach is filled; with the harvest of their lips they are satisfied.

21The tongue has the power of life and death, and those who love it will eat its fruit.

22He who finds a wife finds what is good and receives favor from the LORD .

23The poor plead for mercy, but the rich answer harshly. 24One who has unreliable friends soon comes to ruin, but there is a friend who sticks closer than a brother.

1Better the poor whose walk is blameless than a fool whose lips are perverse.

2Desire without knowledge is not good— how much more will hasty feet miss the way!

3A person’s own folly leads to their ruin, yet their heart rages against the LORD .

4Wealth attracts many friends, but even the closest friend of the poor person deserts them.

5A false witness will not go unpunished, and whoever pours out lies will not go free.

6Many curry favor with a ruler, and everyone is the friend of one who gives gifts.

7The poor are shunned by all their relatives— how much more do their friends avoid them! Though the poor pursue them with pleading, they are nowhere to be found. The meaning of the Hebrew for this sentence is uncertain.

8The one who gets wisdom loves life; the one who cherishes understanding will soon prosper.

9A false witness will not go unpunished, and whoever pours out lies will perish.

10It is not fitting for a fool to live in luxury— how much worse for a slave to rule over princes!

11A person’s wisdom yields patience; it is to one’s glory to overlook an offense.

12A king’s rage is like the roar of a lion, but his favor is like dew on the grass.

13A foolish child is a father’s ruin, and a quarrelsome wife is like the constant dripping of a leaky roof.

14Houses and wealth are inherited from parents, but a prudent wife is from the LORD .

15Laziness brings on deep sleep, and the shiftless go hungry.

16Whoever keeps commandments keeps their life, but whoever shows contempt for their ways will die.

17Whoever is kind to the poor lends to the LORD, and he will reward them for what they have done.

18Discipline your children, for in that there is hope; do not be a willing party to their death.

19A hot-tempered person must pay the penalty; rescue them, and you will have to do it again.

20Listen to advice and accept discipline, and at the end you will be counted among the wise.

21Many are the plans in a person’s heart, but it is the LORD ’s purpose that prevails.

22What a person desires is unfailing love Or Greed is a person’s shame ; better to be poor than a liar.

23The fear of the LORD leads to life; then one rests content, untouched by trouble.

24A sluggard buries his hand in the dish; he will not even bring it back to his mouth!

25Flog a mocker, and the simple will learn prudence; rebuke the discerning, and they will gain knowledge.

26Whoever robs their father and drives out their mother is a child who brings shame and disgrace.

27Stop listening to instruction, my son, and you will stray from the words of knowledge.

28A corrupt witness mocks at justice, and the mouth of the wicked gulps down evil. 29Penalties are prepared for mockers, and beatings for the backs of fools.

1Wine is a mocker and beer a brawler; whoever is led astray by them is not wise.

2A king’s wrath strikes terror like the roar of a lion; those who anger him forfeit their lives.

3It is to one’s honor to avoid strife, but every fool is quick to quarrel.

4Sluggards do not plow in season; so at harvest time they look but find nothing.

5The purposes of a person’s heart are deep waters, but one who has insight draws them out.

6Many claim to have unfailing love, but a faithful person who can find?

7The righteous lead blameless lives; blessed are their children after them.

8When a king sits on his throne to judge, he winnows out all evil with his eyes.

9Who can say, “I have kept my heart pure; I am clean and without sin”?

10Differing weights and differing measures— the LORD detests them both.

11Even small children are known by their actions, so is their conduct really pure and upright?

12Ears that hear and eyes that see— the LORD has made them both.

13Do not love sleep or you will grow poor; stay awake and you will have food to spare.

14“It’s no good, it’s no good!” says the buyer— then goes off and boasts about the purchase.

15Gold there is, and rubies in abundance, but lips that speak knowledge are a rare jewel.

16Take the garment of one who puts up security for a stranger; hold it in pledge if it is done for an outsider.

17Food gained by fraud tastes sweet, but one ends up with a mouth full of gravel.

18Plans are established by seeking advice; so if you wage war, obtain guidance.

19A gossip betrays a confidence; so avoid anyone who talks too much.

20If someone curses their father or mother, their lamp will be snuffed out in pitch darkness.

21An inheritance claimed too soon will not be blessed at the end.

22Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you.

23The LORD detests differing weights, and dishonest scales do not please him.

24A person’s steps are directed by the LORD . How then can anyone understand their own way?

25It is a trap to dedicate something rashly and only later to consider one’s vows.

26A wise king winnows out the wicked; he drives the threshing wheel over them.

27The human spirit is Or A person’s words are the lamp of the LORD that sheds light on one’s inmost being.

28Love and faithfulness keep a king safe; through love his throne is made secure.

29The glory of young men is their strength, gray hair the splendor of the old. 30Blows and wounds scrub away evil, and beatings purge the inmost being.

1In the LORD ’s hand the king’s heart is a stream of water that he channels toward all who please him.

2A person may think their own ways are right, but the LORD weighs the heart.

3To do what is right and just is more acceptable to the LORD than sacrifice.

4Haughty eyes and a proud heart— the unplowed field of the wicked—produce sin.

5The plans of the diligent lead to profit as surely as haste leads to poverty.

6A fortune made by a lying tongue is a fleeting vapor and a deadly snare. Some Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint and Vulgate; most Hebrew manuscripts vapor for those who seek death

7The violence of the wicked will drag them away, for they refuse to do what is right.

8The way of the guilty is devious, but the conduct of the innocent is upright.

9Better to live on a corner of the roof than share a house with a quarrelsome wife.

10The wicked crave evil; their neighbors get no mercy from them.

11When a mocker is punished, the simple gain wisdom; by paying attention to the wise they get knowledge.

12The Righteous One Or The righteous person takes note of the house of the wicked and brings the wicked to ruin.

13Whoever shuts their ears to the cry of the poor will also cry out and not be answered.

14A gift given in secret soothes anger, and a bribe concealed in the cloak pacifies great wrath.

15When justice is done, it brings joy to the righteous but terror to evildoers.

16Whoever strays from the path of prudence comes to rest in the company of the dead.

17Whoever loves pleasure will become poor; whoever loves wine and olive oil will never be rich.

18The wicked become a ransom for the righteous, and the unfaithful for the upright.

19Better to live in a desert than with a quarrelsome and nagging wife.

20The wise store up choice food and olive oil, but fools gulp theirs down.

21Whoever pursues righteousness and love finds life, prosperity Or righteousness and honor.

22One who is wise can go up against the city of the mighty and pull down the stronghold in which they trust.

23Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity.

24The proud and arrogant person—“Mocker” is his name— behaves with insolent fury.

25The craving of a sluggard will be the death of him, because his hands refuse to work.

26All day long he craves for more, but the righteous give without sparing.

27The sacrifice of the wicked is detestable— how much more so when brought with evil intent!

28A false witness will perish, but a careful listener will testify successfully.

29The wicked put up a bold front, but the upright give thought to their ways.

30There is no wisdom, no insight, no plan that can succeed against the LORD . 31The horse is made ready for the day of battle, but victory rests with the LORD .

1A good name is more desirable than great riches; to be esteemed is better than silver or gold.

2Rich and poor have this in common: The LORD is the Maker of them all.

3The prudent see danger and take refuge, but the simple keep going and pay the penalty.

4Humility is the fear of the LORD ; its wages are riches and honor and life.

5In the paths of the wicked are snares and pitfalls, but those who would preserve their life stay far from them.

6Start children off on the way they should go, and even when they are old they will not turn from it.

7The rich rule over the poor, and the borrower is slave to the lender.

8Whoever sows injustice reaps calamity, and the rod they wield in fury will be broken.

9The generous will themselves be blessed, for they share their food with the poor.

10Drive out the mocker, and out goes strife; quarrels and insults are ended.

11One who loves a pure heart and who speaks with grace will have the king for a friend.

12The eyes of the LORD keep watch over knowledge, but he frustrates the words of the unfaithful.

13The sluggard says, “There’s a lion outside! I’ll be killed in the public square!”

14The mouth of an adulterous woman is a deep pit; a man who is under the LORD ’s wrath falls into it.

15Folly is bound up in the heart of a child, but the rod of discipline will drive it far away.

16One who oppresses the poor to increase his wealth and one who gives gifts to the rich—both come to poverty.

Thirty Sayings of the Wise Saying 1 17Pay attention and turn your ear to the sayings of the wise; apply your heart to what I teach,

18for it is pleasing when you keep them in your heart and have all of them ready on your lips.

19So that your trust may be in the LORD, I teach you today, even you.

20Have I not written thirty sayings for you, sayings of counsel and knowledge,

21teaching you to be honest and to speak the truth, so that you bring back truthful reports to those you serve?

Saying 2 22Do not exploit the poor because they are poor and do not crush the needy in court,

23for the LORD will take up their case and will exact life for life.

Saying 3 24Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered,

25or you may learn their ways and get yourself ensnared.

Saying 4 26Do not be one who shakes hands in pledge or puts up security for debts;

27if you lack the means to pay, your very bed will be snatched from under you.

Saying 5 28Do not move an ancient boundary stone set up by your ancestors. Saying 6 29Do you see someone skilled in their work? They will serve before kings; they will not serve before officials of low rank.

Saying 7 1When you sit to dine with a ruler, note well what Or who is before you,

2and put a knife to your throat if you are given to gluttony.

3Do not crave his delicacies, for that food is deceptive.

Saying 8 4Do not wear yourself out to get rich; do not trust your own cleverness.

5Cast but a glance at riches, and they are gone, for they will surely sprout wings and fly off to the sky like an eagle.

Saying 9 6Do not eat the food of a begrudging host, do not crave his delicacies;

7for he is the kind of person who is always thinking about the cost. Or for as he thinks within himself, / so he is; or for as he puts on a feast, / so he is “Eat and drink,” he says to you, but his heart is not with you.

8You will vomit up the little you have eaten and will have wasted your compliments.

Saying 10 9Do not speak to fools, for they will scorn your prudent words.

Saying 11 10Do not move an ancient boundary stone or encroach on the fields of the fatherless,

11for their Defender is strong; he will take up their case against you.

Saying 12 12Apply your heart to instruction and your ears to words of knowledge.

Saying 13 13Do not withhold discipline from a child; if you punish them with the rod, they will not die.

14Punish them with the rod and save them from death.

Saying 14 15My son, if your heart is wise, then my heart will be glad indeed;

16my inmost being will rejoice when your lips speak what is right.

Saying 15 17Do not let your heart envy sinners, but always be zealous for the fear of the LORD .

18There is surely a future hope for you, and your hope will not be cut off.

Saying 16 19Listen, my son, and be wise, and set your heart on the right path:

20Do not join those who drink too much wine or gorge themselves on meat,

21for drunkards and gluttons become poor, and drowsiness clothes them in rags.

Saying 17 22Listen to your father, who gave you life, and do not despise your mother when she is old.

23Buy the truth and do not sell it— wisdom, instruction and insight as well.

24The father of a righteous child has great joy; a man who fathers a wise son rejoices in him.

25May your father and mother rejoice; may she who gave you birth be joyful!

Saying 18 26My son, give me your heart and let your eyes delight in my ways,

27for an adulterous woman is a deep pit, and a wayward wife is a narrow well.

28Like a bandit she lies in wait and multiplies the unfaithful among men.

Saying 19 29Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has strife? Who has complaints? Who has needless bruises? Who has bloodshot eyes?

30Those who linger over wine, who go to sample bowls of mixed wine.

31Do not gaze at wine when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup, when it goes down smoothly!

32In the end it bites like a snake and poisons like a viper.

33Your eyes will see strange sights, and your mind will imagine confusing things.

34You will be like one sleeping on the high seas, lying on top of the rigging. 35“They hit me,” you will say, “but I’m not hurt! They beat me, but I don’t feel it! When will I wake up so I can find another drink?”

Saying 20 1Do not envy the wicked, do not desire their company;

2for their hearts plot violence, and their lips talk about making trouble.

Saying 21 3By wisdom a house is built, and through understanding it is established;

4through knowledge its rooms are filled with rare and beautiful treasures.

Saying 22 5The wise prevail through great power, and those who have knowledge muster their strength.

6Surely you need guidance to wage war, and victory is won through many advisers.

Saying 23 7Wisdom is too high for fools; in the assembly at the gate they must not open their mouths.

Saying 24 8Whoever plots evil will be known as a schemer.

9The schemes of folly are sin, and people detest a mocker.

Saying 25 10If you falter in a time of trouble, how small is your strength!

11Rescue those being led away to death; hold back those staggering toward slaughter.

12If you say, “But we knew nothing about this,” does not he who weighs the heart perceive it? Does not he who guards your life know it? Will he not repay everyone according to what they have done?

Saying 26 13Eat honey, my son, for it is good; honey from the comb is sweet to your taste.

14Know also that wisdom is like honey for you: If you find it, there is a future hope for you, and your hope will not be cut off.

Saying 27 15Do not lurk like a thief near the house of the righteous, do not plunder their dwelling place;

16for though the righteous fall seven times, they rise again, but the wicked stumble when calamity strikes.

Saying 28 17Do not gloat when your enemy falls; when they stumble, do not let your heart rejoice,

18or the LORD will see and disapprove and turn his wrath away from them.

Saying 29 19Do not fret because of evildoers or be envious of the wicked,

20for the evildoer has no future hope, and the lamp of the wicked will be snuffed out.

Saying 30 21Fear the LORD and the king, my son, and do not join with rebellious officials,

22for those two will send sudden destruction on them, and who knows what calamities they can bring?

Further Sayings of the Wise 23These also are sayings of the wise: To show partiality in judging is not good:

24Whoever says to the guilty, “You are innocent,” will be cursed by peoples and denounced by nations.

25But it will go well with those who convict the guilty, and rich blessing will come on them.

26An honest answer is like a kiss on the lips.

27Put your outdoor work in order and get your fields ready; after that, build your house.

28Do not testify against your neighbor without cause— would you use your lips to mislead?

29Do not say, “I’ll do to them as they have done to me; I’ll pay them back for what they did.”

30I went past the field of a sluggard, past the vineyard of someone who has no sense;

31thorns had come up everywhere, the ground was covered with weeds, and the stone wall was in ruins.

32I applied my heart to what I observed and learned a lesson from what I saw:

33A little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to rest— 34and poverty will come on you like a thief and scarcity like an armed man.

More Proverbs of Solomon 1These are more proverbs of Solomon, compiled by the men of Hezekiah king of Judah:

2It is the glory of God to conceal a matter; to search out a matter is the glory of kings.

3As the heavens are high and the earth is deep, so the hearts of kings are unsearchable.

4Remove the dross from the silver, and a silversmith can produce a vessel;

5remove wicked officials from the king’s presence, and his throne will be established through righteousness.

6Do not exalt yourself in the king’s presence, and do not claim a place among his great men;

7it is better for him to say to you, “Come up here,” than for him to humiliate you before his nobles. What you have seen with your eyes

8do not bring Or nobles / on whom you had set your eyes. / 8 Do not go hastily to court, for what will you do in the end if your neighbor puts you to shame?

9If you take your neighbor to court, do not betray another’s confidence,

10or the one who hears it may shame you and the charge against you will stand.

11Like apples Or possibly apricots of gold in settings of silver is a ruling rightly given.

12Like an earring of gold or an ornament of fine gold is the rebuke of a wise judge to a listening ear.

13Like a snow-cooled drink at harvest time is a trustworthy messenger to the one who sends him; he refreshes the spirit of his master.

14Like clouds and wind without rain is one who boasts of gifts never given.

15Through patience a ruler can be persuaded, and a gentle tongue can break a bone.

16If you find honey, eat just enough— too much of it, and you will vomit.

17Seldom set foot in your neighbor’s house— too much of you, and they will hate you.

18Like a club or a sword or a sharp arrow is one who gives false testimony against a neighbor.

19Like a broken tooth or a lame foot is reliance on the unfaithful in a time of trouble.

20Like one who takes away a garment on a cold day, or like vinegar poured on a wound, is one who sings songs to a heavy heart.

21If your enemy is hungry, give him food to eat; if he is thirsty, give him water to drink.

22In doing this, you will heap burning coals on his head, and the LORD will reward you.

23Like a north wind that brings unexpected rain is a sly tongue—which provokes a horrified look.

24Better to live on a corner of the roof than share a house with a quarrelsome wife.

25Like cold water to a weary soul is good news from a distant land.

26Like a muddied spring or a polluted well are the righteous who give way to the wicked.

27It is not good to eat too much honey, nor is it honorable to search out matters that are too deep. 28Like a city whose walls are broken through is a person who lacks self-control.

1Like snow in summer or rain in harvest, honor is not fitting for a fool.

2Like a fluttering sparrow or a darting swallow, an undeserved curse does not come to rest.

3A whip for the horse, a bridle for the donkey, and a rod for the backs of fools!

4Do not answer a fool according to his folly, or you yourself will be just like him.

5Answer a fool according to his folly, or he will be wise in his own eyes.

6Sending a message by the hands of a fool is like cutting off one’s feet or drinking poison.

7Like the useless legs of one who is lame is a proverb in the mouth of a fool.

8Like tying a stone in a sling is the giving of honor to a fool.

9Like a thornbush in a drunkard’s hand is a proverb in the mouth of a fool.

10Like an archer who wounds at random is one who hires a fool or any passer-by.

11As a dog returns to its vomit, so fools repeat their folly.

12Do you see a person wise in their own eyes? There is more hope for a fool than for them.

13A sluggard says, “There’s a lion in the road, a fierce lion roaming the streets!”

14As a door turns on its hinges, so a sluggard turns on his bed.

15A sluggard buries his hand in the dish; he is too lazy to bring it back to his mouth.

16A sluggard is wiser in his own eyes than seven people who answer discreetly.

17Like one who grabs a stray dog by the ears is someone who rushes into a quarrel not their own.

18Like a maniac shooting flaming arrows of death

19is one who deceives their neighbor and says, “I was only joking!”

20Without wood a fire goes out; without a gossip a quarrel dies down.

21As charcoal to embers and as wood to fire, so is a quarrelsome person for kindling strife.

22The words of a gossip are like choice morsels; they go down to the inmost parts.

23Like a coating of silver dross on earthenware are fervent Hebrew; Septuagint smooth lips with an evil heart.

24Enemies disguise themselves with their lips, but in their hearts they harbor deceit.

25Though their speech is charming, do not believe them, for seven abominations fill their hearts.

26Their malice may be concealed by deception, but their wickedness will be exposed in the assembly.

27Whoever digs a pit will fall into it; if someone rolls a stone, it will roll back on them. 28A lying tongue hates those it hurts, and a flattering mouth works ruin.

1Do not boast about tomorrow, for you do not know what a day may bring.

2Let someone else praise you, and not your own mouth; an outsider, and not your own lips.

3Stone is heavy and sand a burden, but a fool’s provocation is heavier than both.

4Anger is cruel and fury overwhelming, but who can stand before jealousy?

5Better is open rebuke than hidden love.

6Wounds from a friend can be trusted, but an enemy multiplies kisses.

7One who is full loathes honey from the comb, but to the hungry even what is bitter tastes sweet.

8Like a bird that flees its nest is anyone who flees from home.

9Perfume and incense bring joy to the heart, and the pleasantness of a friend springs from their heartfelt advice.

10Do not forsake your friend or a friend of your family, and do not go to your relative’s house when disaster strikes you— better a neighbor nearby than a relative far away.

11Be wise, my son, and bring joy to my heart; then I can answer anyone who treats me with contempt.

12The prudent see danger and take refuge, but the simple keep going and pay the penalty.

13Take the garment of one who puts up security for a stranger; hold it in pledge if it is done for an outsider.

14If anyone loudly blesses their neighbor early in the morning, it will be taken as a curse.

15A quarrelsome wife is like the dripping of a leaky roof in a rainstorm;

16restraining her is like restraining the wind or grasping oil with the hand.

17As iron sharpens iron, so one person sharpens another.

18The one who guards a fig tree will eat its fruit, and whoever protects their master will be honored.

19As water reflects the face, so one’s life reflects the heart. Or so others reflect your heart back to you

20Death and Destruction Hebrew Abaddon are never satisfied, and neither are human eyes.

21The crucible for silver and the furnace for gold, but people are tested by their praise.

22Though you grind a fool in a mortar, grinding them like grain with a pestle, you will not remove their folly from them.

23Be sure you know the condition of your flocks, give careful attention to your herds;

24for riches do not endure forever, and a crown is not secure for all generations.

25When the hay is removed and new growth appears and the grass from the hills is gathered in,

26the lambs will provide you with clothing, and the goats with the price of a field. 27You will have plenty of goats’ milk to feed your family and to nourish your female servants.

1The wicked flee though no one pursues, but the righteous are as bold as a lion.

2When a country is rebellious, it has many rulers, but a ruler with discernment and knowledge maintains order.

3A ruler Or A poor person who oppresses the poor is like a driving rain that leaves no crops.

4Those who forsake instruction praise the wicked, but those who heed it resist them.

5Evildoers do not understand what is right, but those who seek the LORD understand it fully.

6Better the poor whose walk is blameless than the rich whose ways are perverse.

7A discerning son heeds instruction, but a companion of gluttons disgraces his father.

8Whoever increases wealth by taking interest or profit from the poor amasses it for another, who will be kind to the poor.

9If anyone turns a deaf ear to my instruction, even their prayers are detestable.

10Whoever leads the upright along an evil path will fall into their own trap, but the blameless will receive a good inheritance.

11The rich are wise in their own eyes; one who is poor and discerning sees how deluded they are.

12When the righteous triumph, there is great elation; but when the wicked rise to power, people go into hiding.

13Whoever conceals their sins does not prosper, but the one who confesses and renounces them finds mercy.

14Blessed is the one who always trembles before God, but whoever hardens their heart falls into trouble.

15Like a roaring lion or a charging bear is a wicked ruler over a helpless people.

16A tyrannical ruler practices extortion, but one who hates ill-gotten gain will enjoy a long reign.

17Anyone tormented by the guilt of murder will seek refuge in the grave; let no one hold them back.

18The one whose walk is blameless is kept safe, but the one whose ways are perverse will fall into the pit. Syriac (see Septuagint); Hebrew into one

19Those who work their land will have abundant food, but those who chase fantasies will have their fill of poverty.

20A faithful person will be richly blessed, but one eager to get rich will not go unpunished.

21To show partiality is not good— yet a person will do wrong for a piece of bread.

22The stingy are eager to get rich and are unaware that poverty awaits them.

23Whoever rebukes a person will in the end gain favor rather than one who has a flattering tongue.

24Whoever robs their father or mother and says, “It’s not wrong,” is partner to one who destroys.

25The greedy stir up conflict, but those who trust in the LORD will prosper.

26Those who trust in themselves are fools, but those who walk in wisdom are kept safe.

27Those who give to the poor will lack nothing, but those who close their eyes to them receive many curses. 28When the wicked rise to power, people go into hiding; but when the wicked perish, the righteous thrive.

1Whoever remains stiff-necked after many rebukes will suddenly be destroyed—without remedy.

2When the righteous thrive, the people rejoice; when the wicked rule, the people groan.

3A man who loves wisdom brings joy to his father, but a companion of prostitutes squanders his wealth.

4By justice a king gives a country stability, but those who are greedy for Or who give bribes tear it down.

5Those who flatter their neighbors are spreading nets for their feet.

6Evildoers are snared by their own sin, but the righteous shout for joy and are glad.

7The righteous care about justice for the poor, but the wicked have no such concern.

8Mockers stir up a city, but the wise turn away anger.

9If a wise person goes to court with a fool, the fool rages and scoffs, and there is no peace.

10The bloodthirsty hate a person of integrity and seek to kill the upright.

11Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end.

12If a ruler listens to lies, all his officials become wicked.

13The poor and the oppressor have this in common: The LORD gives sight to the eyes of both.

14If a king judges the poor with fairness, his throne will be established forever.

15A rod and a reprimand impart wisdom, but a child left undisciplined disgraces its mother.

16When the wicked thrive, so does sin, but the righteous will see their downfall.

17Discipline your children, and they will give you peace; they will bring you the delights you desire.

18Where there is no revelation, people cast off restraint; but blessed is the one who heeds wisdom’s instruction.

19Servants cannot be corrected by mere words; though they understand, they will not respond.

20Do you see someone who speaks in haste? There is more hope for a fool than for them.

21A servant pampered from youth will turn out to be insolent.

22An angry person stirs up conflict, and a hot-tempered person commits many sins.

23Pride brings a person low, but the lowly in spirit gain honor.

24The accomplices of thieves are their own enemies; they are put under oath and dare not testify.

25Fear of man will prove to be a snare, but whoever trusts in the LORD is kept safe.

26Many seek an audience with a ruler, but it is from the LORD that one gets justice. 27The righteous detest the dishonest; the wicked detest the upright.

Sayings of Agur 1The sayings of Agur son of Jakeh—an inspired utterance. This man’s utterance to Ithiel: “I am weary, God, but I can prevail. With a different word division of the Hebrew; Masoretic Text utterance to Ithiel, / to Ithiel and Ukal:

2Surely I am only a brute, not a man; I do not have human understanding.

3I have not learned wisdom, nor have I attained to the knowledge of the Holy One.

4Who has gone up to heaven and come down? Whose hands have gathered up the wind? Who has wrapped up the waters in a cloak? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and what is the name of his son? Surely you know!

5“Every word of God is flawless; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him.

6Do not add to his words, or he will rebuke you and prove you a liar.

7“Two things I ask of you, LORD ; do not refuse me before I die:

8Keep falsehood and lies far from me; give me neither poverty nor riches, but give me only my daily bread.

9Otherwise, I may have too much and disown you and say, ‘Who is the LORD ?’ Or I may become poor and steal, and so dishonor the name of my God.

10“Do not slander a servant to their master, or they will curse you, and you will pay for it.

11“There are those who curse their fathers and do not bless their mothers;

12those who are pure in their own eyes and yet are not cleansed of their filth;

13those whose eyes are ever so haughty, whose glances are so disdainful;

14those whose teeth are swords and whose jaws are set with knives to devour the poor from the earth and the needy from among mankind.

15“The leech has two daughters. ‘Give! Give!’ they cry. “There are three things that are never satisfied, four that never say, ‘Enough!’:

16the grave, the barren womb, land, which is never satisfied with water, and fire, which never says, ‘Enough!’

17“The eye that mocks a father, that scorns an aged mother, will be pecked out by the ravens of the valley, will be eaten by the vultures.

18“There are three things that are too amazing for me, four that I do not understand:

19the way of an eagle in the sky, the way of a snake on a rock, the way of a ship on the high seas, and the way of a man with a young woman.

20“This is the way of an adulterous woman: She eats and wipes her mouth and says, ‘I’ve done nothing wrong.’

21“Under three things the earth trembles, under four it cannot bear up:

22a servant who becomes king, a godless fool who gets plenty to eat,

23a contemptible woman who gets married, and a servant who displaces her mistress.

24“Four things on earth are small, yet they are extremely wise:

25Ants are creatures of little strength, yet they store up their food in the summer;

26hyraxes are creatures of little power, yet they make their home in the crags;

27locusts have no king, yet they advance together in ranks;

28a lizard can be caught with the hand, yet it is found in kings’ palaces.

29“There are three things that are stately in their stride, four that move with stately bearing:

30a lion, mighty among beasts, who retreats before nothing;

31a strutting rooster, a he-goat, and a king secure against revolt. The meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain.

32“If you play the fool and exalt yourself, or if you plan evil, clap your hand over your mouth! 33For as churning cream produces butter, and as twisting the nose produces blood, so stirring up anger produces strife.”

Sayings of King Lemuel 1The sayings of King Lemuel—an inspired utterance his mother taught him.