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Romans 9 - NIV

Paul’s Anguish Over Israel

1 I speak the truth in Christ—I am not lying, my conscience confirms it through the Holy Spirit—

2 I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart.

3 For I could wish that I myself were cursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my people, those of my own race,

4 the people of Israel. Theirs is the adoption to sonship; theirs the divine glory, the covenants, the receiving of the law, the temple worship and the promises.

5 Theirs are the patriarchs, and from them is traced the human ancestry of the Messiah, who is God over all, forever praised![a] Amen.

God’s Sovereign Choice

6 It is not as though God’s word had failed. For not all who are descended from Israel are Israel.

7 Nor because they are his descendants are they all Abraham’s children. On the contrary, “It is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned.”[b]

8 In other words, it is not the children by physical descent who are God’s children, but it is the children of the promise who are regarded as Abraham’s offspring.

9 For this was how the promise was stated: “At the appointed time I will return, and Sarah will have a son.”[c]

10 Not only that, but Rebekah’s children were conceived at the same time by our father Isaac.

11 Yet, before the twins were born or had done anything good or bad—in order that God’s purpose in election might stand:

12 not by works but by him who calls—she was told, “The older will serve the younger.”[d]

13 Just as it is written: “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.”[e]

14 What then shall we say? Is God unjust? Not at all!

15 For he says to Moses,

“I will have mercy on whom I have mercy,
and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.”[f]

16 It does not, therefore, depend on human desire or effort, but on God’s mercy.

17 For Scripture says to Pharaoh: “I raised you up for this very purpose, that I might display my power in you and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth.”[g]

18 Therefore God has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy, and he hardens whom he wants to harden.

19 One of you will say to me: “Then why does God still blame us? For who is able to resist his will?”

20 But who are you, a human being, to talk back to God? “Shall what is formed say to the one who formed it, ‘Why did you make me like this?’”[h]

21 Does not the potter have the right to make out of the same lump of clay some pottery for special purposes and some for common use?

22 What if God, although choosing to show his wrath and make his power known, bore with great patience the objects of his wrath—prepared for destruction?

23 What if he did this to make the riches of his glory known to the objects of his mercy, whom he prepared in advance for glory—

24 even us, whom he also called, not only from the Jews but also from the Gentiles?

25 As he says in Hosea:

“I will call them ‘my people’ who are not my people;
and I will call her ‘my loved one’ who is not my loved one,”[i]

26 and,

“In the very place where it was said to them,
‘You are not my people,’
there they will be called ‘children of the living God.’”[j]

27 Isaiah cries out concerning Israel:

“Though the number of the Israelites be like the sand by the sea,
only the remnant will be saved.

28 For the Lord will carry out
his sentence on earth with speed and finality.”[k]

29 It is just as Isaiah said previously:

“Unless the Lord Almighty
had left us descendants,
we would have become like Sodom,
we would have been like Gomorrah.”[l]

Israel’s Unbelief

30 What then shall we say? That the Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have obtained it, a righteousness that is by faith;

31 but the people of Israel, who pursued the law as the way of righteousness, have not attained their goal.

32 Why not? Because they pursued it not by faith but as if it were by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone.

33 As it is written:

“See, I lay in Zion a stone that causes people to stumble
and a rock that makes them fall,
and the one who believes in him will never be put to shame.”[m]


a. Romans 9:5 Or Messiah, who is over all. God be forever praised! Or Messiah. God who is over all be forever praised!
b. Romans 9:7 Gen.?21:12
c. Romans 9:9 Gen.?18:10,14
d. Romans 9:12 Gen.?25:23
e. Romans 9:13 Mal.?1:2,3
f. Romans 9:15 Exodus?33:19
g. Romans 9:17 Exodus?9:16
h. Romans 9:20 Isaiah?29:16; 45:9
i. Romans 9:25 Hosea?2:23
j. Romans 9:26 Hosea?1:10
k. Romans 9:28 Isaiah?10:22,23 (see Septuagint)
l. Romans 9:29 Isaiah?1:9
m. Romans 9:33 Isaiah?8:14; 28:16

Sermons on Romans 9 More sermons: Romans 9

Mark H. Stevens ThD avatar
A Hunger for Lost Souls
Shared by: Mark H. Stevens ThD on Jul, 2016
Summary: Romans 9:2 "That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart." Paul loved his people (Israel) he would forfeit his salvation for them....how bad do YOU want to see people saved?
Scripture: Romans 9:1-4
Denomination: Pentecostal
Views: 371
Roger Roark avatar
God is over all
Shared by: Roger Roark on Mar, 2016
Summary: Jesus, is God over all
Scripture: Romans 9:5
Denomination: Church Of God
Views: 57
Bob Faulkner avatar
God's Selection: Conditional or Unconditional?
Shared by: Bob Faulkner on Dec, 2015
Summary: Does God choose His people based on things they have or have not done? Or does He choose them based on His own purposes?
Scripture: Romans 9:9-33
Denomination: Independent/Bible
Views: 477
Peter Baumgartle avatar
Tough Questions
Shared by: Peter Baumgartle on Dec, 2015
Summary: Romans 9
Series: Romans
Terry Laughlin avatar
Shared by: Terry Laughlin on Sep, 2015
Summary: The danger of mislabeling a person as a Christian - when they are not
Darrell  Stetler II avatar
#2 Truth & Error
Shared by: Darrell Stetler II on Aug, 2015
Summary: How do I know the difference between what is true and what is false?
Series: Trueish
Scripture: Romans 9:11-12
Denomination: Holiness
Views: 253
James May avatar
A Study of the Book of Romans Lesson #22
Shared by: James May on May, 2015
Summary: Continuation of a study in the Book of Romans
Scripture: Romans 9:19-26
Denomination: Pentecostal
Views: 385
James May avatar
A Study of the Book of Romans Lesson #23
Shared by: James May on May, 2015
Summary: Continuation of a study in the Book of Romans
based on 1 rating
Scripture: Romans 9:27-33
Denomination: Pentecostal
Views: 353
Shawn Drake avatar
What Salvation Isn't
Shared by: Shawn Drake on Apr, 2015
Summary: This is the 16th sermon in the series "The Cure". There are many opinions about salvation- Many of them a wrong.
based on 1 rating
Scripture: Romans 9:6-33
Denomination: Baptist
Views: 585
Shawn Drake avatar
Shared by: Shawn Drake on Apr, 2015
Summary: This is the 15th sermon in the Series "The Cure". As God's Children, we are privileged.
based on 3 ratings
Scripture: Romans 9:1-5
Denomination: Baptist
Views: 432
Mark Mitchell avatar
Predestined For Hell? Absolutely Not!
Shared by: Mark Mitchell on Mar, 2015
Summary: No one is predestined for hell
Scripture: Romans 9:1-26
Denomination: Baptist
Views: 359
Joseph Miller avatar
Why God Hated Easu
Shared by: Joseph Miller on Mar, 2015
Summary: Explore how it's "fair" for a loving, non discriminating God to love one brother and hate the other.
based on 1 rating
Scripture: Romans 9:13
Denomination: Apostolic
Views: 1,637
James May avatar
A Study Of The Book Of Romans Lesson #21
Shared by: James May on Jan, 2015
Summary: Continuing study of Romans, Chapter 9:1-18
based on 1 rating
Scripture: Romans 9:1-18
Denomination: Pentecostal
Views: 1,162
Kyle Sullivan avatar
God is God!
Shared by: Kyle Sullivan on Nov, 2014
Summary: How were the Jews the chosen people of God?
Scripture: Romans 9:1-33
Denomination: Baptist
Views: 177
David Dykes avatar
Are You Concerned About Your Friends Without Christ?
Shared by: David Dykes on Oct, 2014
Summary: Those people out there without Christ are not going to break down the doors of this church to get here and learn about Jesus. We cannot be complacent until someone has shared with them like somebody shared with us.
Series: Romans
David Dykes avatar
God’s Freedom of Choice
Shared by: David Dykes on Oct, 2014
Summary: Have you ever thought about how through the centuries God has preserved the Jewish people and they have maintained their identity even though they have been scattered all over the planet Earth? Why? Because God preserved them.
Series: Romans
Scripture: Romans 9:4-18
Denomination: Baptist
Views: 636
David Dykes avatar
Stumbling Over God’s Stepping Stone
Shared by: David Dykes on Oct, 2014
Summary: God’s wrath has been revealed throughout history. It is being revealed right now. Why does God show us some demonstrations of his wrath in history? To warn us. To teach us that one day God is going to judge sin.
Series: Romans
Scripture: Romans 9:19-33
Denomination: Baptist
Views: 546
Steve Shepherd avatar
Shared by: Steve Shepherd on Jan, 2014
Summary: The truth is in Christ. And Paul spoke the truth in Christ in this text. 1- The truth of the Holy Spirit 2- The truth of anguish in the heart 3- The truth of separation from Christ
based on 82 ratings
Views: 11,100
Christopher Holdsworth avatar
The Hardening of Pharaoh's Heart
Shared by: Christopher Holdsworth on Dec, 2013
Summary: The idea of God hardening Pharaoh's heart gnaws at our sensibilities... but we know that the LORD is sovereign not only in His mercy, but also in His judgement.
Scott Chambers avatar
Shared by: Scott Chambers on Oct, 2013
Summary: This is the tenth message in a series over Romans 6-11. The series examines how we now live under God's grace. This message examines the doctrine of predestination.
Scripture: Romans 9:1-33
Views: 637
Zachariah king avatar
Mystery of the stumbling stone
Shared by: Zachariah king on Sep, 2013
Summary: Mystery of the gospel, by faith or works? The stumbling stone leads to destruction, it is religion by works that lead many astray. Religion never saved any one, only Jesus saves
based on 1 rating
Scripture: Romans 9:32
Views: 328
Zachariah king avatar
The offence of the gospel
Shared by: Zachariah king on Sep, 2013
Summary: Why the gospel is an offense to the religious , and the gospel is the greatest hope for sinners like me.
Scripture: Romans 9:33
Views: 396
Larry Turner avatar
Problematic Patience
Shared by: Larry Turner on Aug, 2013
Summary: King Saul and Esau had a problem with patience that lead to even greater problems. What does sprit-filled paience look like and can we live it?
Clay Gentry avatar
A Heart For The Lost
Shared by: Clay Gentry on Aug, 2013
Summary: How can we develop a heart for the lost, a heart like the apostle Paul's?
Gordon Weatherby avatar
What Is Your Heart's Desire?
Shared by: Gordon Weatherby on May, 2013
Summary: What is your heart's desire? With the apostle Paul, his heart's desire was to see the lost come to Christ. Though the majority of this message is my own, the main points have been borrowed.
Ron Tuit avatar
The Sovereign Stone
Shared by: Ron Tuit on May, 2013
Summary: Paul teaches that God chooses those whom He will save; to those whom He does not save, Jesus becomes a stumbling stone, but to those He chooses He becomes the Rock of Salvation.
Series: Romans
Scripture: Romans 9:30-10:10
Denomination: Independent/Bible
Views: 569
Ron Tuit avatar
“Hard Hearts and Providential Pots: More on God’s Sovereign Character”
Shared by: Ron Tuit on Apr, 2013
Summary: Romans 9 gives an excellent and clear view of the excellence and Sovereignty of God in choosing some for salvation and honorable eternal service to His Glory.
Series: Romans
Ron Tuit avatar
The Character of God's Sovereignty
Shared by: Ron Tuit on Apr, 2013
Summary: The Character and work of God's Sovereignty in Election is truly a teaching of the Extravagant Grace of a Powerful and Providential God.
Series: Romans
William R. Nabaza avatar
Righteousness by Faith
Shared by: William R. Nabaza on Mar, 2013
Summary: I. EXORDIUM: Are you righteous by yourself? II. AUDIENCE PROFILE: Believers III. OBJECTIVES: To show faith righteousness always works for those who loved GOD. IV. TEXT: Romans 9:30 (New Living Translation, Second Edition) What does
Scripture: Romans 9:30
Denomination: Independent/Bible
Views: 231
William R. Nabaza avatar
Objects of His Mercy and Glory
Shared by: William R. Nabaza on Mar, 2013
Summary: I. EXORDIUM: Are you GOD's Object of Mercy and Glory? II. AUDIENCE PROFILE: Believers III. OBJECTIVES: To prove that GOD made us His Objects of Mercy and Glory. IV. TEXT: Romans 9:23 (New Living Translation, Second Edition) He does
Scripture: Romans 9:23
Denomination: Independent/Bible
Views: 470