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Preaching Articles

Dear Working Preacher,

Something’s gotta change. We all know that. Patterns of congregational attendance and membership have declined for decades and precipitously so over the last few years.

Of late, I have been reading, speaking and writing a lot about our need—in particular, to take stock of the changes in our culture that demand changes in how we worship, preach and organize ourselves as the church. For instance, we need to recognize that people’s lives are much busier, even more frantic, than a generation or two ago. “Time-saving” innovations like email have all but eliminated any sense of Sabbath, and work as a result knows no bounds. Similarly, youth sports and other activities that used to treat Sundays as sacred time, or at least family time, have now claimed that part of the calendar as prime real estate for additional practice or tournaments.

In addition, the culture of duty—doing things, including going to church, simply because we’re supposed to—has eroded into a culture of discretion where, given all the options, one exercises discretion to determine what activities are most rewarding. Further, the culture no longer has a vested interest in supporting church participation. As a result, the emerging generation does not and will not go to church simply because their parents did, but only if that hour on Sunday meaningfully connects to the other 167 hours of the week.

All of this has led me to suggest that we need to move from traditional “performative” ministry—where the pastor is responsible for doing the central tasks of the Christian life like interpreting Scripture, connecting faith and life, and sharing our faith—to more “formative” ministry—where the job of the preacher is to help people get better at doing these things themselves. Which has led me, as you’ll know from reading this weekly epistle, to experimenting with a more participatory form of preaching.

Most often, the folks I speak with are grateful for a framework that helps them make sense of this new world in which we find ourselves and for concrete suggestions about what we can do about it. At the same time, all this change can be overwhelming. A common refrain I’ve heard from congregation leaders is that this isn’t the world for which they were trained. Moreover, when we are asked to preach and lead in a different way, we may feel anxious about our competency, as we’re switching from skills and practices we’ve honed over the years to others that are less familiar and in which we have less confidence.

Nor, of course, is it only ministers who feel this way. Our people also worry about the future of their church and about their children's and grandchildren’s relationship to the church in particular. Concerns about attendance, coupled with others about paying the bills, keeping up the building, diminishing Sunday Schools and more, all take their toll. Such anxiety can be paralyzing and, indeed, a pall of apprehension attends many of the congregations we serve.

Which is why this familiar passage from John has never been more important!

While we know it best for the centrality of John 3:16 in both our theology and popular imagination, there are two other elements I would also like to highlight, each of which is anchored in and expands the implications of the love of God so clearly expressed in 3:16.

The first is the freedom granted to those who are born of the Spirit. Notice this part of the exchange between Jesus and Nicodemus. When Jesus says that we must all be born anew, Nicodemus is confused, taking his metaphor literally. And so Jesus then contrasts life in the flesh and life in the Spirit. And one of the key characteristics of life in the spirit is an element of freedom. We are not bound by the same concerns of those who live according to the flesh, because our future and fate are sealed by God’s tremendous love. “Do not be astonished,” Jesus says to Nicodemus, “that I said to you, ‘You must be born from above.’ The wind blows where it chooses, and you hear the sound of it, but you do not know where it comes from or where it goes. So it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit.”

I think this declaration that the Spirit—and those born of the Spirit—blows where it will gives us tremendous freedom when we think about how best to respond to the challenges and opportunities of the age. Part of what is so anxiety provoking about this time is that it feels like there are no road maps. Worship that lasted an hour. Communion once a month (or later, weekly). A theologically grounded lectionary. The three-point sermon. An annual stewardship campaign. These weren’t just useful practices; they were reliable patterns by which to organize our life that provide a clear road map, and at times even recipe, about what it meant to be the church and, by extension, a pastor. When we give these up, however, we feel like we are sailing in uncharted waters or driving down a foreign and forbidding road.

Except that we are not alone! The Spirit—which Jesus will later define as his own Spirit—accompanies and empowers us to face a future that we may feel is uncertain but has been secured by the death and resurrection of Jesus. From this perspective, the anxiety that many of us feel—there is no roadmap!—can be transformed into excitement— there is no roadmap! Which means that we are free—we don’t have to do things the way they’ve always been done. We can experiment, risk, fail (you can’t experiment without failing), learn and grow in ways we’d never imagined. Because the Spirit of Christ will blow us in directions we hadn’t imagined.

The second element I want to lift up is the ultimate source of our confidence. For coming right after the world’s most famous Bible verse is this promise: “God did not send the Son into the world to condemn the world but in order that the world might be saved through him.” God intends good for us, both here in our life together and ultimately in our eternal life with God. For this reason, whatever setbacks or even failures we may experience are always temporary, because God has promised to redeem the world in and through Jesus. Which again lends us a measure of freedom. We are free to experiment and struggle and succeed and fail and live and love and die … all knowing that in Christ God has already worked to redeem the whole world. In other words, redemption is God’s responsibility, not ours. Our job is to strive to identify and share where we see hints of that redemption already.

Here’s the thing, Working Preacher: the challenges in front of us are great, no doubt about it. But so also are the opportunities. Whether we grow or shrink, flourish or struggle, we sometimes get preoccupied with the proximate story that, while important, is only part of the larger story God is telling and bringing to a good end.

So this week, remind your people that we are free. And remind them that we are aided by God’s powerful Spirit who will blow us places we’d never imagined. And remind them, finally, that God loves this whole world—including us and our little corners of it—extravagantly and so has promised that whatever may come, we all have God’s promise of redemption in and through Christ Jesus our Lord.

It’s a powerful message and promise, Working Preacher. One we need to hear, especially at this time in our history. And I am so grateful for your willingness not just to share it but to proclaim it with hope, courage and confidence. Thank you. Even more and always, thank God for you!

Yours in Christ,
David

David J. Lose holds The Marbury E. Anderson Chair in Biblical Preaching at Luther Seminary, where he also serves as the Director of the Center for Biblical Preaching.

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Ephrem Hagos

commented on Apr 8, 2014

People who are free do not reminding they are!

Nicu Cocione

commented on Apr 8, 2014

This article only encorages christians to continue riding the fence and attempt the impossible task of being of this world, running on the free spirit of this world and running on the Spirit of God at the same time. Towards the end of the article was mentioned that "God loves this world"... What is there to love about this world? The lust of the flesh, the lust of the eye or the pride of life? THIS is what this world is about We not to love the world or help the church become more worldly than it is already. 1 John 2:15-17.

John Drower

commented on Apr 9, 2014

I find that although we know that Christ has set us free - many Christians don't live free they are still letting their old story dictate and in some cases scream at them, they aren't experiencing the partnership that The Holy Spirit wants to have with them. If our focus as leaders is to point people to Jesus and not towards us, and if we are modeling the life of Christ in us which is shown through changes in our thinking, attitudes, relationships, will and purpose, living free ourselves we will be in a better place to guide and point others to the life of freedom found in God and enabled through His Holy Spirit..

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