Preaching Articles

We hear it all the time, “Pastor you really preached this morning. That was a GREAT sermon!” But, was it really a great sermon? How can we tell? Many times people make statements like this because the message addressed an issue they were currently dealing with. That’s one of the great blessings of the Word of God — it is living and it touches us right where we live. However, that leaves a great deal of subjectivity when it comes to analyzing the merits of the transmission of the message. Quite honestly, it is entirely possible to have a great message and a terrible sermon. The sermon is the vehicle the preacher uses to transport the message God has given to him or her, and the preacher must be careful not to allow the vehicle to get in the way of the message.

One of the opportunities the Lord has blessed me with is to serve as an adjunct professor at Carolina Christian College, where I teach courses in the field of homiletics. Homiletics is the art and science of preaching. Preaching is an art form. God uses all of who He created us to be in the preaching process. That’s why you will never find two sermons that are exactly the same — because there are no two people who are exactly the same. However, while preaching is an art, it is also a science. In other words, there is (or at least should be) some methodology to the preaching process.

It is extremely important for the preacher to engage in the process of regularly evaluating his or her sermon … because the congregation already is! For every person who says, “Great sermon, pastor” there are five who walk by thinking that it was the worst thing they ever heard. That should not discourage the preacher, but should inspire him or her to continually strive to improve and develop his or her craft. Preaching is a life-long call, and it involves a life-long process. Any preacher who is not seeking to improve his or her ministry is doing the congregation (and ultimately, the call) a disservice.

When it comes to evaluating the sermon, there are six key elements that form a rubric from the acrostic: PREACH.


One of the most important elements of a sermon is time. Great sermon content can be easily overshadowed by poor time management. When it comes to time management, err on the side of caution. Oftentimes, less is more. Of all the thousands of sermons I’ve heard or have preached I can count on one hand (with fingers to spare) the times I’ve heard someone complain that the sermon was too short. As the old adage goes, “The mind can only absorb what the behind can endure.” People in the audience no longer want to suffer through hour-long sermons of preachers proving how smart they are and how much they’ve studied. You don’t have to preach the whole Bible in one sermon. The good thing about Sundays is that they come every week. Save a little for the next one.


As stated earlier, people are moved by the message when it speaks to where they are. The goal of preaching is contemporizing timeless truths and making them relevant to the audience of today. This does not in any way involve changing the timeless truths, but it does involve packaging them in such a way that the audience can understand. It is, in essence, what Jesus did. Jesus used parables as a way of packaging the principles of the Kingdom so His audience could grasp them and apply them to their context. A perfectly constructed sermon that lacks relevance is merely a lecture. Preaching must connect with the audience.


Exegesis simply means exploring and interpreting the text. Far too many sermons have no biblical foundation. The Bible remains the road map for every good sermon. If the preacher does not follow the map, the audience is bound to get lost. Preachers must stay true to the biblical text if their message is to maintain any substance. The role of the preacher is not to preach his or her opinion, but to preach God’s opinion, and God’s opinion is found in His Word. I’m very leery of preachers who consistently ignore the Word or just read it as a formality at the beginning of the sermon and spend the entire sermon talking about everything but that scripture. Good preaching is biblical preaching.


You may be wondering what appearance has to do with a good sermon. The reality is that people see you before the hear you, and your appearance can either help or hinder the sermon. You never want your suit to get more attention than your sermon. Don’t be too flashy, and certainly don’t be too shabby. Your appearance must be appropriate for your audience. Also, for God’s sake, please use an iron. It’s hard for your audience to hear you talk about “a church without spot or wrinkle” when your clothes are full of them! Watch your appearance … because the congregation is.


The greatest sermon has no effect if people don’t understand it. Sermons must be CLEAR in order for people to HEAR. Some preachers treat sermons like doctoral theses, but sermons are designed to reach the “least of these.” Like my pastor, Bishop Alfred Owens, always taught me, “We must always remember that we are feeding sheep … not giraffes.” The goal is not to be high and lofty in our preaching, but to preach with clarity and simplicity so the sheep can graze on the Word.


Preaching must be done with passion! This is not a matter of style, but it is a matter of conviction. The preacher must preach like he or she believes the message…or no one else will. When we preach with conviction … the message is convicting. The purpose of preaching is to produce a change. When we bring the heat, we are stirring the congregation toward positive change. Listless preaching leads to lifeless congregations. Preach with passion, and God’s power will manifest!

Dr. Tejado W. Hanchell (TWH_PhD) is a 21st century “leadership liaison” whose passion is to help connect people and organizations to their purpose. He is a coach, consultant, and counselor and is a leading strategist on leadership and succession planning for churches, non-profit organizations and corporations.

Dr. Hanchell has over 15 years of leadership experience and brings a wealth of wisdom to help enhance lives and increase productivity. He currently serves as the Senior Pastor of Mount Calvary Holy Church of Winston-Salem, NC (“The Church Committed to do MORE”) –  the “Mother Church” of the Mount Calvary Holy Church of America, Inc., where Dr. Hanchell also serves as General Secretary and International Director of Youth & Young Adult Ministry under the leadership of Archbishop Alfred A. Owens, Jr.

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Dean Suedmeyer

commented on Oct 23, 2012

Great stuff. Thank you.

Denise Douglas

commented on Oct 23, 2012

Well said! Thank you!

Joel Rutherford

commented on Oct 23, 2012

Your Comments

Conrad Reid

commented on Oct 23, 2012

How can we hear one of your sermons to test what you have said? I noticed that your sermons are not available for free listening on your website.

Betty Draughn

commented on Oct 23, 2012

Why do you think your congregation has to be talked down to? I happen to be very knowledgeable about the Bible and when a preacher just naturally assumes I have not studied and know nothing about it, I get offended. I may not be a giraffe but I'm certainly not a sheep. Most churches have new converts for the sheep so that they can get deeper into the Bible with those who are more knowledgeable. We have to grow and you don't grow on milk alone.

Bill Williams

commented on Oct 23, 2012

@Betty, it's wonderful that you are very knowledgeable about the Bible. I, too, am one of those people in the pews, not a preacher. And like you, I am also quite knowledgeable about the Bible. In fact, I teach a class on the Bible as Literature in high school. From my personal experience, when a pastor preaches at a level that is beneath the level that I'm at, I don't get offended at all. Rather, I rejoice that those in the congregation who may not have the familiarity with the Scriptures that I do have the opportunity to hear the Gospel preached with clarity. Also, when I listen carefully, I always discover something in even the "simplest" sermons that motivates me to look deeper into it on my own. You are absolutely correct--we Christians don't grow on milk alone. I always encourage people like you and me not to depend on the pastor to serve the "meat" for us! By the power of the Holy Spirit, there is plenty of meat that we can find in the Scriptures for ourselves! Oh, and I'm also never offended for being referred to as a sheep. I have two Master's Degrees, but I will always be a sheep, depending on the Master Shepherd alone to feed me from the riches of his Word! Hope these thought have been helpful.

Michael Reid

commented on Oct 23, 2012

Thanks brother for the article. It was very helpful. Jesus refers to us all as sheep. I have found that I can learn something from anybody. I have eleven grandchildren and am always learning from them. I have a D-min degree but I am still just one of Jesus' sheep.

Tim Callahan

commented on Oct 23, 2012

Thank you, this is helpful!

R.l. Wilson

commented on Oct 23, 2012

I absolutely love great sermons and could listen to preaching all day. However, even though some may think it's bad church etiquette, I have gotten up when a preacher is just preaching to hear himself preach. The point has been made and the sermon should be closed out. Don't continue just because you haven't preached two hours. All your saying is "Blah-Blah-Blah" at that point. Very good article!

Chuck Patrick

commented on Oct 24, 2012

Excellent stuff my brother Tejado! I am blessed to serve in the dual role of being both a shepherd(under shepherd of course)and a sheep always under the care

Fred Gurule

commented on Oct 24, 2012

Thanks for the well rounded advice when preparing and presenting the message of God to men. Really good and practical stuff.

Fred Gurule

commented on Oct 24, 2012

Thanks for the well rounded advice when preparing and presenting the message of God to men. Really good and practical stuff.

Dwayne Smith

commented on Oct 28, 2012

Excellent information. I've seen far too many preachers who let the vehicle get in the way of the message.

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