Contributed on Feb 3, 2018
The apostle Paul wrote the Epistle to the Romans. Paul, who at birth received the Jewish name Saul, was born in the city of Tarsus located in Cilicia (Acts 22:3). His birth occurred probably between a.d. 1 and 5. Although he grew up in Greek culture. .
INTRODUCTION TO PAUL’S EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS Author The apostle Paul wrote the Epistle to the Romans. Paul, who at birth received the Jewish name Saul, was born in the city of Tarsus located in Cilicia (Acts 22:3). His birth occurred probably between a.d. 1 and 5. Although he ...read more
Contributed on Feb 10, 2018
Paul calls himself a bondservant of Jesus Christ. Such a sense of devotion springs from an awareness of the great love Christ has demonstrated by His death. Paul was not just a servant to the Lord but a slave as well and answerable only to Him.
(1) Paul’s Personal Greeting Romans 1:1-7 1 Paul, a bondservant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated to the gospel of God Paul calls himself a bondservant (the Greek word is doulos, meaning bondslave) of Jesus Christ. Such a sense of utter devotion springs from an ...read more
Contributed on Feb 24, 2018
Here he thanks God through Jesus Christ, the Mediator, because the faith of the Roman Christians was proclaimed throughout the whole world.
(2) Paul’s Purpose Romans 1:8-13 8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world. Whenever possible, the apostle began his letters by expressing appreciation for whatever was commendable in his readers; a good example for ...read more
Contributed on Mar 10, 2018
I am debtor. Paul views himself as a debtor to the whole world. He has been placed in debt by the love of Jesus Christ. “For the love of Christ compels us…” (II Cor 5:14).
Paul’s Three “I Ams” Romans 1:14-17 14 I am a debtor both to Greeks and to barbarians, both to wise and to unwise. I am debtor. Paul views himself as a debtor to the whole world. He has been placed in debt by the love of Jesus Christ. “For the love of Christ compels us…” (II Cor 5:14). ...read more
Contributed on Mar 15, 2018
Here we have the answer to the question “Why do men need the gospel?” The answer is that they are lost without it, and that the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against the wickedness of men who suppress the truth in an unrighteous manner and by . . .
A Natural Revelation of God Romans 1:18-20 18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who suppress the truth in unrighteousness, For the wrath of God is revealed. Here we have the answer to the question “Why do men need the ...read more
Contributed on Mar 23, 2018
Although they knew God by His works, they did not glorify Him for who He is or thank Him for all He has done.
Subnatural Response of Man Romans 1:21-23 21 because, although they knew God, they did not glorify Him as God, nor were thankful, but became futile in their thoughts, and their foolish hearts were darkened. Although they knew God by His works, they did not glorify Him for who He is or thank ...read more
Contributed on Mar 29, 2018
The suppression of the truth which God gave to the heathen became the basis for their idolatry and as a result they worshiped and served the creature more than the Creator.
Unnatural Retrogression of Man Romans 1:24-32 Now we see the results of man’s revolution against God. In the remainder of this chapter it says three times that God gave them up. 24 Therefore God also gave them up to uncleanness, in the lusts of their hearts, to dishonor their bodies among ...read more
Contributed on Apr 6, 2018
The judgment of God is inescapable on those who condemn others for the very sins they practice themselves. Their capacity to judge others does not absolve them from guilt. In fact, it increases their own condemnation.
(7) Revelation of the Sin of Good People Romans 2:1-16 1 Therefore you are inexcusable, O man, whoever you are who judge, for in whatever you judge another you condemn yourself; for you who judge practice the same things. Therefore you are inexcusable, O man, whoever you are who judge. In ...read more
Contributed on Apr 15, 2018
The Jew trusted his law to be all that he needed and the best education he could get. Thus he boasted in the God who gave that law. There is no doubt that many Jews felt they were immune from God’s judgment.
(8) HIS LAW CANNOT MAKE HIM RIGHTEOUS Romans 2:17-24 17 Indeed you are called a Jew, and rest on the law, and make your boast in God, Indeed you are called a Jew, and rest on the law. Israelites who remained in Palestine, or who returned to it after the Babylonian captivity, were ...read more
Contributed on May 4, 2018
In addition to the law, the Jew prided himself on the rite of circumcision. It was instituted by God as a sign of His covenant with Abraham. God said, "All of you must be circumcised."
His Circumcision Cannot Make Him Righteous Roman 2:25-27 25 For circumcision is indeed profitable if you keep the law; but if you are a breaker of the law, your circumcision has become uncircumcision. In addition to the law, the Jew prided himself on the rite of circumcision. This is a ...read more
Contributed on May 18, 2018
The Lord is not swayed by external considerations of race or religion; He looks for inward sincerity and purity.
(10) His Birth Cannot Make Him Righteous. Romans 2:28-29 28 For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh; In God’s reckoning, a true Jew is not simply a man who has Abraham’s blood flowing in his veins or who has the mark of circumcision ...read more
Contributed on Jun 1, 2018
Paul continues the subject of the guilt of the Jews. He anticipates arguments in rebuttal to his conclusion that neither Israel’s law, her circumcision, or her birth could save her.
(11) Availability of a Righteousness from God Romans 3:1-8 In the first eight verses of chapter 3, Paul continues the subject of the guilt of the Jews. He anticipates arguments in rebuttal to his conclusion that neither Israel’s law, her circumcision, or her birth could save her. These ...read more
Contributed on Jun 15, 2018
Paul has shown that the heathen are lost, because even though they had the witness of both nature and conscience, they suppressed the truth God gave to them. He has shown also that the moral man is lost, because even though he put on an outward show . . .
The Need of the Whole World. Romans 3:9–20 Paul has shown that the heathen are lost, because even though they had the witness of both nature and conscience, they suppressed the truth God gave to them. He has shown also that the moral man is lost, because even though he put on an outward show ...read more
Contributed on Jul 13, 2018
Paul answers the question: According to the gospel, how can ungodly sinners be justified by a holy God? He begins by saying that the righteousness of God has been revealed apart from the law. This means that a plan or program has been revealed by . . .
Justification is by Faith Alone Romans 3:21–31 21 But now the righteousness of God apart from the law is revealed, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, We now come to the heart of the Letter to the Romans, when Paul answers the question: According to the gospel, how can ungodly ...read more
Contributed on Jul 27, 2018
In this chapter, Paul analyzes the principle by which God saved Abraham. The father of Israel is an illustration of God’s message of salvation in the Old Testament.
(14) Justification is illustrated in the Old Testament. Romans 4:1-25 1 What then shall we say that Abraham our father has found according to the flesh? 2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. 3 For what does the Scripture say? ...read more
Contributed on Aug 10, 2018
Adam’s sin passed sin and death on to the whole human race, but Christ’s obedience gives righteousness and life to all who trust Him.
(15) Introduction to Chapter 5 In the fifth chapter of Romans, Paul answers one of the questions that would naturally arise in the minds of those who had read this epistle to this point. He has told us that we have been saved by the redemption we have in Christ, the redemption that was ...read more
Contributed on Aug 24, 2018
Sanctification is a process through God’s grace by which the believer is separated from sin and becomes dedicated to God’s righteousness.
(17) Sanctification of the Saints The concept of sanctification is not well understood, even in Christian circles, and I don’t hear it preached on today. However, it is in both the Old and New Testaments; Paul especially had a lot to say on the subject. I have always believed that the best way ...read more
Contributed on Sep 7, 2018
Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned.
(18) Headship of Adam Romans 5:12-14 12 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned— 13 (For until the law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless death reigned ...read more
Contributed on Sep 21, 2018
There are some who will object by saying, “Why should I suffer, why should I burn in hell for Adam’s disobedience to God’s command?” You will not! If you burn in hell it will not be because of Adam’s transgression.
Headship of Christ Romans 5:15-21 15 But the free gift is not like the offense. For if by the one man’s offense many died, much more the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abounded to many. 16 And the gift is not like that which ...read more
Contributed on Oct 5, 2018
His position is his standing in Christ.
(20) Introduction to Chapter 6 “In Christ unto God.” Verses 1-11. Being a Christian is a matter of life or death. Persons who do not understand the grace of God argue, “If God is gracious, then we should sin more so we receive more grace.” Those who trust Christ are identified with Him by the ...read more
Contributed on Oct 19, 2018
Yield yourself to the Lord; He is the most wonderful Master, and the “salary” He pays lasts forever.
Practical Sanctification Romans 6:13-23 13 And do not present your members as instruments of unrighteousness to sin, but present yourselves to God as being alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness to God. 14 For sin shall not have dominion over you, for you are ...read more
Contributed on Nov 2, 2018
For the woman who has a husband is bound by the Law to her husband as long as he lives.
Shackles of a Saved Soul Romans 7:1–14 1 Or do you not know, brethren (for I speak to those who know the law), that the law has dominion over a man as long as he lives? 2 For the woman who has a husband is bound by the law to her husband as long as he lives. But ...read more
Contributed on Nov 17, 2018
"Even though the believer wants to be delivered from the guilt and penalty of sin, he will not be free from the presence of sin until he goes to be with the Lord or Christ returns.
Struggle of a Saved Soul. Romans 7:15-25 15 For what I am doing, I do not understand. For what I will to do, that I do not practice; but what I hate, that I do. 16 If, then, I do what I will not to do; I agree with the Law that it is good. 17 But now, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that ...read more
Contributed on Jan 5, 2019
When God saved you, He gave you a new life, not a new law. As you yield to that life, you obey His law. Keep your mind centered on the things of the Lord and seek to please God in all things.
(25) The Blessing of Life Romans 8:1–11 1 There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit. 2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death. 3 For what ...read more
Contributed on Feb 7, 2019
Now, we are members of the family of God, and have all the privileges of a son, including being joint heirs with Jesus.
(26) The Blessing of Liberty Romans 8:12-17 12 Therefore, brethren, we are debtors—not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh. 13 For if you live according to the flesh you will die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live. 14 For as many as are led by ...read more
Contributed on Apr 29, 2019
The Spirit helps us with our weaknesses. It is not the case that He helps at times when we are weak, but since we live in a state of weakness, He is helping us continually.
(28) The Blessing of Guidance Romans 8:26-30 26 Likewise the Spirit also helps in our weaknesses. For we do not know what we should pray for as we ought, but the Spirit Himself makes intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. 27 Now He who searches the hearts knows what the ...read more
Contributed on Jun 15, 2019
The Spirit of God makes the love of God real to us. The Father is for us, the Son is for us, and the Spirit is for us. Nothing can separate us from His love. Is there any reason why we should not be “more than conquerors”?
(29) The Blessing of Love Romans 8:31-39 31 What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who can be against us? 32 He who did not spare His own Son, but delivered Him up for us all, how shall He not with Him also freely give us all things? 33 Who shall bring a charge against God’s ...read more
Contributed on Aug 4, 2019
Paul expressed his grief over the fact that most of the Jews were alienated from God. He wished himself “accursed” (Gk. anathema) and that he would be destroyed in place of his countrymen.
(30) Israel Defended Romans 9:1–5 1 I tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit, 2 that I have great sorrow and continual grief in my heart. 3 For I could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my ...read more
Contributed on Sep 28, 2019
The Jews make a case for failure on God’s part to fulfill His promises. This is the first step toward Paul's argument concerning the righteousness of God in calling the Gentiles into the blessing of salvation.
(31) Israel Identified Romans 9:6-13 6 But it is not that the word of God has taken no effect. For they are not all Israel who are of Israel, 7 nor are they all children because they are the seed of Abraham; but, “In Isaac your seed shall be called.” 8 That is, those who are the children of the ...read more
Contributed on Nov 23, 2019
God is not obligated to save anybody, for all deserve to be condemned. Even Israel was chosen only because of His grace and love.
(32) The Choice of Israel is in the Sovereign Purpose of God Romans 9:14-24 14 What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? Certainly not! 15 For He says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whomever I will have compassion.” 16 ...read more