Summary: Jesus’ Genealogy is like a sine wave! Some cool points about Jesus’ Genealogy in the account of the apostle Matthew.

> Matthew’s Genealogy of Jesus <

Matthew was a tax collector of Jewish descent. He wrote this Gospel with a main focus to a Jewish audience. Old Testament prophecies are mentioned in Matthew’s Gospel when the prophecies are fulfilled (He does this 9 times in this Gospel).

Parallel to some Genesis passages, Matthew starts out by giving a genealogy of Jesus. There are a lot of ‘begats’ in this chapter, but within these ‘begats’ lie some interesting people. Did you know that ‘genealogy’ and ‘birth’ both come from the Greek word ‘GENESIS’?!?!?! So the Old Testament starts with Genesis, as does the New Testament in a


Adam was the man of imperfection who came in the Old Testament, and Jesus was the man of perfection (as some like to say, the Second Adam [Man]). The second son in a lot of the Bible is the son of promise {we will likely have a study on that later}. Some examples are Cain & Abel, where Abel was the one who pleased God with his offering, and Ishmael & Isaac, where Isaac was the son of promise.

Matthew uses symmetry of numbers, and he was fairly educated in rabbinical thinking, and if you go into the Hebrew, you can derive that the sum of the letters of David is 14. Matthew mentions that there are fourteen generations between Abraham and David, and David and the Babylonian captivity, and then the Babylonian captivity and Jesus (1:17).

Each letter in Hebrew has a numerical value as well as an alphabetic letter and sound. A great deal of mathematical significances are based on the numerical value of words, but to what extent Matthew actually is

using this is not totally certain.

I also found this pretty cool –

- Abraham: things are getting started as God gives him a covenant (the God-given promise that Abraham’s descendants will be as numerous as the sand and that he will be a great nation), so starting from a low point, things begin to go upward.

- David: Israel reaches a sort of peak as God blesses David with numerous victories. In his reign, many nations were gained under Israelite control. Things did start to level off after David’s ordeal with Bathsheba.- Babylonian Captivity: A low point in Israel’s history, where Israel was taken under Babylonian control. This captivity lasted 70 years and was prophesied by Jeremiah (from Word of the LORD), and was lived through by Daniel and other prophets of that time period.

- Jesus: The peak of all peaks in history, where a Savior was born in the city of Bethlehem (Matthew 2:6).

Did you notice that there is a low, then high, then low, then another high? It reminds me of a sine wave! Pretty cool, eh?

Also included in this genealogy are 5 women (including Mary). It was not usual to mention women in genealogies. In this genealogy altogether are…

- Infidels such as Judah, who refused to carry on his brother’s marriage and have sons for him (although Tamar/Thamar did dupe him into having children with him by dressing as a harlot).

- Shepherds such as David (he became a king).

- Harlots such as Rahab (one of the women in this genealogy who hid Joshua’s spies even though consequences COULD have occurred).

- Kings such as Solomon (a very wise one, at that), and Solomon was begat of David by Bathsheba, the wife of Urias.

- A virtuous woman, Ruth.

Know what? Jesus died for all types of people. Whether prostitute (harlot) or virtuous, whether shepherd or king, whether servant or master, Jesus died for all types of people that they might have eternal Salvation upon believing in Him as Lord and Savior.

Joseph (husband of Mary) – Surprise, surprise! The Bible does not say, “Joseph begat Jesus.” Everyone else in this genealogy “begat” a son, except for Joseph. Something unique must have happened!

Instead, Joseph is mentioned to be the husband of Mary. Interestingly as well, the Holy Spirit through Matthew’s pen makes careful note that Mary was found with child of the Holy Ghost (1:18). Mary and Joseph

were were engaged and had not “come together” in relationship (through marriage).

In Jewish custom back then, a couple would be “betrothed” or engaged for one year. Joseph could have divorced Mary if she were truly unfaithful to him in being an out-of-control adulterous woman, but she wasn’t! Another Jewish custom: divorce upon infidelity had to be done in front of two witnesses in private, but if she objected or ‘appealed to a higher court,’ in a sense, she would be taken in front of three rabbis (not rabbits, but rabbis) to be tried or divorced.

Honestly, think of what Joseph thought! A woman getting pregnant and yet being a virgin! This is no ordinary situation! In verse 19, his thoughts are recognized.

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