Summary: This is the third of three lessons in our survey of the book of Micah... a. Micah was a prophet of God, a contemporary of Isaiah (ca. 735-700 B.C.) b. His prophecies were directed to both Israel and Judah, though mostly to the
"STUDIES IN THE MINOR PROPHETS"
Micah - Judgment Now, Blessings Later (6:1-7:20)
1. This is the third of three lessons in our survey of the book of
a. Micah was a prophet of God, a contemporary of Isaiah (ca. 735-700
b. His prophecies were directed to both Israel and Judah, though
mostly to the latter
c. His general theme: "Present Judgment, Future Blessings"
2. In his first message...
a. He proclaimed "The Coming Judgment And Promised Restoration"
b. In which he described:
1) The judgment pronounced upon Israel and Judah - Mic 1:2-16
2) The reasons for the coming judgment - Mic 2:1-11
3) The promise of the restoration of a remnant - Mic 2:12-13
3. In his second message...
a. He proclaimed "God’s Condemnation of Israel, And The Future Hope"
b. In which he described:
1) God’s condemnation of Israel’s civil and religious leaders
- Mic 3:1-12
2) The future exaltation of Zion and Messianic hope - Mic 4:1-5:15
4. In his third and final message, Micah’s message is "God’s Indictment
of Israel, With A Promise Of Forgiveness And Restoration" - Mic 6:1-7:20
[Similar to what we saw in Hosea, the prophet Micah presents the Lord’s
complaint as though He were taking Israel to court...]
I. THE LORD’S CONTROVERSY WITH ISRAEL
A. GOD’S COMPLAINT...
1. The people called to present their case against God, as He has
a complaint against them - Mic 6:1-2
2. How has the Lord wearied them? Testify against Him! - Mic 6:3
3. Did He not redeem them from Egyptian bondage with the aid of
His servants Moses, Aaron, and Miriam? - Mic 6:4
4. Remember how He even had Balaam counter the counsel of Balak
- Mic 6:5
B. WHAT THE LORD REQUIRED OF THEM...
1. What must they offer for their sins? - Mic 6:6-7
2. What God wanted was for them to do justly, love mercy, and
walk humbly before Him - Mic 6:8
C. THE PUNISHMENT FOR ISRAEL’S INJUSTICE...
1. Justified, for they were full of dishonesty and violence - Mic 6:9-12
2. Judgment is coming in the form of desolation, for they hold on
to the idolatry of Omri and works of Ahab - Mic 6:13-16
[Once again, for the third time, Micah has foretold of the judgment to
come. As before, he does not close without offering a hope for
blessings in the future...]
II. A LAMENT FOLLOWED BY A PROMISE OF RESTORATION
A. PERHAPS SPEAKING FOR THE FAITHFUL REMNANT, MICAH LAMENTS...
1. His sorrow because the faithful man had perished - Mic 7:1-4
2. Things are so bad, only the Lord can be trusted - Mic 7:5-7
B. A CONFESSION OF SIN, WITH COMFORT IN WHAT THE LORD WILL BRING...
1. His enemy is not to rejoice over him - Mic 7:8-10a
a. For though he may fall, he will arise; the Lord will be a
light to him
b. He is willing to bear the indignation of the Lord, for he
has sinned; he knows also that the Lord will eventually
plead his case and execute justice for him
2. He takes comfort in the future restoration of Zion - Mic 7:
a. Though first to be trampled down like mire in the streets
b. When restored, all will come to her (a messianic reference
akin to Mic 4:1-2?)
c. But first there will be desolation (cf. the destruction of
the city by Babylon)
C. A CLOSING PRAYER, WITH PRAISE TO GOD...
1. A prayer for God’s protection, to shepherd them as in days
gone by - Mic 7:14
2. God answer: "I will show them marvelous things" - Mic 7:15
3. Micah’s song of praise - Mic 7:16-20
a. The nations shall be made afraid when they see what the
Lord has done
b. Who is a God like Jehovah?
1) Who pardons iniquity
2) Who passes over the transgressions of the remnant of His
3) Who does not retain anger forever, for He delights in
4) Who will again have compassion, subdue their sins, and
cast their sins away
5) Who will give truth and mercy to Jacob and Abraham
(i.e., their descendants) as He has sworn from days of
old (cf. Gen 12:2-3)
1. Thus Micah ends his book like he ended each of his three messages:
offering hope concerning the future for the people of Israel
2. In our previous lesson we noted how these promises concerning a
glorious future to a great extent were fulfilled "in the latter
days", beginning with the coming of our Lord
a. Certainly the restoration and rebuilding of temple following
Babylonian captivity was a partial fulfillment
b. But even that was just a glimpse of what Jesus Christ would offer
in His spiritual kingdom, which we now enjoy by being in Him