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Summary: Today we will examine the petition for our protection against the flesh, the world and the devil.

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The model prayer is broken into two parts; that which is God-ward, and that which is Us-ward.

- The God-ward portion is focused on God’s holiness, His kingdom, and His will.

- The Us-ward portion can be further subdivided: Daily Bread - Forgiveness - Deliverance

We have noted that these deal with past (forgiveness), present (bread), future (deliverance).

Thesis: Today we will examine the petition for our protection against the flesh, the world and the devil.

Exegesis: “And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.”

+ I do not believe this is two petitions, but one petition in two parts.

It has the qualities of a Hebrew parallelism, which is seen often in the Proverbs (Jesus is Jewish).

A parallelism is a linguistic tool that is meant to reinforce ideas.

There are various types of parallelisms, two being:

Synonymous Parallelism - Says the same thing in two different ways

Prov 19:5 “A false witness will not go unpunished, and he who breathes out lies will not escape.”

Prov 18:6 “A fool’s lips walk into a fight, and his mouth invites a beating.”

Antithetical Parallelism - Says two things which oppose one another

Prov 10:1 “A wise son makes a father glad, but a foolish son is a grief to his mother.”

Prov 12:5 “The thoughts of the righteous are just, but the counsels of the wicked are deceitful.”

The antithetical is often denoted by the adversative “but”

The phrase “lead us not - BUT - deliver us from” is connecting this petition as one idea.

So this is not two petitions, but one (bringing the petitions to six: 3 God-ward, 3 Us-ward)

+ Lead us not into temptation

Lead us means to bring us (most often translated “bring”)

The same idea here is used of Jesus when He was led into the wilderness (Matthew 4:1).

The negative “not” is the petition that we not be brought into this thing.

Temptation - This word requires a bit of understanding

The Greek word peirasmo/n is a “neutral” word

It can be positive or negative depending upon the context.

It can mean “temptation” or “test” or “trial” depending on how it is used.

A test can be a positive thing

Genesis 22:1 God tested Abraham (KJV renders it “tempt”; Gr. Sept. is same word)

A test will often be accompanied by temptation, if nothing else the temptation to give up

MacArthur is convinced the word means trial.

This is the way it is used in James 1:12 “Blessed is the man who remains steadfast under trial, for when he has stood the test he will receive the crown of life, which God has promised to those who love him.”

A trial offers us an opportunity for great blessing AND great failure.

So the idea is “God, lead me not into places wherein I will experience great failure.”

NOTE: We must understand is that God does not tempt us to sin.

James 1:13 “Let no one say when he is tempted, “I am being tempted by God,” for God cannot be tempted with evil, and he himself tempts no one.”


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