Summary: The fabled letters to the seven churches turn out to be (are you ready for this) letters to the seven churches. Period. Where all the rest comes from I know not. But these churches were chosen because they represent every church that has ever existed.
2a. The things which are (on earth).
The communication to the seven churches of Asia is just what it appears to be: seven letters addressed to seven real churches, blessing them and warning them. All the fantasies of theologians through the years attempting to make these churches into church “ages” have failed. These seven churches, however, do represent problems and principles by which the Church universal has been edified in every age, and so it will be until Jesus comes. These congregations were chosen because churches like them will always exist. They exist today. Loveless, persecuted, compromising churches. Corrupt, dead, faithful churches. And the lukewarm church. They’re around, like the poor, “always with us.”
In the above sense, the seven churches of John are no different than the seven churches to which Paul wrote letters: Rome, Corinth, Galatia, Ephesus, Philippi, Colosse, Thessalonica. Thankfully, no one –that I have read– tries to weave tales about the mysterious epochs that those letters represent. They are simply congregations that had problems and graces worthy of our consideration. It can be argued, as it is by some, that most of the New Testament was written in response to difficulties that arose in that early church. The Spirit-sent responses serve as the basis for the normalizing of the Christian Church of all time.
The letters follow a set format of five parts:
1) Address of destination: “To the angel of the church of ______, write.” We discussed above the role of angels in the writing and preservation of these letters.
2) Personal description of Jesus as He relates to this particular Church.
3) The condition of the church as viewed by the Only One who can truly know it. Seven times God says, “I know your works.” Seven times He proceeds to prove that fact.
4) Then comes a recommended course of action. Five of the seven are told to repent! The other two are comforted and blessed.
5) Finally comes the promise to the overcomers, the obedient, coupled to an invitation: “He that has ears, let him hear what the Spirit is saying to the churches.”
Within that context of sameness, let us look at the letter’s variations:
Ephesus (2:1-7). Jesus is seen here (2:1-2) as the One Who knows all about them, the One from Whom they can hide nothing. Most persons looking at the Ephesian Church probably praised it, based on the very catalogue of good things that Jesus saw, too (2:2-3). But Jesus knows their need and addresses it.
The city of Ephesus was the largest and most prosperous of the seven addressed. As Paul discovered (Acts 18), its prominence was further enhanced by its devotion to the goddess Diana. Nevertheless the Gospel prospered greatly here, after the initial struggles. Following Paul’s work there, Timothy ministered to the dynamic church. Later still John himself was an elder in this congregation. One can only speculate what went through John’s heart as he sees his own people being rebuked so in the Spirit’s words. The great love of God which permeated the congregation at one time , due to the ministry of 40 years of work by Paul, Timothy and the apostle of love, is now fallen from its first intensity (2:4-5). Though this is the “only” charge against it, the sentence is clear: repent, or else!