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Summary: Sermon based on Joel 2:1-2, 12-17. The importance of turning to God, repenting. One of the most important descriptions of God in the Hebrew Bible is that God is gracious and merciful.

Ash Wednesday Yr C, 10/02/2016

Joel 2:1-2 (quickview) , 12-17

Rev. Garth Wehrfritz-Hanson

“A gracious and merciful God”

A young employee secretly misappropriated several hundred dollars of his business firm’s money. When this action was discovered the young man was told to report to the office of the senior partner of the firm. As he walked up the stairs toward the administrative office the young employee was heavy-hearted. He knew without a doubt he would lose his position with the firm. He also feared the possibility of legal action taken against him. Seemingly his whole world had collapsed.

Upon his arrival in the office of the senior executive the young man was questioned about the whole affair. He was asked if the allegations were true and he answered in the affirmative. Then the executive surprisingly asked this question: “If I keep you in your present capacity, can I trust you in the future?” The young worker brightened up and said, “Yes, sir, you surely can. I’ve learned my lesson.”

The executive responded, “I’m not going to press charges, and you can continue in your present responsibility.” The employer concluded the conversation with his younger employee by saying, “I think you ought to know, however, that you are the second man in this firm who succumbed to temptation and was shown leniency. I was the first. What you have done, I did. The mercy you are receiving, I received. It is only the grace of God that can keep us both.”1

In our passage from Joel, the people of Jerusalem and Judah are facing a crisis; they are struggling with a locust plague. The locusts were everywhere and destroying their crops, like the invasion of a huge, powerful army could destroy a country. So Joel, God’s prophet, organized a time for the whole country to fast, mourn and weep, as well as repent of their wrongdoing and return to worshipping and serving the true God.

Joel, in verses 12 and 13 appeals to his people and speaks for God, saying: “Yet even now, says the LORD, return to me with all your heart.” Those last four words are important, since they echo the first commandment: You shall love the LORD your God with all of your heart, soul, mind and strength. The heart is the place where our deepest thoughts, emotions and will combine to determine our state of being. We too speak of someone who is not very committed by saying: “His or her heart is not in it.” Or we speak of them being very committed by saying: “He or she puts his or her whole heart into it.”

Joel then in verse 13 goes on to capture the true nature of who God is and what he is about when he says: “Return to the LORD, your God, for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love, and relents from punishing.” These words give us one of the most beautiful pictures of God and God’s activity in the whole Old Testament.

The LORD is affirmed as “merciful” (rahum), “gracious” (hannun), and abounding in “steadfast love (hesed). The adjective rahum, evidently related to the noun rehem, “womb,” evokes a divine mercy as boundless as a mother’s compassion for her child. The term hannun [describes] God’s inclination to bestow favour freely, without expectation of return or benefit. Hesed [describes] the LORD’s covenantal loyalty, a steadfast love that endures even when the covenant is broken.2


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