Summary: A verse-by-verse treatise on part of Matthew, chapter five.
We have read, many times, the passage labeled “The
A. They have been cited in preaching and used in
1. I do not believe, however, that we have seen
the tremendous importance of these verses....
nor has it been impressed upon us, just how
necessary it is to use these as a daily guide for
B. Too often the “beatitudes” have been presented as
something good and beautiful.
1. However, we have distanced ourselves from
proper application of these words to our lives.
The beatitudes were not just a good speech that was
delivered to a bunch of Jews......under the old law.
A. If we understand what Jesus was saying, we have
to come to the conclusion that Christ was not only
addressing the Jews of His day....He was also
addressing you and me.
Let us look carefully at these passages and see what they
are saying to us.
I. Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom
Matt. 5:3 - 3 “Blessed are the poor in spirit,
For theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
A. Theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.
1. If I took a poll here, I think that every one
of you would say that you want to be in the
Kingdom of Heaven.
a. More properly......you would INSIST
that you were already in that Kingdom.
2. If this be the case.......according to this verse...
what should be an indicator that this is true?
B. Being “poor in spirit” could be taken as a
requirement of citizenship.
1. “poor in spirit” can be defined as this: A
knowledge and belief that one is actually
nothing, spiritually, without Christ.
a. This person would acknowledge that
God gives them all of their spiritual
wealth and talents.
1.) In the analogy of Luke 3:5, valleys
are associated with those who
are humble, while the mountains
are associated with pride.
Luke 3:5 - 5 Every valley shall be filled And every
mountain and hill brought low; The crooked places shall be
made straight And the rough ways smooth.
2.) It is in this prophecy of Christ that
we see the leveling action of God
working in the hearts of men.
a.) Those declaring themselves
rich in the spirit will be found
wanting, while those who
acknowledge their own
spiritual poverty will be
Luke 8:13-14 - 13“And the tax collector, standing afar
off, would not so much as raise his eyes to heaven, but beat
his breast, saying, ‘God, be merciful to me a sinner!’ 14“I
tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather
than the other; for everyone who exalts himself will be
humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.”
II. Blessed.....or happy (that is what the word means in the
Greek) are they that are sorrowful, for they will be
Matt. 5:4 - 4 Blessed are those who mourn, For they shall
A. Certainly we all want to be comforted when we
are sad and sorrowful.
1. Jesus is not teaching about physical problems
and cares, however.
a. The mourning and sorrow isn’t that
which comes as a result of death in the
family or any other physical loss.
2. The mourning that is referred to by Jesus, is
our mourning over sin’s wicked effects.
a. This person cannot but sorrow over his
own spiritual shortcomings....but also
over the general fallen state of all
humanity, and over the horrors of this
godless world....held captive by its own
vain and wicked inventions.
B. With people there are three different kinds of tears.
1. Tears at the loss of physical things.
a. These are not only bitter, but quite vain.
2. Tears of remorse.
a. Bitter and useless because they usually
come at a time when there is no longer
time for repentance.
Matt. 8:12 - 12“But the sons of the kingdom will be cast
out into outer darkness. There will be weeping and
gnashing of teeth.”
3. Lastly, we have tears of repentance when
the soul desires eternal rewards over the
physical gratification of a moment.
a. These are sweet and beneficial.
1.) This is the mourning that Christ
II Cor. 7:9-11 - 9Now I rejoice, not that you were made
sorry, but that your sorrow led to repentance. For you were
made sorry in a godly manner, that you might suffer loss
from us in nothing. 10For godly sorrow produces
repentance leading to salvation, not to be regretted; but the
sorrow of the world produces death. 11For observe this
very thing, that you sorrowed in a godly manner: What
diligence it produced in you, what clearing of yourselves,
what indignation, what fear, what vehement desire, what
zeal, what vindication! In all things you proved yourselves
to be clear in this matter.