Summary: A fresh look at the facts of Palm Sunday. The response of the crowds, and our present day response to the Lord’s kingship.

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Matthew 21:1-17

Here we have a remarkable scene; the Lord Jesus is on His way to die on Calvary, just as He has recently made known to His disciples, (although it appears that they either did not understand what He said, or they did not want to believe it).

As they came towards Jerusalem, the crowds were expectant. They have gathered to see if ‘Jesus of Nazareth’ will come to keep the Feast of Passover. They are aware of the hostility of the Jewish Rulers, and wonder at the possible events lying ahead of them. Underneath the surface there was a seething mix of feelings. Some people wanted to make Jesus a King, to lead them against the Roman occupation army; others wanted to get rid of Him, because He reached beneath their protective layer of respectability; a few believed He was the Son of God. The crowds waited and wondered.

Suddenly, down the road comes an event that could only be a fulfilment of the prophetic writings. Could this be the long awaited Messiah? Here comes ‘Jesus of Nazareth’ and His disciples – He is riding on a young donkey. They identify Him, not because He was the Teacher that had been telling them about the love of God for them, and how to live lives that would please God; or because of the many miracles that He had done, releasing people from years of sickness and sorrow, and very recently raising Lazarus from the dead; but because it was as if Scripture had been lifted out of the pages of the writings of Zechariah the Prophet, and there before their eyes was ‘The Messiah’ riding on a colt, as had been foretold around 500 years earlier.

These people knew their Scripture – many of them would be able to quote by heart the long awaited promises. They knew their Scripture, and they knew what was meant – or so they thought.


Matthew tells us that

This took place to fulfil what was spoken through the prophet: “Say to the Daughter of Zion, ‘See, your king comes to you, gentle and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey.’" [Matthew 21:4-5]

He was quoting the words of Zechariah, which all the devout people would know.

Rejoice, O people of Zion! Shout in triumph, O people of Jerusalem! Look, your king is coming to you. He is righteous and victorious, yet he is humble, riding on a donkey - riding on a donkey’s colt. [Zechariah 9:9]

We read at the account of the birth of the Lord Jesus, that there were those who had been expectantly looking for the coming of the Messiah. There were times during the ministry of the Lord when people questioned Him about this. Even John the Baptist appears to have questions in his mind when he asks if they were to look for someone else.

The problem was that Jesus did not conform to their ideas. They were expecting a revolutionary Messiah who would drive out the oppressive Roman army, and set the nation free. If only they had used their eyes to see this One who was riding in – He was not riding a prancing war-horse, clad in armour and brandishing a sword - but riding a lowly donkey’s colt with clothing for a saddle.

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