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Sermons

Summary:

A. INTRODUCTION

1. Our Summer Series for 1996 is part of the most carefully-studied and widely-known record of the teachings of Jesus Christ, Matthew 5 - 7 (quickview) , popularly (and, I think, unfortunately) known as "The S __ __ __ __ __ on the M __ __ __ __." Much of what this passage contains of Christ's teaching appears nowhere else in the gospels, but a shorter parallel is contained in Luke 6:17-49 (quickview) , "The Sermon on the Plain," so-called because of the notably different description of that setting.

2. MATTHEW 4:23 - 5:1 (quickview)  [ NKJV ]

And Jesus went walking by the Sea of Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all kinds of sickness and all kinds of disease among the people. Then His fame went throughout all Syria; and they brought to Him all sick people who were afflicted with various diseases and torments, and those who were demon-possessed, epileptics and paralytics; and He healed them. Great multitudes followed Him -- from Galilee, and from Decapolis, Jerusalem, Judea, and beyond the Jordan.

And seeing the multitudes, He went up on a mountain, and when He was seated His disciples came to Him. Then He opened His mouth and taught them....

a. This passage presents a "snapshot" of the first year of Christ's earthly ministry, which included:

(1) t __ __ __ __ __ __ __ in the synagogues;

(2) p __ __ __ __ __ __ __ the g __ __ __ __ __ of the k __ __ __ __ __ __; and

(3) miraculous h __ __ __ __ __ __ of all sorts of diseases.

b. As a result, Jesus became rather famous throughout the region. Soon He was drawing "great m __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __" from far and wide.

c. It should be noted in 5:1 -- the beginning of the "Sermon on the Mount" -- that Jesus was

not addressing the multitudes. He was teaching His d __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __.

d. And this was not preaching. The passage indicates that He sat d __ __ __ before beginning His discourse. There were two modes of rabbinical teaching. Informal, almost casual teaching was communicated while walking alongside one's pupils. But when the teacher sat down ( Latin: ex cathedra, literally "from the chair"), seriously significant information was about to be delivered.

3. Matthew 5:2-12 (quickview) 

a. This first section of the "Sermon on the Mount" is, of course, known widely as "The B __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __."

b. Bible scholars have for centuries debated:

(1) Christ's intended p __ __ __ __ __ __ for His teaching here;

(2) How literally they should be I __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __; and

(3) whether they apply fully to the p __ __ __ __ __ __ or some f __ __ __ __ __ period.

4. Matthew 5:13-16 (quickview) 

a. Some refer to this section as "The S __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __," because Jesus in these verses presents His two designations or symbols of the true disciple:

(1) s __ __ __ and

(2) l __ __ __ __.

B. TEXT: Matthew 5:17-20 (quickview) 

1. "Do not think that I have come to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I have not come to destroy but to fulfill." ( v.17 )

a. There were four different ways in which a Jew of Jesus' day might understand "the Law."


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