Summary: Their white garments, and golden crowns seem to indicate that these 24 represent the redeemed. The question is which redeemed? Not Israel because they aren’t saved until near the end. Not the unsaved because that happens after the 7 year tribulation.
Call it Anything but Boring Revelation 4:1-11NKJ
After these things I looked, and behold, a door standing open in heaven. And the first voice which I heard was like a trumpet speaking with me, saying, “Come up here, and I will show you things which must take place after this.”
2 Immediately I was in the Spirit; and behold, a throne set in heaven, and One sat on the throne. 3 And He who sat there was like a jasper and a sardius stone in appearance; and there was a rainbow around the throne, in appearance like an emerald. 4 Around the throne were twenty-four thrones, and on the thrones I saw twenty-four elders sitting, clothed in white robes; and they had crowns of gold on their heads. 5 And from the throne proceeded lightnings, thunderings, and voices. Seven lamps of fire were burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God.
6 Before the throne there was a sea of glass, like crystal. And in the midst of the throne, and around the throne, were four living creatures full of eyes in front and in back. 7 The first living creature was like a lion, the second living creature like a calf, the third living creature had a face like a man, and the fourth living creature was like a flying eagle. 8 The four living creatures, each having six wings, were full of eyes around and within. And they do not rest day or night, saying: “ Holy, holy, holy,Lord God Almighty, Who was and is and is to come!”
9 Whenever the living creatures give glory and honor and thanks to Him who sits on the throne, who lives forever and ever, 10 the twenty-four elders fall down before Him who sits on the throne and worship Him who lives forever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying: 11 “ You are worthy, O Lord, To receive glory and honor and power; For You created all things, And by Your will they exist and were created.”
Now leaving these seven churches, John is temporarily transported to heaven ‘in the spirit’ to receive revelation about future events.
According to Revelation 1:19, Write the things which you have seen, and the things which are, and the things which will take place after this.
Revelation 4:1NLT Then as I looked, I saw a door standing open in heaven, and the same voice I had heard before spoke to me like a trumpet blast. The voice said, “Come up here, and I will show you what must happen after this.”
This begins the third and final section of the book, describing the events that will follow the church age.
Revelation 4:1...I had heard before spoke to me like a trumpet blast. The voice said, “Come up here, and I will show you what must happen after this.”
Revelation 19:11NLT Then I saw heaven opened, and a white horse was standing there. Its rider was named Faithful and True, for he judges fairly and wages a righteous war.
Putting everything in prospective, instead of trying to quit or change something within that has the tendency to creep out-sin and even cheapen sin- like 'we' have the ability to overcome it. Look unto Jesus, fall in love with Jesus, call upon Jesus and learn of Him.