Summary: Paul penned this letter to the Philippians from a prison. Yet he was overjoyed at how God was his adverse circumstances to advance the Gospel. Paul's joy was completely centered in His realtionship with Jesus.
Intro: An old dog was watching a young dog chase his tail. The young dog stopped to rest, and told the older dog, “I believe happiness is in my tail, and if I catch it, then I will have happiness!” The older, wiser dog said, “I caught mine once. . . and I found out that happiness is not in the catching, it’s in the pursuit.” In this letter Paul is cheering the Philippians and you to have joy in Jesus constant presence and persistent work in them. It is the pursuit of Christ despite the pressures of life that bring overflowing joy.
I. Paul’s greeting
A) From slaves of Christ
Choosing the best begins with our response to God. Paul was an apostle, a missionary, a preacher and writer but he chose to begin this very personal letter to the Philippians identifying Himself as a slave of Jesus Christ. Paul is no longer the proud and pompous Pharisee; he is now the bond slave of Jesus. So how do we tell if we are truly bond slaves of Jesus? Someone once said it is how we react when we are treated like one. Paul joyfully served Jesus not matter the pressure or pain and as he did with Timothy in this greeting he elevated others instead of Himself.
B) To the saints of Christ
1) This is not determined by the church
2) This is not determined by your works
3) This is determined by your reception of God’s grace (God’s riches at Christ’s Expense)
Saint comes from the word Hagios which simply means to set apart. In the Old Testament the Tabernacle and Temple were set apart for God alone. All the furnishings and utensils especially the Ark of the Covenant and the Holy of Holies were set apart. They were chosen by God for special use. There were no longer supposed to be used for common tasks. The tribe of Levi was set apart to serve God as priests. They did not inherit land because they were to devote their time and energy in serving God. The people of Israel were set apart to be his special people to take the glorious light of His person to the gentiles. To be a saint means to be set apart for God’s purposes.
C) From the source Jesus Christ
Where does lasting joy come from? It comes from our connection to God the father through Jesus Christ. Joy is the pleasure that comes from our relationship with Jesus. Joy does not come from a change in our circumstances it comes from a change in our character. In Philippians 4:11 Paul said, “I have learned to be content in whatever circumstances I am in.”
Forty times Jesus’ name is mentioned in this letter. The center of Joy is Jesus. He is the hub and the spokes radiate out from our dependence on Him daily.
II. Paul’s gratefulness
A) As a result of the Philippians partnership in the gospel (Philippians 1:5)
The word Paul used for partnership in the Gospel is the same word we learned in Acts 2, fellowship in the Gospel. They didn’t just hear Paul’s message they helped with Paul’s ministry. It is the word translated fellowship. It does not mean food gatherings!! It means sharing common concerns, goals, lifestyles, dreams and partnering together so that there everyone in our circle of influence hears the name of Jesus and the good news of the gospel! Paul is so thankful here because the Philippians weren’t just spectators in History they were participants.