Summary: A texual study of Hebrews Three
Christ is Superior to Moses
Hebrews Chapter Three
1. The author in chapter two gave a great argument for Christ superiority.
a. A Superior Message.
b. A Superior Man.
c. A Superior Christ
d. A Superior Relationship
e. A Superior Personification
f. A Superior Life.
2. In this chapter Paul will argue that Jesus is better than Moses.
I. Christ Faith Is Superior to Moses’s v. 1-2
Why Worry When You Are a Child of a Father Who Sustains the World?
Spurgeon speaks of an evening when he was riding home after a heavy day’s work. He felt weary and depressed, when as suddenly as a lightning flash came this verse, "My grace is sufficient for thee." He said, "I should think it is, Lord," and he burst out laughing. It seemed to make unbelief so absurd.
"It was as if some little fish, being very thirsty, was troubled about drinking the river dry, and the river says, ’Drink away, little fish, my stream is sufficient for thee.’
"Or, it seemed like a little mouse in the granaries of Egypt after seven years of plenty fearing it might die of famine, and Joseph might say, ’Cheer up, little mouse, my granaries are sufficient for thee.’
"Again, I imagined a man away up on yonder mountain saying to himself, ’I fear I shall exhaust all the oxygen in the atmosphere.’But the earth might say, ’Breathe away, oh man, and fill thy lungs ever; my atmosphere is sufficient for thee.’"
Little faith will bring our souls to heaven, but great faith will bring heaven to us.
a. Christian Brotherhood v. 1
i. The combinations of these two words occur only here in the New Testament.
1. The “holy brethren” are the Hebrew Christians.
a. They were brethren because they had the same father.
b. They were holy because they had been sanctified.
ii. These Christians had been separated from the world because of Christ’ sacrifice.
b. Christian Calling v.1
i. “heavenly calling”
1. Christians have been invited share in the inheritance of heaven.
a. We have all been called by the gospel.
(14) Whereunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
What we are called from and called to: What we are made by obeying the call:
I. Called from labor to rest (Matt. 11:28) I. We are made sons of God (John 1:12)
II. Called from death to life (1 John 3:14) II. We are made the children of God (Gal. 3:26)
III. Called from bondage to liberty (Gal 5:13) III. We are made the servants of God (Matt. 25:21)
IV. Called out of darkness into light (1 Pet. 2:9) IV. We are made God’s saints (Col. 1:1)
V. Called from bondage to peace (1 Cor. 7:15 V. We are made God’s witnesses (I Thess. 2:10)
VI. Called to the fellowship of His Son (1 Cor. 1:9) VI. We are made workers together with God (2 Cor. 6:1)
2. Jesus became “flesh and blood” and Christians will become spirit.
ii. This is an invitation to everyone.
“The Israelites had an earthly calling; they were called out of Egypt to go into the promised land: Christians have a heavenly calling; they are invited to leave the bondage of sin, and go to the kingdom of God. These were made partakers of this calling; they had already embraced the Gospel, and were brought into a state of salvation.”
Adam Clarke’s Commentary on the Bible
c. Christian Example v.1b-2
i. There is a call here to remember “our profession.”
1. These Hebrew Christians had once confessed Christ but now wanted to return to Judaism.
2. Paul calls on them to remember why they had called on Christ.
ii. Christ is our “apostle and high priest.”
1. The word “apostle” means one sent on a mission
a. Christ mission was to redeem all mankind.
b. An apostle is God’s representative on earth.
2. A “high priest” represents man in the presence of God.
a. By introducing the idea of Jesus being our high priest, (which he did in Chapters 1 and 2) he will begin to contrast, Christ and Moses, and Christ and Aaron.
iii. He is “faithful.”
1. It was God who appointed Moses as his apostle and Aaron as his high priest in the old covenant.
2. It is God who appointed Jesus as apostle and high priest in this new covenant.
3. Christ is faithful in that he will continue to be our high priest and apostle.
II. Christ Position Is Superior to Moses’s v. 3-6
a. Jesus is the builder of the house as opposed to Moses only being part of the house v. 3-4
i. “worthy of more glory than Moses.”
1. Why? Because the one “who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house.”