Summary: A texual study of Hebrews Three
Adam Clarke’s Commentary on the Bible
c. Christian Example v.1b-2
i. There is a call here to remember “our profession.”
1. These Hebrew Christians had once confessed Christ but now wanted to return to Judaism.
2. Paul calls on them to remember why they had called on Christ.
ii. Christ is our “apostle and high priest.”
1. The word “apostle” means one sent on a mission
a. Christ mission was to redeem all mankind.
b. An apostle is God’s representative on earth.
2. A “high priest” represents man in the presence of God.
a. By introducing the idea of Jesus being our high priest, (which he did in Chapters 1 and 2) he will begin to contrast, Christ and Moses, and Christ and Aaron.
iii. He is “faithful.”
1. It was God who appointed Moses as his apostle and Aaron as his high priest in the old covenant.
2. It is God who appointed Jesus as apostle and high priest in this new covenant.
3. Christ is faithful in that he will continue to be our high priest and apostle.
II. Christ Position Is Superior to Moses’s v. 3-6
a. Jesus is the builder of the house as opposed to Moses only being part of the house v. 3-4
i. “worthy of more glory than Moses.”
1. Why? Because the one “who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house.”
ii. “he that built all things is God.”
1. If one who builds a house receives more honor, one must remember that God built the resources to build the house
2. This is a direct reference to Jesus being God.
Imagine a family of mice who live all their lives in a large piano. To them in their piano-world came the music of the instrument, filling all the dark spaces with sound and harmony. At first the mice were impressed by it. They drew comfort and wonder from the thought that there was Someone who made the mu sic-invisible to them-yet close to them. They loved to think of the Great Player whom they could not see.
Then one day a daring young mouse climbed up part of the piano and returned very thoughtful. He had found out how the music was made. Wires were the secret; tightly stretched wires of graduated lengths which trembled and vibrated. They must revise all their old beliefs: none but the most conservative could any longer believe in the Unseen Player. Later, another explorer carried the explanation further. Hammers were now the secret, numbers of hammers dancing and leaping on the wires. This was a more complicated theory, but it all went to show that they lived in a purely mechanical and mathematical world. The Unseen Player came to be thought of as a myth. But the Pianist continued to play.
b. Jesus is the son of the house as opposed to Moses only being a servant of the house v. 5-6
i. Moses was faithful in his house.
ii. Christ is faithful over his own house.
iii. Both are faithful but Christ is better because of his position in his own house.
1. In the book of exodus;
a. Moses’ house is delivered from Egyptian bondage but Christ has delivered us from sin.
b. Moses ate the Passover lame, but Jesus was the Passover lamb.
c. The Red sea was a hindrance in the way of liberation, but Jesus has liberated us from all hindrances to God.