Sermons

Summary: PAUL CHANGES FOCUS IN CHAPTER FIVE AND BEGINS TO DEAL WITH THE ISSUE OF SANCTIFICATION. THIS IS THE FIRST PART OF A TWO PART MESSAGE THAT DEALS WITH FIVE CONTRASTS BETWEEN THE OLD COVENANT AND THE NEW COVENANT, THE FIRST ADAM AND THE LAST ADAM..

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COMPARE AND CONTRAST

ROMANS 5:12-6:14

THERE HAVE BEEN TIMES WHEN I HAVE BEEN ASKED TO EXPLAIN SOME VERY CONTROVERSIAL THEOLOGICAL POSITIONS, ONE OF WHICH IS THE UNIVERSALITY OF SIN. IT DOES NOT SEEM FAIR THAT BECAUSE ADAM SINNED, WE SHOULD ALL BE PLACED IN A GUILTY POSITION AS SINNERS. SOME HAVE REACHED THE SIMPLE CONDITION THAT IT’S ALL HIS FAULT.

PAUL HAS USED CHAPTERS 3-5 TO DISCUSS THE ISSUE OF “JUSTIFICATION”. HE HAS JUST FINISHED AN INDEPTH DISCUSSION ON HOW WE ARE SAVED AND DECLARED RIGHTEOUS. PAUL ALSO DEALS WITH ISSUES OF THE LAW WITH REGARDS TO “JUSTIFICATION”, ESPECIALLY WITH THE TIME FRAME BETWEEN ADAM TO THE INTRODUCTION OF THE LAW WITH MOSES.

NOW, HE IS ENTERING A SECOND PHASE OF HIS LETTER WHERE HE IS INSTRUCTING CHRISTIANS ON HOW TO DEEPEN THEIR FAITH ONCE THEY HAVE BEEN SAVED OR JUSTIFIED. HE WILL FOLLOW THIS COURSE IN CHAPTERS 6 AND 7, DEALING WITH THE RESULTS OF LEADING A SANCTIFIED LIFE IN CHAPTER 8.

THIS PASSAGE DEALS WITH HOW “THE SIN NATURE” IS PASSED ON TO ALL OF HUMANITY, AND HOW THE NEW ERA OR COVENANT WAS INTRODUCED BY CHRIST. HE DOES THIS BY USING A DEBATE STYLE OF WRITING, BUT HIS DEBATE IS WITH AN IMAGINARY CHARACTER, TO SET UP A SERIES OF FIVE CONTRASTS BETWEEN ADAM AND THE “OLD COVENANT” AND CHRIST AND THE “NEW COVENANT.”

PAUL, THROUGHOUT THE BOOK OF ROMANS, HAS ALWAYS MAINTAINED THE UNIVERSAL GUILT AND RESPONSIBILITY FOR ALL PEOPLE AS A RESULT OF SIN. NUMEROUS TIMES HE HAS STATED THAT THERE IS NO DIFFERENCE BETWEEN JEW AND GENTILE AND EVERYONE STANDS IN NEED OF JUSTIFICATION.

AS WE EXAMINE THE PASSAGE WE FIND THREE CONNECTING WORDS. “THEREFORE” IS USED TWICE AND “CONSEQUENTLY” IS USED ONCE.

THE FIRST USE OF “THEREFORE” IS FOUND IN VERSE 1 AND CONNECTS THE RESULTS OF JUSTIFICATION LISTED IN THE FIRST 11 VERSES OF CHAPTER 5 TO THE THOUGHTS ON JUSTIFICATION THAT ARE GIVEN IN CHAPTERS 4 AND 3..

NOTE THESE RESULTS:

1. WE HAVE PEACE WITH GOD

2. WE HAVE BY FAITH GAINED ACCESS INTO HIS GRACE

3. WE BOAST IN THE HOPE OF THE GLORY OF GOD

4. WE ARE SAVED FROM GOD’S WRATH THROUGH HIM

5. WE HAVE RECEIVED RECONCILIATION THROUGH HIM

PAUL HAS A CHANGE IN THOUGHT IN VERSE TWELVE AND BEGINS TO TALK ABOUT HOW SIN ENTERED THE WORLD. HE USES “THEREFORE” IN THIS CASER TO JOIN THESE THOUGHTS WITH VERSES 9-11.

VERSE 12 IS ALSO UNIQUE IN THAT PAUL LEAVES US HANGING A LITTLE BIT. HE EVENTUALLY WANTS TO SET UP A CONTRAST BETWEEN ADAM AND CHRIST, AS WE CAN SEE FROM THE VERSES THAT FOLLOW, BUT VERSE 12 STOPS IN HALF THOUGHT. HE SPEAKS ONLY OF HOW SIN ENTERED THE WORLD.

THIS NECESSITATES THE THIRD CONNECTING WORD. “CONSEQUENTLY” SERVES BASICALLY THE SAME PURPOSE AS “THEREFORE” BUT IN THIS CASE, PAUL IS JOINING HIS THOUGHTS OF VERSE 12 TO GO ALONG WITH VV. 18 AND 19. NOW WE HAVE THE CONTRASTING PARTIES LISTED.

WHAT THEN IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF ADAM AND THE ENTRANCE OF SIN IN THE WORLD? I’VE HAD PEOPLE SAY TO ME THAT IT IS NOT FAIR THAT BECAUSE OF THE ACTIONS OF ONE MAN, WE ARE ALL GUILTY.


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