Summary: When we recognize God's greatness, our response will be to praise Him even in the face of the adversities of life.
It is easy to appreciate God's greatness during the good times. It is easy to praise God for His greatness when you are prosperous, when you have enough money to buy the things you want. It is easy to appreciate God's greatness when your health is good, when there seems to be no limit to the things you can do. It is easy to praise God for his greatness when all your relationships are running smoothly, when there is no conflict between you and your family and your co-workers and your friends. How easy it is to praise God for His greatness during the good times.
But do you always recognize God's greatness? Do you recognize God's greatness even when facing life's uncertainties? Can you still praise God during financial difficulties? Can you still praise God when your health is failing? Do you recognize God's greatness in both the good and the bad times?
Notice that the title of the psalm gives us the circumstances under which the psalm was written. In order to understand why David was hiding from Saul in a cave, we need to understand the relationship between David and Saul as it is described in the First Book of Samuel.
Saul was the king of Israel, but because he disobeyed God, he was rejected by God as the king. Please understand that Saul still held the position of King of Israel, however he did not have God's blessing, and it was simply a matter of time before Saul would be removed from the throne. It was at this time that David originally found favor with Saul because of his ability to play the harp which relieved Saul of the evil spirits God sent to torment him. Eventually, God chose David to become the future king of Israel, and according to the First Book of Samuel: "...the Spirit of the Lord came upon David in power". Later, David became an armor-bearer in Saul's army and perhaps he is best known for his battle with Goliath of Gath, the Philistine giant who stood over nine feet tall, and whom David was able to kill with a stone and a sling, the simple weapons of a shepherd.
David continued to experience success as a warrior, and, in fact, in everything he did David had great success because God was with him. As David's success as a warrior continued, he was promoted to a high rank in Saul's army. But David eventually lost favor with Saul. Saul became jealous of David's success as a warrior when the women in the towns of Israel sang about how "Saul has slain his thousands, and David his tens of thousands." Psalm 57 (quickview)  was written while David hid from Saul who sought to kill him because he knew David would replace him as the king of Israel.
We find David's initial response to Saul's pursuit in verse 1. As we read, notice where David keeps his immediate focus even though his life is in danger.
David's immediate focus, surprisingly, was not on his enemies. David knew his enemies were dangerous and that they sought to destroy him. Look at verse 4. Nevertheless, David kept his immediate focus off of his enemies. Instead, David responded to impending danger by confidently seeking God's