Summary: Yesterday's strength is not enough.

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  Study Tools


1. Grace. When Israel complained (16:3), God promises, “I will rain bread from heaven” (v. 4).

2. Criticism proves people are sinful and evil. They couldn’t trust God.

a. God sent 10 “miracle plagues” to destroy the gods of Egypt.

b. God opened up the Red Sea.

c. The cloud was within seeing distance. “The Lord went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud” (13:21).

3. Life is a test. “I will rain bread from heaven . . . that I may prove them” (16:4).

4. What should the test demonstrate? Our faithfulness to God. “Whether they will walk in My law or not” (v. 4).

5. What does God’s grace reveal? God’s presence with us. “In the morning, then ye shall see the glory of the Lord” (16:7).

6. What is our bread in our wilderness journey? Christ. “For the bread of God is He who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world” (John 6:33).

7. What is our challenge? Like Israel, we’re not weaned from Egypt’s past worldly satisfactions. “At least there (in Egypt) we had plenty to eat” (16:3, LB). All we can see are the problems around us.


1. Manna/bread didn’t touch the earth, it fell upon the dew. “The dew fell upon the crop at night, the manna fell upon it” (Num. 11:9, KJV).

2. Manna/bread was heavenly. (“What is it?”). You must get strength from God.

3. Manna/bread must be gathered early. “You must meet God early/first. “The people gathered the food morning by morning” (16:21, LB).

4. Manna/bread only lasted one day. “Do not keep any of it overnight” (16:19, LB). You must meet God daily for that day.

5. Yesterday’s strength is not enough. “But of course some of them did not listen . . . then it was full of maggots and had a terrible smell” (16:19, LB).

6. Spiritual strength for today’s problems takes human effort from heavenly food. Manna/bread had to be ground and cooked (Num. 11:7-8). “Bake or broil” (16:23, LB). You must study the Word and effectively pray.

7. The manna/bread followed them wherever Israel went. You can meet God anywhere.

8. Israel was on a journey, and so are you. Egypt behind them, the wilderness around them, Canaan before them.

9. The shed blood of the Passover Lamb (salvation) was not enough; they needed daily strength for the journey.

10. Israel, like you are pilgrims, gets nothing from the wilderness. “As strangers and pilgrims, stay away from evil desires” (1 Peter 2:11).

11. The Lord will meet you in the wilderness. “They looked toward the wilderness, and behold the glory of the Lord appeared in the cloud” (Ex. 16:10). The presence of God will come to you.

12. Manna/bread was both tasty and healthy. “The next morning the area around the camp was wet with dew” (16:13, LB). “White like coriander seed, and it tasted like honey cakes” (16:31, LB). Manna had oil and honey, reminiscent of fats and sugar; both give growth and strength to the body. The preparation depended which flavor to bring out. You daily get joy and strength from the presence of God.

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