Summary: In essentials unity, in non-essentials liberty, in all things charity.
At first glance, you might wonder just what all this writing about eating has to do with your Christian faith. After all, the text was penned with Jewish and Gentile Christians in mind and specifically written for the church at Rome.
The Jewish converts had a problem with the rigid Jewish laws. To be fair, the Jews were ancestors of the priests, who had authored the Levitical Law, and their forefathers, who had tried to follow this law to its very letter. They were what some might call legalists.
I am certain you have heard the word, especially in the context of scripture. If you take a quick glance at the subtitles within the book of Leviticus, you will see some delicate instructions. For example, there are instructions about how to handle burnt offerings, grain offerings, fellowship offerings, sin offerings, or guilt offerings. You will find distinctions between clean and unclean food. You might also note how a woman purifies herself after childbirth and how a leper is purified.
As I reflect on the situation for the Jews in the late first century after the coming of Christ, it is like being raised in a home with rigid structure, rules, and regulations, only to be moved to another home where the parents have an open-door policy, less structure, and consequences of your own making.
You see, we cling to the familiar, even if the familiar is rigid and uncompromising. And so the Jewish converts to the Christian faith could accept the idea of freedom through Jesus Christ, but they were not ready to give up their long-held tradition.
In fact, there were some Jewish-Christians that were so radical they insisted Gentile converts also abide by the traditional Jewish law. With the controversy continuing, the Apostle Paul writes these words of advice to the church at Rome, words that remind Jewish Christians of acceptance, unity, and respect over differences in minor practices of faith and tradition and a not-so-subtle reminder that judgment is always left to God.
You might wonder what all of this has to do with you. The issues may not be the same, but the underlying call for unity amidst diversity is still important for us. We still remain divided on issues of minor practice and tradition. Let me cite some examples.
A) Christian Conversion. Becoming a Christian does not have to be exciting or glamorous. People come from all backgrounds and walks of life, and all can receive Christ’s love. Ruth Bell Graham, wife of evangelist Billy Graham, writes in one of her books about her upbringing as a minister’s daughter. For her, the Christian faith surrounded her from birth. She never knew a time when she did not know Jesus. That is a very different kind of conversion experience than her husband had, who accepted Christ at a revival when he was sixteen. (1)
Is there a recipe for conversion? Is there a formula for certification in the Christian Church? I don't think so. I believe that every person's experience with conversion is different.
B) Baptism. There are some denominations that try to tell you how to be baptized. For instance, if you were sprinkled in the Presbyterian, Episcopalian, or Catholic Church but wanted to join an evangelical Protestant church, you might be asked to be re-baptized.