Summary: The lesson of Israel teaches us about dealing with some of life’s difficult questions.

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INTRODUCTION: A. How do you answer these questions?

1. If humans evolved from monkeys and apes, why do we still have monkeys and


2. Is there another word for “synonym”?

3. What do you do when you see an endangered animal eating an endangered plant?

4. Would a fly without wings be called a walk?

5. Why do they lock gas station bathrooms? Are they afraid someone will clean them?

6. If the police arrest a mime, do they tell him he has the right to remain silent?

7. What was the “best thing” before sliced bread?

8. If you try to fail, but succeed, which have you done?

B. Life is full of difficult questions.

1. There just doesn’t seem to be answers to all of our questions.

2. Some of the most difficult questions come when we don’t understand what God is

doing in our lives.

3. Through Paul’s teaching about Israel, we can find some answers to some very

perplexing questions.


--Rom. 9:4-13 – “the people of Israel. Theirs is the adoption as sons; theirs the divine glory, the covenants,

the receiving of the law, the temple worship and the promises. Theirs are the patriarchs, and from them is

traced the human ancestry of Christ, who is God over all, forever praised! Amen. It is not as though God’s

word had failed. For not all who are descended from Israel are Israel. Nor because they are his

descendants are they all Abraham’s children. On the contrary, ‘It is through Isaac that your offspring will

be reckoned.’ In other words, it is not the natural children who are God’s children, but it is the children of

the promise who are regarded as Abraham’s offspring. For this was how the promise was stated: ‘At the

appointed time I will return, and Sarah will have a son.’ Not only that, but Rebekah’s children had one and

the same father, our father Isaac. Yet, before the twins were born or had done anything good or bad—in

order that God’s purpose in election might stand: not by works but by him who calls—she was told, ‘The

older will serve the younger.’ Just as it is written: ‘Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.’”

A. The Jews were confused

--They wanted to know why God had turned His back on His chosen people.

1. If they were supposed to be the chosen people, why is God now allowing Gentiles to receive His


2. If they were supposed to be the chosen people, why is it that not all Jews are considered

saved under the teachings of Jesus Christ?

3. Why didn’t God follow through on what He said He was going to do?

B. God was faithful in what He promised.

--Look at the blessings He brought through the Jewish people (vss. 4 & 5):

1. Adoption as sons

a. God had called a man we know as Abraham to become the father of a special people and God was

known as the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob

b. This special people would be set apart to serve God and His purposes on this earth

2. The divine glory


3. The covenants

a. The covenant with Adam

b. The covenant with Noah

c. The covenant with Moses

d. The covenant with Abraham

4. The receiving of the Law

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