Summary: James in teaching a lot on the subject of prayer, now brings up the great example of Elijah and some of his prayers and from which Christians are exhorted to pray with the fervency that Elijah prayed.

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1. Open your bibles to James 5:17&18.

2. In a previous study we studied James 5:16. In James 5:16, James teaches that prayers can be effective and will avail much (that is have great force and provide benefits over and over again) when they are prayed with fervency and by those who are righteous.

3. After James 5:16 teaches those things about prayer, in verses 17&18, James brings up a couple of examples of Elijah to illustrate effective praying when done fervently and by a righteous man.

4. Let’s discuss the things that James says about Elijah.



1. Let’s read James 5:17a, “Elijah was a man with a nature like ours.”

(1) The KJV says, “Elijah was a man subject to like passions as we are.”

(2) James wants Christians to understand that Elijah possessed the same sorrows, joys, and other emotions that characterize human beings in every generation. Elijah was subject to the same human tendencies and had the same kind of weaknesses that are so common among us all.

2. Turn to 1 Kings 18:17&ff. From this section of scripture we will look at something that took place in life of Elijah that illustrate what James is saying about Elijah being like other human beings. We will learn that Elijah had courage, but he also had fears and human frailties and human weaknesses.

(1) In 1 Kings 18:17-40 Elijah challenged the 450 false prophets of King Ahab and Queen Jezebel to call upon their god and bring fire down from heaven and burn the sacrifice and the wood that they had made to their god [spelled with a little “g”].

(1) Let’s begin to read and make some brief comments as we read 1 Kings 18:17-40. “17 Then it happened, when Ahab [Ahab was the king of the 10 tribes of Israel that were guilty of worshipping idols.] saw Elijah, that Ahab said to him, “Is that you, O troubler of Israel?” 18 And he answered, “I have not troubled Israel, but you and your father’s house have, in that you have forsaken the commandments of the LORD and have followed the Baals. 19 Now therefore, send and gather all Israel to me on Mount Carmel, the four hundred and fifty prophets of Baal, and the four hundred prophets of Asherah, who eat at Jezebel’s table.” 20 So Ahab sent for all the children of Israel, and gathered the prophets together on Mount Carmel. 21 And Elijah came to all the people, and said, “How long will you falter between two opinions? If the LORD is God, follow Him; but if Baal, follow him.” But the people answered him not a word. 22 Then Elijah said to the people, “I alone am left a prophet of the LORD; but Baal’s prophets are four hundred and fifty men. 23 Therefore let them give us two bulls; and let them choose one bull for themselves, cut it in pieces, and lay it on the wood, but put no fire under it; and I will prepare the other bull, and lay it on the wood, but put no fire under it. 24 Then you call on the name of your gods, and I will call on the name of the LORD; and the God who answers by fire, He is God.”

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