Summary: Demonstrate your fear of God and love for God by keeping His commandments.
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The Preacher’s first and last words in Ecclesiastes are “Vanity of vanities! All is vanity” (1:2; 12:8). This is his evaluation of “life under the sun.” If all you have is this life, in the end, you have nothing.
Besides being wise, the Preacher also taught the people knowledge, weighing and studying and arranging many proverbs with great care (v. 9).
Though the wisdom of Ecclesiastes was taught by the Preacher, it originated from God, the “one Shepherd” (v. 11).
• God’s wisdom contains both PLEASING and PAINFUL words.
The Preacher sought to find words of delight, and uprightly he wrote words of truth (v. 10).
The Preacher was concerned with not only what he said, but also how he said it.
Pleasing words: “For everything there is a season, and time for every matter under heaven” (3:1). “Two are better than one” (4:9). “A dream comes with much business, and a fool’s voice with many words” (5:3). “The race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong” (9:11).
Painful words: “All is vanity and a striving after wind” (1:14). “Surely there is not a righteous man on earth who does good and never sins” (7:20). “The dust returns to the earth as it was, and the spirit returns to God who gave it” (12:7).
• God’s wisdom provides CORRECTION and STABILITY.
The words of the wise are like goads, and like nails firmly fixed are the collected sayings; they are given by one Shepherd (v. 11).
“All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness” (2 Timothy 3:16).
“Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me? It is hard for you to kick against the goads” (Acts 26:14).
• God’s wisdom is often INCOMPATIBLE with man’s wisdom.
My son, beware of anything beyond these. Of making many books there is no end, and much study is weariness of the flesh (v. 12).
ILLUSTRATION: My “books to read” list.
Example of incompatibility between God’s and man’s wisdom: homosexuality.
THE FINAL WORD
The end of the matter; all has been heard. Fear God and keep his commandments (v. 13a).
The book of Ecclesiastes concludes with two commands:
1. FEAR God.
Fearing God is a recurring topic in Ecclesiastes (3:14; 5:7; 7:18; 8:12-13).
2. KEEP God’s commandments.
There is a link between fearing God and keeping His commandments (Deuteronomy 6:1-2; 8:6; 10:12-13; 13:4; 31:12).
The ATTITUDE of fearing God should result in the ACTION of keeping His commandments.
Why should we fear God and keep His commandments? Two reasons:
• This is our PURPOSE.
For this is the whole duty of man (v. 13b).
“For this is man’s all” (NKJV).
• We will face JUDGMENT.
For God will bring every deed into judgment, with every secret thing, whether good or evil (v. 14).