Summary: Let us look closer at the statements of this compromiser and notice three mistakes he made.


Acts 5:34-40

The book of Acts is not a dull book to say the least. Something seems

to be happening in every verse. This early church energized by the

Holy Spirit finds itself in head itself in facing trouble from the

inside of the church at the beginning of Acts 5. In verse 17 the

church is facing trouble from the outside of the church.

When we come to verse 34 we find trouble from the fence (trouble in


Gamaliel, a learned and famous teacher of the law stands up and begins

to speak. He cautions the council to be wise and cites two cases on

record and he then advises the council to spend judgement.

There was a time when I was impressed with Gamaliel. There was a

time when I thought he made a great speech. What he said seemed sober,

sane, sound and sensible. However, the closer I look at his speech,

the less I am impressed with it.

Gamaliel was an appeaser and compromiser. Gamaliel sits on the fence.

The worst enemies of the church are not the opposeres of the church

but the appeasers and compromises.

Gamaliel council is often preferred above Paul today. If Paul clearly

condemns something, his word is pushed aside in favor of Gamaliel’s

council. However, Paul is not alone in this. Gamaliel is even wiser

than the Lord Jesus Christ in the estimation of some. Where Christ

says, "Beware of false prophets," Gamaliel says, "Leave them be; just

watch and wait. Say nothing and do nothing. And if they survive and

flourish, they will prove to be from God."

Who, then, was this man Gamaliel? Was he a good and faithful wise

man? Did he speak from God? Is his celebrated counsel as wonderful as

many seem to think?

Gamaliel was a leading Pharisee, a doctor of the law, and a member of

the Jewish Sanhedrin, who possessed great influence between A.D. 20

and 58. He believed firmly that God’s favor was secured by virtue of

being born a Jew, and by meticulous obedience to the ceremonial law.

As a leading Pharisee, he would have been swamped by

self-righteousness and vehemently hostile to salvation by grace

through faith.

He was well aware of the teaching of John the Baptist, that Christ

was the Lamb of God, appointed to take away the sin of the world. He

was also very familiar with the teaching of Christ, that the law could

not save the soul, and that individuals must repent and be born again

by the power of God. These teachings he rejected. Indeed, he rejected

the idea that Jesus Christ was any more than a man.

"Leave them alone, and let us see what will happen. Don’t get

involved," he suggested.

Now if, Gamaliel’s council is accepted, men must punish nobody, and

all crime must go uncorrected.

Gamaliel’s "do-nothing" counsel would certainly bring to an end all

law enforcement, if adopted by any State. However, God repeatedly

commands in His Word that right conduct should be approved and

wrongdoing should be restrained. The Sanhedrin had a duty to establish

the truth (using the Scriptures) and act accordingly.

If the apostles were teaching correctly, they should been supported

and encouraged. If they were teaching falsehood, they should have been

excluded from the Temple, and the people warned.

Gamaliel and the council should have sided either for or against the

apostles. Gamaliel’s counsel was a total renouncing of

responsibility. He said, in effect, "Time will tell. In the meantime,

it does not matter whom they mislead."

Gamaliel’s counsel was not due to his being a foolish man, for he was

a renowned scholar and thinker. His reasoning was the product of his

fear. He was afraid of the reaction of the crowds in Jerusalem.

The other members of the Jewish Council imagined that they possessed

the social standing and moral authority to get away with whatever

their murderous instincts dictated. Gamaliel knew better, realizing

that the death of the apostles could put the Council itself at risk.

So he warned, "Take heed to yourselves what you intend to do."

Self-preservation and self-interest was the motive behind Gamaliel’s

original counsel

Let us look closer at the statements of this compromiser and notice

three mistakes he made.

I. He asserted a foolish comparison

Gamaliel compares Jesus to a couple of wannabes. Gamaliel, to support

his plea to do nothing, mentioned the cases of two rebel leaders who

had been killed (apparently by the Roman authorities), with the result

their their influence soon declining. The obvious implication was that

Jesus of Nazareth had also been put to death by the Romans, and his

following would doubtless die out in the same way.

He compared Jesus of Nazareth with just another man - Theudas and

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