Summary: I. EXORDIUM: Are you a friend of a powerful, influential person? Has it changed your life for the better? II. AUDIENCE PROFILE: Believers III. OBJECTIVES: To prove that Knowledge (Jonathan) encourages, befriended, loved and supported Grace


Are you a friend of a powerful, influential person? Has it changed your life for the better?




To prove that Knowledge (Jonathan) encourages, befriended, loved and supported Grace (King David)


1 Samuel 23:17 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

“Don’t be afraid,” Jonathan reassured him. “My father will never find you! You are going to be the king of Israel, and I will be next to you, as my father, Saul, is well aware.”


To prove knowledge in the life of Jonathan as friend of King David symbolizing grace.


Friend of Grace: Jonathan


A. Authors: Samuel (Israel's last greatest judge) - some parts of it, Nathan and Gad (1 Samuel 10:25, 1 Chronicles 29:29) and some say it's Anonymous

1 Samuel 10:25 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

Then Samuel told the people what the rights and duties of a king were. He wrote them down on a scroll and placed it before the Lord. Then Samuel sent the people home again.

1 Chronicles 29:29 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

All the events of King David’s reign, from beginning to end, are written in The Record of Samuel the Seer, The Record of Nathan the Prophet, and The Record of Gad the Seer.

B. Purpose of writing: Account of the history of Israel from 12th to 10th B.C.


King Saul symbolizes the law, while King David symbolizes Grace and Jonathan, the friend of King David symbolizes knowledge.

A. Don't be afraid

"“Don’t be afraid,” Jonathan reassured him." - imagine Knowledge encouraging Grace.

1. Fear paralyzes

1 John 4:18 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

Such love has no fear, because perfect love expels all fear. If we are afraid, it is for fear of punishment, and this shows that we have not fully experienced his perfect love.

Hebrews 2:15 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

Only in this way could he set free all who have lived their lives as slaves to the fear of dying.

2 Timothy 1:7 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

For God has not given us a spirit of fear and timidity, but of power, love, and self-discipline.

Actually, GOD wants our reverential fear towards Him alone and not to anyone or anything.

Revelation 19:5 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

And from the throne came a voice that said, “Praise our God, all his servants, all who fear him, from the least to the greatest.”

Revelation 15:4 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

Who will not fear you, Lord, and glorify your name? For you alone are holy. All nations will come and worship before you, for your righteous deeds have been revealed.”

Revelation 14:7 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

“Fear God,” he shouted. “Give glory to him. For the time has come when he will sit as judge. Worship him who made the heavens, the earth, the sea, and all the springs of water.”

1 Peter 2:17 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

Respect everyone, and love your Christian brothers and sisters. Fear God, and respect the king.

1 Peter 1:17 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

And remember that the heavenly Father to whom you pray has no favorites. He will judge or reward you according to what you do. So you must live in reverent fear of him during your time as “foreigners in the land.”

2. Faith will not operate in fear.

Ephesians 3:12 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

Because of Christ and our faith in him, we can now come boldly and confidently into God’s presence.

Luke 8:25 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

Then he asked them, “Where is your faith?” The disciples were terrified and amazed. “Who is this man?” they asked each other. “When he gives a command, even the wind and waves obey him!”

John 12:42 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

Many people did believe in him, however, including some of the Jewish leaders. But they wouldn’t admit it for fear that the Pharisees would expel them from the synagogue.

Because of the Pharisee afraid of the people, they can't confess their faith in CHRIST, which if we can remember faith has to do with our confession. Fear paralyzed these believing Pharisees.

1 John 4:15 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

All who confess that Jesus is the Son of God have God living in them, and they live in God.

Mark 8:38 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

If anyone is ashamed of me and my message in these adulterous and sinful days, the Son of Man will be ashamed of that person when he returns in the glory of his Father with the holy angels.”

.. but will work in holy fear (reverential fear towards GOD

Hebrews 11:7 (New International Version)

By faith Noah, when warned about things not yet seen, in holy fear built an ark to save his family. By his faith he condemned the world and became heir of the righteousness that comes by faith.

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