Summary: Eve and the first marriage are a type of the Church and the last marriage.
We’re studying the creation account, and last week we saw how Adam is a type of Christ in his dominion over all the earth. This week we’re going to look at the creation of Eve and the establishment of the first marriage and see how it’s related to our hope.
27So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.
Go to 2:18 for a more detailed description:
2:18And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him. 19And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof. 20And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him. 21And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; 22And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man. 23And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man. 24Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
We should be leery of assigning too much symbolism, but Paul uses this text in Ephesians to show how Christ’s church is His body: “He that loveth his wife loveth himself. 29For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the Lord the church: 30For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones. 31For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. 32This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church” (Eph. 5:28-32).
What we read in Genesis shows us our relationship to Christ and how we’re united to Him. Eve and the first marriage are types of the church and of the last marriage. What we’ve read here is a great source of comfort to us for several reasons:
First, Eve came from Adam. And look at what Adam said: “This is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh.” Paul says, “We are members of His body, of His flesh, of His bones.” The Body and the Bride aren’t two ways of explaining one truth, and we shouldn’t separate them. When we think of the church being one of these we ought to keep in mind that Adam’s bride came from Adam’s body. The church is Christ’s bride and members of His body, of His flesh and of His bones.
We’re also encouraged because we see that the marriage was arranged. Eve was created specifically for Adam. Think about this in relation to our election: “according as He has chosen us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him” (Eph. 1:4). Being the bride isn’t an accident; this is something planned before time began.
Third, notice that there was only one bride. I’m not talking so much about a case for monogamy as I am the direction of Adam’s love. There is one woman created for him, and it’s this woman he loves and marries. The church is not Jew and Gentile, male and female, rich and poor—there is one Bride loved by Christ! This is why offending even the least offends Him very much.
“There are threescore queens, and fourscore concubines, and virgins without number. 9My dove, my undefiled is but one; she is the only one of her mother, she is the choice one of her that bare her. The daughters saw her, and blessed her; yea, the queens and the concubines, and they praised her” (Song of Sol. 6:8-9)
Fourth, the unity is so complete that they are called one flesh. “Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word; 21That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me. 22And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one: 23I in them, and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one; and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved them, as thou hast loved me” (Jn. 17:20-23).