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Summary: Cain kills Abel and shows himself to be of Satan and a hater of the righteous.

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Genesis 4:1-24

January 9, 2013

Adam and Eve have been kicked out of the Garden:

4:1And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD. 2And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. 3And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD. 4And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering: 5But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.

Apparently some instruction had been given explaining how to make sacrifice, but Cain chose his own way and it was rejected. This made him angry so the Lord confronts him:

6And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen? 7If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.

This is an interesting statement because we know that no man can overpower sin. But there’s a command to all men to keep pure and to stay away from evil: “Who shall ascend into the hill of the LORD? or who shall stand in his holy place? 4He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully. 5He shall receive the blessing from the LORD, and righteousness from the God of his salvation. 6This is the generation of them that seek him, that seek thy face, O Jacob” (Ps. 24:3-6). I want you to pay special attention to word “generation” because the concept of lineage plays a big role in Genesis 4. There is a generation that seeks the Lord, but it’s not the generation of Cain:

8And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.

By killing his brother, Cain shows what kind of man he is. The command went without heed:

9And the LORD said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: Am I my brother’s keeper?

Compare this to I Tim. 5:8: “But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.”

10And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother’s blood crieth unto me from the ground. 11And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother’s blood from thy hand; 12When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.

The serpent is cursed to crawl on his belly and the ground is cursed to grow thorns and thistles, but Adam and Eve aren’t cursed. Cain, however, is. Adam works the cursed ground to receive his food, but Cain is cursed from it completely—it will produce no food for him! This is fitting because the ground received Abel’s blood from Cain’s hand; he sowed with blood and he’ll reap the consequences. Now the farmer is condemned to wander the earth as a drifter and a nomad.


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