Summary: The cross is the divine vindication of the righteousness of God and demonstrates his willingness to go to the uttermost limit to secure our forgiveness.
Grace And The Cross
I. God’s Fairness in Punishment (vv. 25-26)
A. Is it right for God to punish sinners? Questions to consider.
1. According to the Bible, the punishment of hell is eternal. Is it just to require someone to burn forever for sins committed within only a lifetime? Should the one who has only lived say 12 years pay for her sin for eternity?
2. Is it not better to see God as a grandfatherly type who may threaten but will in the end overlook and forgive?
3. Will our good deeds not be taken into consideration and weighed against our evil actions?
4. What about those who have not clearly heard the gospel?
B. Paul’s discussion of former and present times as it relates to God’s punishment and grace.
1. According to Paul, God was just in not punishing those who live before Christ (former times) (v. 25)
2. Now how are we to interpret this? Didn’t God punish sinners before Christ? Didn’t those who died without Christ before Christ died on the cross go to hell?
3. Paul will later declare that the wages of sin is death. (6:23)
4. In the present time, he is declaring sinners righteous because they believe in Christ.
5. Questions to consider: What happened to those who lived before Christ when they died? Was it fair for God to condemn them since Christ had not come yet? If God saved people before that time, why did Christ need to come?
C. The cross is the focal point in salvation history.
1. Salvation was not by one avenue before the cross and a different one afterwards.
2. Salvation has always been by faith, whether before or after the cross.
3. Those who lived before Christ were made right with God by faith (and it was actually faith in the cross even if they did not understand God’s plan or had even heard the name of Jesus). The promise of the cross was veiled in what theologians term the Protoevangelium. (Genesis 3:15)
4. Two examples are Noah and Abraham.
5. Noah was declared right with God by his faith, and his faith was proven by his resulting action of trusting God by building the Ark.
6. Abraham is known as the father of the faithful and also proved his faith by leaving his homeland and trusting God to guide him to his designated new home. (Hebrews 11:8)
7. People on this side of the cross are saved in the same way with the difference being we now have past knowledge of what Jesus has done.
D. God’s fairness in salvation is just whether before or after the cross.
1. Paul mentions that God did not punish those who sinned before the cross.
2. This does not mean God did not punish temporally or even eternally. Scripture is filled with stories of how God punished those who ignored him, and we can be sure their eternal destiny was hell, so what does Paul mean?
3. Remember God told Adam and Eve they would die if they ate fruit from the forbidden tree.
4. When they disobeyed, they did not immediately die physically. Scholars debate whether they would have lived forever had they not eaten, but since they did, God had to remove them so they could not eat of the tree of life and live forever in their fallen state.