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Summary: I. EXORDIUM: Now we are under grace, enjoy grace here on earth II. AUDIENCE PROFILE: Believers III. OBJECTIVES: To prove that grace is better than the law IV. TEXT: 1 Samuel 24:17 (New Living Translation, Second Edition) And he sai

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I. EXORDIUM:

Now we are under grace, enjoy grace here on earth

II. AUDIENCE PROFILE:

Believers

III. OBJECTIVES:

To prove that grace is better than the law

IV. TEXT:

1 Samuel 24:17 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

And he said to David, “You are a better man than I am, for you have repaid me good for evil.

V. THESIS:

Grace is better than the law in it's goodness

VI. TITLE:

Grace Goodness As Declared By The Law

VII. EXPLICATION:

A. Authors: Samuel (Israel's last greatest judge) - some parts of it, Nathan and Gad (1 Samuel 10:25, 1 Chronicles 29:29) and some say it's Anonymous

1 Samuel 10:25 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

Then Samuel told the people what the rights and duties of a king were. He wrote them down on a scroll and placed it before the Lord. Then Samuel sent the people home again.

1 Chronicles 29:29 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

All the events of King David’s reign, from beginning to end, are written in The Record of Samuel the Seer, The Record of Nathan the Prophet, and The Record of Gad the Seer.

B. Purpose of writing: Account of the history of Israel from 12th to 10th B.C.

VIII. MAIN BODY:

A. King Saul (symbolizing the law) admitted David (symbolizing Grace) is better than him.

Grace is better than the law

"You are a better man than I am,"

1. Better or Righteous came from the Greek word:"tsaddiyq" meaning just, lawful and righteous.

Hebrews 12:24 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

You have come to Jesus, the one who mediates the new covenant between God and people, and to the sprinkled blood, which speaks of forgiveness instead of crying out for vengeance like the blood of Abel.

2. It's called New Covenant

Hebrews 13:20 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

Now may the God of peace— who brought up from the dead our Lord Jesus, the great Shepherd of the sheep, and ratified an eternal covenant with his blood—

Isaiah 55:3 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

“Come to me with your ears wide open. Listen, and you will find life. I will make an everlasting covenant with you. I will give you all the unfailing love I promised to David.

Jeremiah 31:31-33 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

“The day is coming,” says the Lord, “when I will make a new covenant with the people of Israel and Judah.

This covenant will not be like the one I made with their ancestors when I took them by the hand and brought them out of the land of Egypt. They broke that covenant, though I loved them as a husband loves his wife,” says the Lord.

“But this is the new covenant I will make with the people of Israel on that day,” says the Lord. “I will put my instructions deep within them, and I will write them on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people.

2. CHRIST is the mediator of the New Covenant

Hebrews 9:15 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

That is why he is the one who mediates a new covenant between God and people, so that all who are called can receive the eternal inheritance God has promised them. For Christ died to set them free from the penalty of the sins they had committed under that first covenant.

Hebrews 8:8 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

But when God found fault with the people, he said: “The day is coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the people of Israel and Judah.

2 Corinthians 3:6 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

He has enabled us to be ministers of his new covenant. This is a covenant not of written laws, but of the Spirit. The old written covenant ends in death; but under the new covenant, the Spirit gives life.

1 Corinthians 11:25 (New Living Translation, Second Edition)

In the same way, he took the cup of wine after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant between God and his people—an agreement confirmed with my blood. Do this to remember me as often as you drink it.”

B. David (symbolizing Grace) pays back goodness to evil done to him

Grace pays goodness to evil done to it.

"for you have repaid me good for evil."

1. Repaid or rewarded came from the Greek word:"gamal" meaning to treat a person, deal bountifully, reward, to benefit, bestow on, to ripen

Romans 5:20-21 (New International Version)

The law was added so that the trespass might increase. But where sin increased, grace increased all the more,

so that, just as sin reigned in death, so also grace might reign through righteousness to bring eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Romans 6:14-15 (New International Version)

For sin shall not be your master, because you are not under law, but under grace.

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