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Summary: Gods call of repentance in v.1-3 is followed up by a warning about NOT repenting!

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Hosea 6:4-11 [HCSB]

May 15, 2013

Oak Park Baptist Church – Wed Bible Study Series

Hosea Bible Study

A Study of the Minor Prophets Hosea (750-725 BC)

HOSEA to Israel (Northern Kingdom)

Last time we looked at Hosea we looked at v.1-3 of this chapter and it was a cry by Hosea for the nations of Israel and Judah to repent! However, Hosea’s cry was a proclamation that came directly from God!

Thru Hosea God was telling ALL the people that IF they would repent and turn to Him that He would REVERSE His declarations about punishment and destruction! IF they would repent He would instead bring blessing! Where there is true repentance, God will bless!

However, the remainder of this chapter is NOT as optimistic or accommodating to the people! In fact, the remainder of this chapter speaks to the sorrow God knows He is about to experience because of sin and apostasy from the people! God KNOWS that even tho’ He has offered blessing for them to repent that their hearts are hardened and they won’t repent!

He is very clear that IF they would repent that He would bless them and reverse His judgments BUT He knew their hearts and knew that they would NOT change and so here in the remainder of this chapter God speaks directly about those sins…

The remaining verses of this chapter express a great sorrow that God was feeling toward His people because He knew that they were NOT going to change…

The remaining verses express God’s sorrow from several aspects. The first aspect Hosea reveals is God’s sorrow expressed thru His tremendous FRUSTRATION toward the people!

Let’s look at GOD’S FRUSTRATION in v.4-6

4What am I going to do with you, Ephraim? What am I going to do with you, Judah? Your loyalty is like the morning mist and like the early dew that vanishes. 5This is why I have used the prophets to cut them down; I have killed them with the words of My mouth. My judgment strikes like lightning. 6For I desire loyalty and not sacrifice, the knowledge of God rather than burnt offerings.

Here we see God airing His ultimate frustration with the nations of Israel and Judah because of their short-lived devotion to Him… they would promise obedience but would stray SOON after making that promise! They would never stick to a covenant with God.

V4 is almost like a parent looking at their children and saying “what am I going to do with you?”… in fact this translation actually uses that phrase!

4What am I going to do with you, Ephraim? What am I going to do with you, Judah? Your loyalty is like the morning mist and like the early dew that vanishes.

Now I want us to remember that the…

Ephraim = Northern Kingdom/Israel/10 tribes

Judah = Southern Kingdom/2 tribes

“What am I going to do with you?” is a phrase of exasperation that parents use with children who just won’t listen to them and refuse to obey them; no matter how strict they get with them or no matter how severe they punish them…

Here God is clearly exasperated with these 2 nations (of which He considered ONE nation… THEY had divided themselves… God had NOT divided them)


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