Summary: This Psalm was written by David when he was at the heighth of prosperity and power, about the middle of his reign as King of Israel. This is the Psalm of the warrior, and David gives God the credit for every victory. He acknowledges that the Lord alone
I AM WHAT I AM BY THE GRACE OF GOD - PSALM 18
Introduction: The title of this lesson comes from the book of I Corinthians 15:10 where Paul wrote, “But by the Grace of God I am what I am....” It will be impossible for us to cover the entire Psalm in detail in one lesson, but we do want to deal with the main thoughts and make some practical applications.
From the start, it is interesting that this Psalm is recorded twice in the Bible, here and in II Samuel 22. Surely this is to emphasize the importance of its contents.
This Psalm was written by David when he was at the heighth of prosperity and power, about the middle of his reign as King of Israel. This is the Psalm of the warrior, and David gives God the credit for every victory. He acknowledges that the Lord alone made him what he is. II Corinthians 15:10 sums up this Psalm in one sentence, thus we have our title. God had seen David through some difficult times and situations, and now David records how God’s goodness has made him great. David is expressing his gratitude as he considers God’s blessings in his life.
I. DIVINE PRAISE EXPRESSED - vs. 1-3 Someone has said that these three verse reach the “high water mark” of the Old Testament. Notice how David heaps up words as he describes what God has done for him and what God means to him. David is expressing praise to the Lord. He pictures the Lord as both Defender and Deliverer.
A. Stability - vs. 2 “my rock” The Winds and the waves may beat in fury against him, but only to be broken by the
Rock of Ages.
B. Security - vs. 2 “my fortress” Outside, the enemy may be gathered in hateful malignity, but no possible means of
entrance may be found to capture the trusting soul.
C. Strategy - vs. 2 “my deliverer” If God delivered the Israelites of old, surrounded by nature’s walls and pursued
by hating foes, then he will open a way when there is none, and deliver the trusting soul.
D. Salvation - vs. 2 “my trust” Not the fleetness of foot, not the power of his arm, not the number of his
followers, but the Lord himself was his trust.
E. Situations - vs. 2 “high tower” Sometimes the cares and situations of this world will get the child of God down,
but there is a place far above the plains of worldliness where we can dwell in calem restfulness and peace.
Some of these figures present David as a Fugitive, and others as a Fighter. Ever child of God should be both. “But thou, O man of God, FLEE (fugitive) these things; and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness. Fight the good FIGHT (fighter) of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art called and hast professed a good profession before many witnessess.” I Timothy 6:11-12
II. DIVINE POWER EXPERIENCED - vs. 4-19
A. David’s Peril - vs. 4-5
1. Three enemies are revealed in these verses, namely: Death, Hell, and Ungodly Men.
2. Sorrows and snares were on all sides. There seems to be no way of escape.
3. David’s foes were threefold.
a. Private -- Saul
b. Personal -- Satan
c. Public -- Sin
B. David’s Prayer - vs. 6 David overcame his foes through prayer.