Summary: When the remnant returned to Israel to rebuild the walls (Haggai 1:1, 2:4), Joshua was the High Priest at that time.
In verses 1-3
Joshua is appointed and Satan stands to accuse him.
Joshua was representing the nation of Israel. The allegations were precise, Joshua was standing in filthy rags, which represented sin.
Joshua’s appearance / man’s appearance.
Satan is continually blaming individuals for their transgressions before God. In any case, he misconstrues the expansiveness of God's kindness and absolution toward believers, and one day, he will be punished for all eternity while all of God’s children will be spared.
In verses 4-7
Joshua is made acceptable.
Zechariah’s vision shows how believers obtain mercy from God. It has nothing to do with us or anything that we can. However, it is God who removes our sins. When we repent of our sins and ask Christ into our hearts, that is when the filthy rags are removed, and we obtain a new set of clothes (righteousness, 2 Corinthians 5:21, Revelation 19:8).
Joshua is given a mitre (crown) and he was given a charge.
There wasn’t a priesthood during the exile, so it was restarted, and Joshua became the High Priest. One of the duties that the High Priest had to perform was the offering of a sacrifice, for the sins of the people on the Day of Atonement. The priest was the mediator between man and God. This was to represent the future Messiah who would change how the people’s sins were dealt with (Isaiah 11:1; Hebrews 10:8-14).
Imagine if you will a court room. God is the judge. Satan is the prosecuting attorney, telling the court everything you did wrong. You are the accused. Jesus is the defense lawyer, and He paid the price for your sins. Ever notice the prosecutor is to the left side of the judge and the defense is on the right?
If you were accused of being a Christian, would there be enough evidence to convict you?
We were appointed when we accepted Christ as our Savior. Satan is always trying to accuse us. In sin we had an old appearance, but in Christ we have a new appearance. We were made acceptable to God through the blood of Jesus. We’ve been given a crown of life, and we have also been given a charge to go and spread the Gospel of Jesus.
• Can anyone tell just by looking at us that we are Christians?
• Have we traded our old clothes for new clothes, our old walk for a new walk, our old way of talking for a new way of talking?
• Do we use the same language, same jokes, same clothes?
• Go to the same places
• Do we project Christ in our lives everywhere we go?
• Do we set the example?
• 1 John 2:15, 16
Thanks to Calvary, I’m not the man I used to be. Thanks to Calvary, things are different than before.
God: looks at Satan and says – Satan, what do you have to say?
Satan: looks at the man then looks toward God and says – This man is a liar, cheater, a drunkard, thief, selfish, had immoral thoughts.
Satan pulls off the man’s coat, parades him around and says – See, he’s nothing but filthy rags, he’s dirty, no good.
God: looks at Jesus and says – Jesus, what do you have to say?
Jesus: looks at the man then looks at God and says – One day I heard him cry out to me asking for forgiveness. He accepted my sacrifice of dying on the cross for his sins. I do not know of these things.
Jesus takes off the rags, parades man around and says – See here, he is clean!
Looks at crowd and says - What sins are you talking about? I don’t remember them anymore. From the Book of Life, they’ve all been torn out. I don’t remember them anymore.