Summary: This is a Bible study suitable for a Sunday School class or small group examining the meaning of the name "Immanuel."
Immanuel, God With Us
(A Bible study)
December 29, 2013
Isaiah 7:14 – “Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and SHALL CALL HIS NAME IMMANUEL.”
Matthew 1:18-25 – “Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost. 19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a public example, was minded to put her away privily. 20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. 21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins. 22 Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, 23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and THEY SHALL CALL HIS NAME EMMANUEL, WHICH BEING INTERPRETED IS, GOD WITH US. 24 Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife: 25 And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS.”
Note the name “Immanuel” mentioned at the end of both Isaiah 7:14 and Matthew 1:23. Immanuel means “God with us,” as Matthew explains. It was prophesied concerning the coming Messiah in Isaiah 7:14, the first scripture we just read, and it was fulfilled in Jesus, the true Messiah, here in Matthew 1:23. The name Immanuel (“God with us”) was also fulfilled in the very NAME of Jesus, which means “Savior.”If He had not been Immanuel (“God with us”), He could not have been Jesus (“Savior”). Let’s dissect the meaning of this name Immanuel.
I. “GOD” - TELLS US OF HIS PERSON.
The term “the Person of Jesus” is a theological term which means the identity of Jesus as both God and man; i.e., the teaching of the incarnation. No one denies the humanity of Jesus, but it’s important to understand that Jesus was also GOD!
How do we know? Let’s look at five unique facts about Jesus that prove His deity:
• Fulfilled prophecies prove His deity.
There are over 61 major Old Testament prophecies, and 600 total Old Testament prophecies, were fulfilled in Jesus Christ. Canon Lidden, an authority on the Old Testament prophecies concerning Jesus, says there are 332 distinct predictions which were literally fulfilled in Christ.”
As you can see, there is some disagreement on the exact number of prophecies concerning Jesus, but one thing they all agree on is that there are a LOT of them. And that fact is one of the greatest proofs of Christianity, as we’ll see in a few moments.
Let’s first look at some examples of the prophecies that Jesus fulfilled, and then we’ll examine the statistical probability of them happening by mere chance (SEE GROUP ACTIVITY AT THE END IN WHICH CLASS MEMBERS READ EACH BELOW):