Summary: Jesus on trial & the denial of Jesus by Peter the disciple. (Powerpoint slides to accompany this talk are available on request – email: firstname.lastname@example.org)
The Five Pieces in the Puzzle:
(1). Caiaphas the High Priest (vs 53)
(2). The Sanhedrin (vs 55)
(3). The Witnesses (vs 56-59)
(4). Jesus (vs 60-61b)
(5). Peter (vs 66-72)
Taken from a book called "Disorder in the Court."
• Q: What is your date of birth?
• A: July fifteenth.
• Q: What year?
• A: Every year
• Q: What gear were you in at moment of the impact?
• A: A Gucci sweater and Reebok trainers.
• Q: How old is your son, the one living with you?
• A: Thirty-eight or thirty-five, I can’t remember which!
• Q: How long has he lived with you?
• A: Forty-five years.
• Q: What was the first thing your husband said to you when he woke up that morning?
• A: He said, "Where am I, Cathy?"
• Q: And why did that upset you?
• A: My name is Susan.
• Q: Trooper, when you stopped the defendant, were your red and blue lights flashing?
• A: Yes.
• Q: Did the defendant say anything when she got out of her car?
• A: Yes, sir.
• Q: What did she say?
• A: What disco am I at?
• Q: All your responses must be oral, OK?
• A: OK.
• Q: What school did you go to?
• A: Oral.
(7). Or these one liners – stupid questions:
• Q: The youngest son, the 20-year old, how old is he?
• Q: Were you present when your picture was taken?
• From the ridiculous to the significant;
• We are looking this morning at Jesus on trial & the denial of Jesus by Peter the disciple.
• In the narrative these two stories are woven together.
Read: verses 53-54:
“They took Jesus to the high priest, and all the chief priests, elders and teachers of the law came together.
54 Peter followed him at a distance, right into the courtyard of the high priest. There he sat with the guards and warmed himself at the fire.
• Let us first look at the trial of Jesus Christ:
• Jesus was arrested about midnight in the Garden of Gethsemane,
• In the next twelve hours he will be tried six times – you heard right – six times;
• Before being crucified the following noon.
• Peloubet’s Bible Dictionary gives the time of this chronology as follows:
• Friday Morning:
• (1). Before Annas - 1 to 5 A.M.
• (2). Before Caiaphas - 1 to 5 A.M.
• (3). Before the Sanhedrin - 1 to 5 A.M.
• (4). Before Pilate - 5 to 6 A.M.
• (5). Before Herod - 5 to 6 A.M.
• (6). Before Pilate Again - 5 to 6 A.M.
• It’s worth noting that;
• None of the gospels give to us all six trials of Jesus in chronological order;
• You will need to do a bit of study yourself to get this information.
• There are plenty of commentaries or websites that do the hard work for you.
In our passage this morning (14 verses 53-65):
• Mark in his gospel records for us trial number two.
• Jesus before Caiaphas.
• This trial was held in what we call ‘A kangaroo court’.
• ‘A kangaroo court’ is
• "A mock court in which the principles of law and justice are disregarded or perverted”
• Under Jewish law they had to meet legally in daylight, and not at night.
• They should not be in a home of Caiaphas but in a court room,
• Jewish courts were not meant to be a closed affair:
• They were also supposed to have court reporters present;
• And if you take the time to look it up;
• You will find that many standard and required procedures were broken or ignored.
• This is a classic example of ‘A kangaroo court’.
Now let’s look at the characters involved:
(1). Caiaphas the High Priest (vs 53):
• (a). Joseph Caiaphas,
• Was high priest of the temple in Jerusalem from 18 to 37 A.D
• (b). The high priest served as the Jewish people’s representative to God.
• Once a year as High Priest Caiaphas would enter the Holy of Holies in the temple;
• To offer sacrifices to God on behalf of the people.
• (c). The rest of his time was taken up with being in charge of the temple treasury,
• Controlling the temple police and lower ranking priests and attendants,
• And ruling over the Sanhedrin.
• (d). Caiaphas had held this position for 19-years;
• The average length of time in this position was two years.
• This long tenure is an indication of his ability and influence.