Summary: This is the second of four sermons that was presented to congregations that have come out of a Saturday Sabbath background

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Sabbath Discussion - 2

• This series of four sermons was presented to congregations that have come out of a Saturday Sabbath background

• There is also a chart which accompanies these sermons and can be obtained by sending an email to

Review from last time

• “Rest” in God’s terminology means “to be in intimate relationship with his creation”

• This is the idealistic scene we see in Eden – no rituals, no ceremonies, no religion. Just a close intimate relationship between God and man –the world was truly at rest and at peace

• Man’s sin interrupted this close intimate relationship so God had to go back to “work”

• So “work” in God’s terminology is about His saving work in restoring this relationship with His creation

• We saw how all the rituals from Adam to Moses pictured Jesus Christ’s saving work – they were shadows of what was to come

• Then we came to Moses where God introduces the law

• We saw the 10 commandments are a just an elementary level of His law

• Jesus came to fulfill them in two senses

o To raise the bar with his revolutionary teaching of Matt 5-7

o and to fulfill them in the sense they all pointed to Him – Matt 5:17

• saw the Mosaic law was introduced for three reasons

o First, to show mankind the gravity of his sin, Rom 7:7 The law is not sinful, but it was the law that showed me my sin

o Second, to show the way of life as it says here in Rom 7:10, which was supposed to show me the way of life,

o Third, to lead us to Jesus Christ Gal 3:24 Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith.25 But after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor.

• How does the law lead us to Jesus?

• The law shows us we are sinners, we are unable to measure up to the law no matter how hard we “Work” (there’s that word again), so the only way we can obtain salvation is through “faith” in the saving “work” of Jesus Christ

• The Mosaic covenant was annulled not because of the failure of the law but because of the failure of the people (Heb 8:7-9)

Now let’s back up to the Mosaic Covenant again to specifically address the Sabbath question

• Both sides in Sabbath debate acknowledges the sacrifices associated with the Moses Covenant foreshadowed Jesus’ sacrifice

• So when Jesus died the logical conclusion was there was no longer any need for the sacrificial system

• The disagreement comes with how the rest of the Mosaic Law is classified

• The Mosaic law includes laws on Sacrifices, the Priesthood, ceremonial and moral laws

• The sacrificial laws are acknowledged by both sides to be ceremonial

• Both sides acknowledge ceremonial laws such as the ones governing the sacrifices and the priesthood can be changed, added, deleted etc.

• Moral laws on the other hand are valid for all times and places

• Sabbatarians say the moral laws continue and the only ones done away with are the ceremonial ones

• Strangely enough no one disagrees with that assessment

• Diagram - No one can do away with God’s Law of Love – it’s a reflection of God’s nature

So what is the disagreement over?

• It is over this matter of what is classified as “moral” and what is classified as “ceremonial”

• Sabbatarians insist all of the ten commandments are moral laws and therefore are valid for all time

• New Covenant proponents on the other hand say the Sabbath is a ceremonial law, not a moral law

• So the issue revolves primarily around the classification of the fourth commandment as a moral or a ceremonial law

So the question comes back to, “What constitutes a moral law?” This is what we are going to look at today

• Personally I don’t like the term moral because that is a man made term and we as Christians are really dealing with God’s higher law of love

• Nevertheless, in its highest sense a moral law is a universally recognized principle that governs behavior – lofty sounding terms like love, justice, fairness, equality, integrity, truth, honor are used to describe moral behavior

The first thing we can say about a moral law is this: It is a law that transcends time and place, is applicable in any circumstance, in any culture, is not restricted by time and space – it is God’s Law if you like - infinite

• Let’s take pride for instance; it was wrong when Satan rebelled in heaven, it was wrong in Eden, it was wrong in ancient Israel, it is wrong in NC, it will be wrong in the New Heavens and New earth

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