Summary: This is the final in a series of four sermons that was presented to congregations that have come out of a Saturday Sabbath background

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Sabbath Discussion – 4

• This series of four sermons was presented to congregations that have come out of a Saturday Sabbath background

• There is also a chart which accompanies these sermons and can be obtained by sending an email to

What was the purpose of the Sabbath in the Mosaic Covenant

• In Ex 31 it tells us it was to be a sign.

Exodus 31:12-13 (NKJV)12 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 13 “Speak also to the children of Israel, saying ‘Surely My Sabbaths you shall keep, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you.

• A sign or sign post is not the focus of the sign – its the thing or event to which it points

• The sign outside the church building points people to what happens in the building, the focus is on what happens in the building

• So we have to look at the Sabbath Day as a sign post that points us to something

• In this section of scripture we see two things identified as the object of the sign. It was a sign in that it pointed both backwards and forwards

• 17 It is a sign between Me and the children of Israel forever; for in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed.’ ”

• So it pointed backwards in the sense that on the Sabbath the Israelites were commanded to mimic the way Adam and Eve lived on that seventh day

• Eden - they enjoyed an intimate spiritual rest with God in Eden – there was no sin, no need to work, no disharmony

• In other works, they enjoyed physical and spiritual rest

• Sinai – At Sinai the Israelites were commanded not to go out of their place on the Sabbath in order to mimic the rest Adam and Eve enjoyed before sin entered

• Eden – Adam and Eve ate freely from the garden

• Sinai – The Israelites were commanded to prepare their food on the sixth day so they could eat freely without any preparation on the Sabbath

• Eden – Adam and Eve did not labor on that first 7th day. They rested in the finished work of God

• Sinai – The Israelites were commanded to finish their work on the sixth day so they too could rest on the 7th day.

• So it reminded the Israelites of a time when God did not have “to work” and he reinforced this by prohibiting any work on that day

• It was to remind them of “the spiritual rest” mankind enjoyed with God in Eden before “sin” entered the equation

But it also looks forward

• Ex 31:13……for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you.

• Who ultimately sanctifies us? Jesus Christ

• So the Sabbath Day also pointed forward to the one who would ultimately sanctify us or give us true spiritual rest through His saving Work

• That’s why Jesus said, Matthew 11:28-30 (NKJV) Come to Me, all you who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. 29 Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. 30 For My yoke is easy and My burden is light.”

• Can anything else but Jesus Christ give us spiritual rest?

• Can the signpost give us Spiritual Rest? No

• Yet in the past our focus was on the Day

• But we weren’t the first to make that mistake – the Pharisees in Jesus’ time did exactly the same thing

• The reality was standing right in front of them yet they continued to focus on the signpost

Mark 2:27-28 (NKJV) And He said to them, “The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. 28 Therefore the Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath.”

• As we just read in Ex 31, the Sabbath Day was give to mankind as a physical day of rest to remind Him of the Spiritual rest he enjoyed before sin entered and to point him to the time when that spiritual rest would be restored through Jesus Christ

• The Pharisees with all their rules and regulations had moved the focus away from the intended purpose to “how the day was to be observed

• They had tampered with the signpost. Instead of using it to point people to “The Lord of the Sabbath” they focused on how the physical day was to be observed

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