Improve your sermon prep with our brand new study tools! Learn all about them here.

Summary: Analysis of 3 John. (PowerPoint slides to accompany this talk are available on request – email:

  Study Tools


Analysis of 3 John.

• (a). The encouragement of Gaius (vs 1-8)

• (B). The criticism of Diotrephes (vs 9-10)

• (c). The testimony of Demetrius (vs 11-12)


A grandmother was looking after her two little grandchildren;

• A 7-year-old girl, and a 5-year-old boy.

• And both these children had been very, very naughty.

• As the time drew near for their mother to pick them up,

• The little girl said, "Are you going to tell Mummy how we behaved?"

• The grandmother replied, "No, I’m not. But if she asks me, I can’t tell a lie."

• The little boy looked up to her and said, "Why not? I’m only five, and I can lie great."

• In 2 John the letter you look at last week;

• The problem was the woman had love but at the expense of truth!

• In 3 John the letter we are looking at this week;

• The problem was a man had truth but at the expense of love!

In the Greek text this is the shortest letter in the New Testament:

• Both 2 John and 3 John focuses on the basic issue of hospitality;

• But they come from, different angles.

• While 2 John warns against showing hospitality to false teachers;

• 3 John condemns the lack of hospitality shown to faithful teachers of God’s word.

(1). Comparison with 2 John.


• 2 John was written to a lady and her children,

• 3 John is written to a man and his acquaintances.


• The problem John addressed in his second letter;

• Was a lady entertaining the wrong kind of travellers, visitors.

• The problem in 3 John;

• Is a man who refused to entertain the right kind of travellers, visitors.


• In 2 John hospitality is misplaced.

• In 3 John hospitality is missing completely.


• It’s kind of ironic that in 2 John a lady said yes, to a person she should have said no too.

• In 3 John a man said no, to a person she should have said yes too.


• The message of 2 John is:

• Truth was needed to bring love back into balance.

• The message of 3 John is:

• Love was needed to bring truth back into balance.

(f). Finally...

• In 2 John no personal names are mentioned.

• In 3 John a number of specific names are mentioned.

• i.e. Gaius (vs 1-8), Diotrephes (vs 9-10), Demetrius (vs 11-12)

(2). Analysis of 3 John.

• An outline of this letter naturally forms around the three men that are mentioned:

• First in verses 1-8 we meet Gaius.

• Second in verses 9-10 we meet Diotrephes.

• Third in verses 11-12 we meet Demetrius.

(a). The encouragement of Gaius (vs 1-8)

• As you scan the letter it becomes clear that Gaius was very close to John.

• Just look at the affectionate way he refers to him.

• i.e. verse 1: “To my dear friend” or “Beloved Gaius”.

• i.e. verse 2: “Dear friend” or “Beloved Gaius”.

• i.e. verse 5: “Dear friend” or “Beloved Gaius”.

• i.e. verse 11: “Dear friend” or “Beloved Gaius”.


• We don’t know for sure who this particular Gaius was:

• We do know that there are there are three people called Gaius;

• Who get a name check in the New Testament.

• (a). Gaius the Macedonian – he is mentioned in Acts chapter 19.

• (b).Gaius of Derbe – he is mentioned in Acts chapter 20.

• (c). Gaius of Corinth – he actually gets a double mention;

Browse All Media

Related Media

Always Be Ready
PowerPoint Template
Big Questions
PowerPoint Template
Essential Equipment
PowerPoint Template
Talk about it...

Nobody has commented yet. Be the first!

Join the discussion