Summary: What was known about the woman from Samaria and what did Jesus do for the woman?
A. THE SETTING: SYCHAR/JACOB’S WELL
1. Jesus had been in Jerusalem for the Passover during the spring of the year. Why was He now heading home? “But He needed to go through Samaria” (John 4:4).
2. Sychar, probably Shechem, means shecker (falsehood) or scheckar (liquor). It was a city of liars and drunks.
B. WHAT WAS KNOWN ABOUT THE WOMAN?
1. She was Samarian. “How is it that You, being a Jew, ask a drink from me, a Samaritan woman?” (John 4:9).
2. She was blind to who Jesus was. “Sir, You have nothing to draw with, and the well is deep” (John 4:11).
3. She argued religion. “Are You greater than our father Jacob?” (John 4:12).
4. She misunderstood spiritual things. “Sir, give me this water, that I may not thirst, nor come here to draw” (John 4:15).
5. She was evasive about truth. “I have no husband” (John 4:17).
6. She had difficulty understanding. “Sir, I perceive that You are a prophet. Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, and you Jews say that in Jerusalem is the place where one ought to worship” (John 4:19-20).
C. WHAT DID JESUS DO FOR THE WOMAN?
1. Made contact. “Give Me a drink” (John 4:7).
2. Offered her eternal life. “If you knew the gift of God, and who it is who says to you, ‘Give Me a drink,’ . . . He would have given you living water” (John 4:10).
3. He reminded her of her limitations. “Whoever drinks of this water will thirst again” (John 4:13).
4. He uncovered her sin. “Go, call your husband, and come here” (John 4:16).
5. He pointed out truth. “For you have had five husbands” (John 4:18).
6. He correct her theology. “You worship what you do not know . . . salvation is of the Jews” (John 4:22).
7. He explained true worship. “The Father is seeking such to worship Him. God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth” (John 4:23-24).
a. Worship demands a sacrifice.
b. Worship is expressed in heart and head.
D. THE WOMAN’S RESPONSE
1. Her transformation. She came with empty water pots, but left with a full vessel.
2. Repentance. “Went her way into the city, and said to the men” (John 4:28).
3. Brought men to Jesus. “Lift up your eyes and look at the fields, for they are already white for harvest” (John 4:35).
a. Grain harvest.
b. White head dress.
4. Soul winner. “Many of the Samaritans of that city believed in Him because of the word of the woman” (John 4:39).
5. Influenced her city. “For we ourselves have heard Him and we know that this is indeed the Christ, the Savior of the world” (John 4:42).
E. PRACTICAL APPLICATION
1. The opportunity principle. In Jesus’ life or in ours, timing is the difference between success and misery.
2. The sensitive principle. We should be aware of the spiritual problems and needs of those around us.
3. The ready principle. When Jesus was tired and hungry, He did not ignore a person He could help.