Summary: Jesus proves from Scripture that He is the Christ but the Jewish leaders willfully refuse to believe.
Jesus heals the blind man but the Jews don’t believe He is the Messiah. They’ve done everything they can to prove Him wrong but they haven’t had any luck. In our last study they demanded Him to plainly say whether He is the Christ or not. Rather than saying yes or no He says, “I’ve already told you and you don’t believe. The reason is because you aren’t my sheep. My sheep hear me and follow and I give them eternal life and no one can ever take them away.” He says, “My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father’s hand. I and my Father are one.” That pretty much does it for the Jews:
31Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him. 32Jesus answered them, Many good works have I shewed you from my Father; for which of those works do ye stone me? 33The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.
See, they’re fine with Him doing miracles (as long as He doesn’t do them on Sabbath), and they might be ok if He claims His power comes from God. But He’s saying He is one with the Father. He’s saying He’s the same as God, and they just can’t stand it so they pick up rocks to kill Him.
34Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods? 35If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken; 36Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?
Why does Jesus quote this verse? How does it justify calling Himself the Son of God? Well, it’s a quote from Psalm 82 and we should go back to read it:
God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods. 2How long will ye judge unjustly, and accept the persons of the wicked? Selah. 3Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy. 4Deliver the poor and needy: rid them out of the hand of the wicked. 5They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course. 6I have said, Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High. 7But ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes. 8Arise, O God, judge the earth: for thou shalt inherit all nations (Ps. 82:1-8).
There are men called “gods” and the “children of the Most High.” They’re supposed to defend the poor and fatherless, do justice to the afflicted and needy, deliver them, and get rid of the wicked. In other words, these are the protectors and defenders of Israel; but they’re not doing their job. The people have hope, though, because these wicked men are going to die and give way to God who is the true Judge of all the earth: “Arise, O God, judge the earth: for thou shalt inherit the nations.”
This can be tied together with another Psalm: “Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure. 6Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion. 7I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. 8Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession (Ps. 2:5-8).
These verses are both prophecies of the Messiah. The “gods” are merely men, but they’re sent by God to do justice. Of course, they don’t actually do it because they’re crooked, but they’ll give way to the true Son of God, and He will actually be faithful. When He arises He will rule all the nations of the world, and if all nations, then He will also rule Israel.
Now, here in this story, Jesus comes saying He is the Son of God. How can He be charged with blasphemy when Scripture (which cannot be broken) calls the men God has sent “gods” and “children of God”? If He has been sent then He has every right to take these names for Himself and there’s one way to find out if He’s telling the truth:
37If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not. 38But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may know, and believe, that the Father is in me, and I in him.