Summary: Should Christians go to war? (... in aftermath of World Trade Center)

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Years ago, when I was in the military stationed in Great Britain, a zealous European accused me of being a hypocrite. He said, “How can you call yourself a Christian and serve in the U.S. Military?” (The implication was that Christians are to be peace-loving and passive, while the military exists for the sole purpose of war) I was young and easily confused - not to mention embarrassed because this happened in front of a small crowd. I didn’t know how to answer his question. And thinking I was a hypocrite wasn’t a very good feeling.

Fortunately, an English minister came to my rescue. He referred to a passage in the Gospel of Luke when two soldiers asked John the Baptist what was required of them in order to be right with the Lord. John answered, “Don’t extort money and don’t accuse people falsely--be content with your pay." (Luke 3:14 NIV) Notice what John didn’t say. He didn’t say, “Find a new career.” He simply emphasized the need to be just and fair.


After the shocking events that rocked our Nation September 11, 2001, I found myself feeling like a hypocrite once again. Although I have been out of the military for quite some time, I’m still a Christian. And I’m very mindful of the Scriptures that command us to “Love our enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you, pray for those who mistreat you. If someone strikes you on one cheek, turn to him the other also.” (Luke 6:27-29 NIV) Quite honestly, I don’t feel like turning the other cheek! I don’t feel like loving my enemies and doing good to these people who have hurt our Nation so bad. But I am a Christian. And I keep hearing the words of Jesus as he asks, “Why do you call me ‘Lord, Lord.” and do not do what I say?” (Luke 6:46) The Bible goes on to say, “If it is possible, as far as it depends on you, live at peace with everyone. (Romans 12:18 NIV)

Many Christians have studied these Scripture and concluded that war is never permissible. They would be considered conscientious objectors if drafted - not out of fear of dying for their country, but out of fear of God. Much of the persecution of Christians when the church began is attributed to Christians refusing to fight for the Roman Empire. As Emperor Septimius Severus tried to build up his military might in 200 A.D., the churches were preaching that Christians should not bare arms. Why? Because Christians were to live at peace with everyone… as far as it was dependent on them… if possible.


It wasn’t until St. Augustine addressed the subject around 400 A.D. that Christians realized, sometimes the way to peace required taking the road to war. Augustine said, “Peace is not sought in order to provide war, but war is waged in order to attain peace.” And with that, Augustine began laying the foundation for what we know today as the principles for Just War, which states:

1. JUST WAR can only be waged by legitimate authorities.

2. JUST WAR must exhaust all non-violent options first.

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